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Politics of the United States
AP Government Final
Terms in this set (59)
The framers of the Constitution all believed that one of the primary functions of government is
protecting individual property rights
In The Federalist papers, James Madison expressed the view that political factions
are undesirable but inevitable in a free nation
In comparison to a unitary government, the American federal system
provides states control over most social, moral and family policies
The influence of Lockean philosophy on the framers of the U.S. Constitution is best evidenced by the framers' emphasis on
the promotion of economic stability by increasing government powers over the economy
In comparison to a strict constructionist, a judicial activist believes that judges should
use judicial review to overturn policies passed by legislatures that are offensive and outdated
Which of the following policies are criticized by state governments for requiring the states to enforce federal policies without federal money?
In the organization of government, the principle of federalism is illustrated best by the
representation system for electing senators
The Constitution and its amendments expressly prohibit all of the following EXCEPT
sex discrimination in employment
All of the following were concerns about the Articles of Confederation that led to the calling of the Constitutional Convention of 17871 EXCEPT
dissatisfaction over safeguards of individual rights and liberties
Which of the following is argued by James Madison in The Federalist paper number 10
A system of republican representation helps to limit the excesses of factionalism
The Connecticut (Great) Compromise provided for
a bicameral legislature with one house's composition based upon state population and another's on equal state representation
Enumerated powers of the federal government include all of the following EXCEPT the power to
regulate intrastate commerce
In The Federalist papers, James Madison argues that political liberty is best protected by
the fragmentation of political power in a large republic
A referendum can best be described as a vote to
determine whether citizens support an action by their state legislature
Which of the following forms of financial aid from the national government gives the states the broadest discretion in the spending of money?
Under the Articles of Confederation, which of the following were true
I. Congress could not tax states directly.
II. The executive branch of government exercised more power than Congress.
III. Congress was a unicameral body.
IV. States were represented in Congress proportionally according to population
I and III
Which of the following is a clause of the Constitution that gives the federal government broad powers in many policy areas?
Interstate Commerce Clause
Which of the following is a concurrent power in the American system of federalism?
the power to levy taxes
Which of the following give(s) a reason why the power of the federal government has grown relative to state governments?
I. the devolution of power
II. the conditional funding the federal government can provide to state governments
III. the growth of interstate commerce IV. the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution
II, III, and IV
Which of the following is NOT a check on the power of the president that the Constitution gives Congress?
Congress can reject the president's selections of people to fill key positions in the Executive Office of the President
The "Elastic Clause" of the Constitution:
states that the national government's powers include implied powers not specifically listed in the Constitution
What is eminent domain?
the right of the government to take private property for public use with compensation
Which one of the following is a provision contained in the Constitution?
The justices of the Supreme Court serve life terms
A major purpose of the economic provisions in the Constitution was to
create a strong national government so as to bring stability out of economic chaos
According to John Locke...
natural law was considered superior to human law
At the top of the political agendas during the period of the Articles of Confederation were
Opposition to ratification of the Constitution was based on the belief that it would...
provide for elite control, endanger liberty and weaken the states
The separation of powers and the checks and balances established by the Constitution
allow almost all groups some place in the political system where their demands for public policy can be heard
The Virginia and New Jersey Plans introduced at the Constitutional Convention differed mainly over
representation of population or states
Which of the following describes the rightful use of power?
All of the following nations have a federal system EXCEPT
The Supremacy Clause was first invoked in which Supreme Court case?
McCulloch v. Maryland
Which doctrine held that though the national government was supreme in its sphere, the states were equally supreme in theirs?
A(n) _____________ is a procedure whereby voters can place legislative measures directly on the signatures on petitions.
Which of the following believed a stronger national government was essential?
Washington and Hamilton
The proponents of the Constitution were called the _______.
The Constitution as ratified in 1788 most clearly reflects the framers' commitment to
the principle of limited government
A writ of certiorari from the Supreme Court indicates that the Court
will review a lower court decision
American foreign policy is directed primarily by the
compared with political parties in countries such as England and Israel, both of which have multiparty systems, American political parties are
more general and less consistent with political ideologies
Voters who rely exclusively on television network news coverage of national elections are most likely to be aware of
public support of their views based on public polls
Senators and representatives are often criticized for making deals with other legislators or the president in order to get programs, projects, and grants moving along the legislative process. What is this legislation called?
All the following happened as a result of the Connecticut Compromise agrees to at the Constitutional Convention in 1789 EXCEPT
senators would be elected directly by the people
The Speaker of the House has many responsibilities. All the following reflect roles the speaker plays EXCEPT?
making committee assignments for both parties
Pork barrel legislation helps the reelection chances of a member of Congress because such legislation
helps earn the member of Congress a reputation for service to his or her district
Interest groups representing businesspeople and investors are often among the most successful lobbying groups in Washington, D.C., for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
In many districts, these groups' constituents make up the majority of voters
Which best describes the relationship between PACs and interest groups?
PACs are created by interest groups
Which of the following represents a major reason for the proliferation of special interest and lobby groups?
The reactive nature of interest groups and lobbyists to new issues
The media play what kind of role related to public policy?
It has the major function of linking the electorate to the formal institutions of government
the president decides when information developed within the executive branch must be kept confidential, and not released to either Congress or the courts
an agreement between the United States and another country that does not require approval of the Senate; different from a treaty
Line Item Veto Act
allowed the president to selectively cancel portions of a bill without vetoing an entire bill. It was declared unconstitutional in 1998 because it gave the president power to amend legislation
How many departments are there in the executive branch?
There are 15 executive departments
Who is the secretary of state?
What are the seven roles of the president?
commander in chief, chief of executive branch, head of state, director of foreign policy, political party leader, guardian of the economy, legislative leader
What happens if the vice president cannot fill the roll of president?
the Speaker of the House assumes the position
What is the succession after the speaker of the house?
the president pro tempore, and then the cabinet secretaries in the order in which their departments were created
what happens if there is a vacancy in the vice presidency?
the president selects a nominee for the office who are majority of both houses of congress must confirm
Examples of Congress delegating additional powers to the president include the
line item veto & the budgeting and accounting act
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government
TEKS United States Government
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
United States Government: Our Democracy
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
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