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Patient Care CH-1 Test
Terms in this set (30)
1. The use of x-rays to create a medical image on patients is referred to as:
d. magnetic resonance imaging.
2. Particular care must be taken when using radiation for medical imaging. This is the result of radiation's ability to create __________ in human tissue and possible biochemical changes.
b. radio waves
c. sound waves
d. thermal changes
3. In the diagnosis of patient disease states, physicians can select from an array of medical diagnostic modalities. A few of these involve the use of ionizing energy to create a medical image. If a physician is concerned about the use of ionizing radiation, he or she may choose to order any of the following diagnostic modalities EXCEPT:
b. medical sonography.
d. magnetic resonance imaging.
4. The Greek physician Hippocrates is regarded as the father of Western medicine. All of the following choices represent his medical beliefs EXCEPT the:
a. use of high ethical standards of conduct.
b. important medical value of sorcery and witchcraft.
c. importance of closely monitoring a patient's condition and recovery.
d. value of diet and exercise and allowing nature to take its course in recovery.
B. Important medical value of sorcery and witchcraft
5. Throughout the history of medicine, remarkable achievements have been recorded. These events have led to our current understanding of the human organism and disease. As this research continues, much of it will most likely focus on:
a. proper sanitation and public health.
b. immunology and the development of vaccines.
c. germ theory and infection.
d. human genes and genetic engineering.
D. Human genes and genetic engineering
6. Wilhelm C. Roentgen's discovery of "the x-ray" is regarded as one of medicine's most significant achievements. Although his discovery was accidental, his early research was so thorough that no significant findings have been added to his original theories. This in itself is a true tribute to the brilliance of Roentgen as a scientist. One of the most famous early images he created was an x-ray image of his:
b. laboratory assistant's foot.
c. wife's hand.
C. Wife's hand
7. A valuable x-ray procedure used to diagnose a myocardial infarction would be:
d. coronary arteriography.
D. Coronary arteriography
8. All of the following are true of the diagnostic procedure of mammography EXCEPT:
a. it is very valuable for the detection of early breast cancers.
b. the procedures may be performed using a general radiographic machine.
c. radiographers need to be specially trained in order to perform mammography.
d. radiographers must be certified by the ARRT to qualify for the mammography examination.
B. The procedures may be performed using a general radiographic machine
9. In order to study the blood vessels of the brain, kidneys, liver, and other organs, contrast material is administered into these vessels by using:
d. none of the above.
10. Radiologic sciences continues to be one of the most exciting professions in medicine. An imaging modality that uses no ionizing radiation and the energy of radio waves and magnetic fields is:
a. nuclear imaging.
11. A physician who specializes in the interpretation of medical images is known as a:
c. radiologic technologist.
d. radiologist assistant.
12. In order to become a qualified radiologist assistant (RA), you:
1. must complete a recognized RA educational course of study.
2. must successfully pass the national examination for nursing (NCLEX).
3. need to be certified in radiography by the ARRT.
4. must successfully complete the radiologist assistant examination offered by the ARRT.
5. need to become a member of a local professional group of radiologic technologists.
a. 2, 4, and 5 only
b. 1, 3, 4, and 5 only
c. 1, 3, and 4 only
d. 1 and 4 only
C. 1, 3, and 4 only
13. A class of health care workers who specialize in carrying out treatments designed to improve a patient's health condition and quality of life and who likely possess a 2- or 4-year degree are known as:
14. To become a Board-certified radiologist, the traditional course of study would follow what educational sequence after high school?
a. Residency, baccalaureate degree, medical school
b. Residency, medical school, baccalaureate degree
c. Baccalaureate degree, residency, medical school
d. Baccalaureate degree, medical school, residency
D. Baccalaureate degree, medical schoo, residency
15. The health occupation that deals with the management of patient medical records and medical coding is:
c. health information services.
d. medical records therapist.
C. Health information services
16. All of the following are typical members of the radiology team EXCEPT:
a. radiology nurse.
b. biomedical engineer.
c. radiologic technologist.
B. Biomedical engineer
17. The medical imaging specialty of _______ uses radiopharmaceuticals and gamma radiation in the production of medical images for patient diagnosis.
a. radiation oncology
d. nuclear medicine
D. Nuclear medicine
18. The current medical standard for measuring bone health with a high degree of accuracy is:
a. radiographs of the chest.
b. DEXA studies of the hip and lower spine.
c. sonography of the heel.
d. nuclear scans of the bones.
B. DEXA studies of the hip and lower spine
19. Many medical professions have developed "Practice Standards" to ensure optimum performance of their members. The radiography "Practice Standards" are developed and maintained by the:
a. American Medical Association (AMA).
b. American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT).
c. American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT).
d. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
B. American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT)
20. The education of radiographers involves the commitment and dedication of many people. All of the following may be directly involved with and responsible for your education as a radiographer EXCEPT the:
a. program director.
b. clinical coordinator or clinical instructor.
c. medical equipment applications specialist.
d. didactic faculty member.
C. Medical equipment applications specialist
21. The process whereby an organization seeks recognition from its peer groups through demonstrated compliance with developed standards is termed:
22. Professional certification of medical imaging practitioners, such as radiographers, is offered by the American:
a. Society of Radiologic Technologists.
b. College of Radiology.
c. Board of Radiology.
d. Registry of Radiologic Technologists.
D. Registry of Radiologic Technologists
23. There are many organizations involved with medical imaging that make up this great profession. A common goal of all of these organizations is to:
a. ensure the highest quality of care within the profession.
b. improve the standard of care within medical imaging.
c. foster positive public relations and communication with the general public and governmental agencies.
d. accomplish all of the above.
D. Accomplish all of the above
24. A radiographer looking to relocate to another state for similar employment is advised to check into that State's __________ requirements to ensure qualified employability.
a. professional membership
25. All of the following are true of the American Healthcare Radiology Administrators (AHRA) organization EXCEPT they:
a. certify radiographers.
b. publish the journal Radiology Management.
c. offer a certification examination for radiology administrators.
d. play a key role with the manpower needs of the medical imaging profession.
A. Certify radiographers
26. The organization that sponsors an international meeting in Chicago, Illinois each year in late November is the:
a. International Society of Radiographers and Radiologic Technologists (ISRRT).
b. Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
c. American College of Radiology (ACR).
d. Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology (JRCERT).
B. Radiological Society of North America (RSNA)
27. When you consider the many organizations that make up the medical imaging profession, it is accurate to conclude that:
a. almost all of the agencies focus on the financial and political strength of the profession.
b. all agencies are accountable to the American College of Radiology.
c. the collective group of agencies are responsible for the accreditation, certification, and representation of the medical imaging profession.
d. the various groups operate independently with minimal cooperation and communication.
C. The collective group of agencies are responsible for the accreditation, certification, and representation of the medical imaging profession
28. The oldest radiologic society in the medical imaging profession is the:
a. American Medical Society.
b. International Society of Radiographers and Radiologic Technologists.
c. American Roentgen Ray Society.
d. Radiological Society of the Americas.
C. American Roentgen Ray Society
29. Accredited programs in radiologic technology are recognized by the Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology (JRCERT). Programs seeking this recognition necessarily must comply with the JRCERT:
a. Standards or Essentials.
b. rules and regulations.
c. registry requirements.
d. internal policies for operation and conduct.
A. Standards or Essentials
30. The organization that is principally responsible for the general welfare of the profession of radiologic technology, through its efforts in continuing education, practice standards, and socioeconomics is the:
a. Association of Educators in Imaging and Radiologic Sciences (AEIRS).
b. American Healthcare Radiology Administrators (AHRA).
c. Society for Computer Applications in Radiology (SCAR).
d. American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT).
D. American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT)
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