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60 terms

Ethics

Egoism Emphasizes the aim of always acting for perceived self interest, usually in the long term Edit Consequential Theories base morality on the results and outcomes of behaviors. Actions with good consequences are seen as morally good Edit Fallacy An illogical argument often appearing logical at first glance but then involving a statement that may mislead in one way or another Argument A series of statements that claim to prove a point Logic The branch of Philosophy that deals with thinking an…
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Ethics
The Reasoned study of what is morally right and wrong
Egoism
Emphasizes the aim of always acting for perceived self interest, usually in the long term
Consequential
Theories base morality on the results and outcomes of behaviors. Actions with good consequences are seen as morally good
Fallacy
An illogical argument often appearing logical at first glance but then involving a statement that may mislead in one way or another
Argument
A series of statements that claim to prove a point
Logic
The branch of Philosophy that deals with thinking and reasoning processes.
Moral Judgments
Conclusions as to whether specific actions are ethically right or wrong
Values
Moral qualities that are considered important and worthy
Virtues
Moral qualities that are considered important and worthy
Ethical Principles
General guidelines of ethical behavior
Morals
Behaviors that are judged to be consistent with good ethical thinking and decision making
Critical Thinking
Informed and logical thought
Applied Ethics
The actual use of moral standards of behavior in making decisions about human problems
Utilitarian
Producing the greatest possible good for the greatest possible number
Ethical issues
Questions, problems,situations, or actions that contain legitimate questions of moral right or wrong
Act Utilitarianism
Jeremy Bentham
Rule Utilitarianism
John stuart mill
Non-consequential
Theories base morality on factors other than the results of outcomes
Virtue Ethics
theory of Socrates, Plato,and Aristotle
Fallacy
An illogical argument often appearing logical at first glance but then involving a statement that may mislead in one way or another
Natural Law
conduct based upon the perceived order inherent in the universe.
Natural Rights
Basic Human Rights, John Loke
Kants Theory
Bases Moral right and wrong on self derived,universal, moral duties, determined through reason
and intuition
contractarianism
theory bases ethics on the value of justice and fairness, providing process to help people understand what an ideal, fair solution would be
Profession
Having the freedom to makes one's own choices. In a profession, privilege of working with little or no supervision.
Professional Ethics
The standards or codes of conduct adopted formally by a group of persons practicing the same vocation.
Professional Autonomy
Having the freedom to make ones own choices.
Fiduciary Obligation
A duty of professionals have towards there clients to make for the clients best interest.
conflict of interest
A conflict between self interest and fiduciary obligation
business
a commercial,industrial, service,which exists to pleasure the comunuity. run by a group or people
business ethics
the application of moral principles in a business setting
Trade
A willing of exchange and goods and services with another person for advancing ones own interest.
Contract
an agreement or qoud pro,a mutual promise
Free market capitalism
aka free enterprise
supply and demand
two opposing forces that help control prices
Price gouging
taking advantage of vulnerable persons
altruism
doing good for its own sake
John loke
17th century English philosopher that taught individual property rights
adam smith
18th century English philosopher that taought free market captialism. economic man
Benjemin Franklin
american statesman
corporation
legal entity with many rights granted to human beings
anti trust laws
laws designed to maintain fair competition between business.
Moral development
Human growth in understanding what makes actions right or wrong
Kohlbergs stages
obedience/punishment
instrument and relativity
interpersonal accordance
law and order
social contract
universal ethical principles
Gilligans steps
care for self
care for others
balance and integrating self interest
james rests four concepts
moral sensitivity, moral judgment, moral motivation, and moral character
workplace justice
fairness and objectivity in employment decisions and relationships
prejudice
discrimination to judge before knowing.
non discrimination
the avoidance of prejudice treatment
employee rights
basic and civil rights of the united states of the employees
employee welfare
employers obligation to maintain a safe workplace
employee dignity
do no abuse other employees
Plagiarism
the act of appropriating anothers writing or works and making use of them as ones own
hacking
breaking into another computer without permission
copyright
the specific rights that an author or creator of a work that express ownership of the work.
piracy
the act of using copyrighted material
quality of product and control
products should be safe,durable,clean, and functional
veracity
first,in the representation of the corporation and its products, in the right and duty of the consumer to exercise in making choices what to buy
employee integrity
the employer must refrain from asking employees to violate laws or accepted ethical standards.
workplace justice
fairness and objectivity in employment decisions and relationships