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Terms in this set (49)

1) must meet the Copenhagen Criteria
Political: stability of institutions, guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights, and respect for and protection of minorities
Economic: existence of a functioning market economy and the capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the Union
Acceptance of the Community acquis: ability to take on the obligations of membership, including adherence to the aims of political, economic, and monetary union
· If you don't follow the rules, you cannot really be kicked out, but your voting privileges can be removed
At this point, not a specific mechanism for a state to remove itself à not on the radar
2) After the country applies for membership, the European Commission prepares an opinion on their readiness
The Council can override the Commission à if you get a bad report by the Commission, you can still join based on the decisions of the European Council
3) The European Council uses this opinion to determine whether to open negotiations or not. If they do open negotiations
4) the European Council and the potential member discuss differences in domestic vs. EU law and negotiate a timeline for compliance
usually takes 2-4 years to come into compliance
5) After compliance is achieved, the treaty of accession is signed
basically means that your application has been approved by the council
now must be put to a vote
·6) It must be ratified by all EU member states and the candidate country. In addition, the Council and Parliament must both vote in favor - not unanimously, but in favor
There is then a formal signing ceremony that happens at the next session of the European Council
If one person refuses to sign, you need to solve whatever problem has occurred
Realism: Negative view of human nature
International system is anarchic
States are uncertain about the intentions of other states
States are self-interested
States are in constant competition for power and security relative to each other, which makes conflict both possible and likely and creates a general suspicion towards cooperation
Non-state actors play limited roles in IR

Neorealism: Emphasizes the role of the structure of the international system
the structure is determined by anarchy and distribution of power among states
material capabilities and power distribution matter since interests are taken as given and fixed
Emphasizes the concept of relative gains

Liberalism: Human nature is essentially good
War can be overcome through collective action and institutional reform
Economic/political considerations more important than power or institutions( more state preferences over state capabilities)

Neoliberalism: Anarchy is mitigated by the effects of the international institutions
States are rational actors
States have incentives to cooperate because of absolute gains
States can solve collective action problems through institutions
Does not assume cooperation will create a positive normative outcome

Constructivism: Anarchy is what states make of it - it does not have to mean the constant threat of conflict
International Relations is socially constructed - state behavior is shaped by shared beliefs, socially constructed rules, and cultural practices
How Actors interact with each other, and the way that their behavior is interpreted, can change the meaning of norms
Ideas and interests can change - not taken as a priori given
States do not have identities or national interest prior to their interaction with others
Behavior in the international system is determined by structure and agency