1) must meet the Copenhagen Criteria
Political: stability of institutions, guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights, and respect for and protection of minorities
Economic: existence of a functioning market economy and the capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the Union
Acceptance of the Community acquis: ability to take on the obligations of membership, including adherence to the aims of political, economic, and monetary union
· If you don't follow the rules, you cannot really be kicked out, but your voting privileges can be removed
At this point, not a specific mechanism for a state to remove itself à not on the radar
2) After the country applies for membership, the European Commission prepares an opinion on their readiness
The Council can override the Commission à if you get a bad report by the Commission, you can still join based on the decisions of the European Council
3) The European Council uses this opinion to determine whether to open negotiations or not. If they do open negotiations
4) the European Council and the potential member discuss differences in domestic vs. EU law and negotiate a timeline for compliance
usually takes 2-4 years to come into compliance
5) After compliance is achieved, the treaty of accession is signed
basically means that your application has been approved by the council
now must be put to a vote
·6) It must be ratified by all EU member states and the candidate country. In addition, the Council and Parliament must both vote in favor - not unanimously, but in favor
There is then a formal signing ceremony that happens at the next session of the European Council
If one person refuses to sign, you need to solve whatever problem has occurred
-Some important steps of the European Enlargement Integration included:
Central European countries joined the EU in the year: 2004 (Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, etc.)
-Mention some obstacles of future enlargement:
Take Croatia for example, they are set to enter the EU in 2013. With the introduction of Croatia to the EU, that brings problems for Croatia because they are monopolized by the seaside.
Many European countries want to be inducted into the EU, but with the idea of federalizing the European Union it could turn out to be a problem.
-I just read a text book, they mention that :
Enlargement, the accession of new member states- has been a permanent feature of European integration since the early 1960s
-Factors to join :
o better market access
o trade and investment opportunities
o eligibility structural funding and agricultural subsidies
-Why EU want to expand?
-From the beginning, the EU has sought to promote prosperity and strengthen security by bring European countries together
-The EU's identify and sense of purpose. It also EU's national image and potential policy impact
-It brings economic benefits for the existing member state, in the form of a larger internal market with more intra-EU investment and trade
-Treaty of Paris
-Proponents: Adenauer, Bech, Monnet, Schuman (Schuman Declaration)
-1st president: De Gasperi
-6 countries joined, no UK--Treaty of Paris
Benelux Union: Belgium, Netherlands & Luxembourg
Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Luxembourg.
-common market for coal and steel and that the process, wages, investment & competition would be regulated.
had to integrate all of these policies