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65 terms

Art history

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PLAY
The Hindu sculpture Shiva Nataraja, Lord of the Dance depicts the god:
Shiva
Porcelain plates made by the Chinese were decorated using _______ because it was the only color that could survive the high heat of the kilns.
Blue coloring
The indigenous religion of Japan is an ancient form of nature and ancestor worship called:
Shinto
The Terra Cotta Warriors were found in the tomb of Emperor _______, from whom China takes its name
Qin
Early burial mounds led to the Indian:
Answer
Stupa
Decorated with stories about Vishnu, _______ is one of the most famous monuments of Cambodia.
Angkor Wat
Sexual ecstasy as a metaphor for divine love is found in the art of the:
Hindus
The ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were located in the:
Indus Valley
Sesshu painted in a style that was called haboku, meaning:
Flung ink
Wu Chen's Album Leaf from Manual of Ink Bamboo illustrates the idea from the Song dynasty that the true character of the artist is revealed by:
The quality of calligraphy
One way in which Islamic art is unlike Western art is that it prohibits:
Figural art in a religious context
Shah Jahan commissioned this structure as a tomb for his favorite wife.
The Taj Mahal
Often mosques include one or more _______, which mark the building's location and are used by chanters who ascend and call the faithful to prayer.
Minarets
This book illustrates the most respected form of Muslim calligraphy.
Koran
The Great Mosque is complete with a _______ to mark the building's location and to allow the faithful to be called to prayer by a chanter.
Minaret
The Hopewell culture built large mounds, such as the Great Serpent Mound in what is now the state of:
Ohio
The head from the _______ culture is one of the oldest surviving examples of sub-Saharan art.
Nok
In Nigeria, the Yoruba have a strong tradition of:
Wood Carving
Teotihuacán featured temples, such as the Pyramid of the Sun, with decorations of
Feathered serpents
The New Zealand natives known as _______ used a meeting house for extended family gatherings and rituals.
Maoris
Known for their monumental carved heads, the _______ were the earliest known culture to develop in the Gulf Coast of Mexico.
Olmec
The Hopis and Zunis call the invisible life force spirits _______.
Kachinas
African textiles feature long narrow strips of cloth that are _______ and _______ together to make garments or blankets.
Woven, Sewen
Power figures of the Congo often have _______ added to them because it is thought to have special symbolic meaning
Iron
The _______ are known for their skill at building with huge, carefully cut and fitted stones as seen in Machu Picchu.
Inca
In _______ balance, the two sides of a composition on either side of an imaginary vertical dividing line correspond to one another in size, shape, and placement of form.
Symmetrical
Art criticism involves making _______, both favorable and unfavorable.
Judgments
Julio Gonzales was the sculptor who first used the _______ for his metal sculptures.
Welding torch
At various stages in the printmaking process, artists make what are called _______ to check on the developing image
Proofs
From a bicycle seat and handlebars, the artist _______ formed a sculpture and titled it Bull's Head.
Pablo Picasso
An identifying mark or trademark is referred to as a(n) _______.
Logo
Art theories that focus attention on the composition of the work and how earlier works may have influenced it are called:
Formalism
Edward Muybridge is best known for photographing people and animals in:
Motion
A typical example of a low-relief sculpture would be:
a coin
In filmmaking, each unbroken sequence of movie frames, with the camera still rolling, is called a:
Shot
Finding a reflection of their own emotional states, many Romantic artists found _______________________, a subject to focus their work on.
Landscape
The Post-Impressionists felt the Impressionists did not allow room for:
Personal expression
Picasso combined lessons from Cézanne with _______ sculpture to produce Les Demoiselles d' Avignon.
African
Because of the 20th century's rapid changes and discoveries, artists searching for new ways to express new realities felt they had to put aside dependence on:
The Renaissance
In his search for spiritual truth, Paul Gauguin moved to _______, where he spent the rest of his life.
Tahiti
Events that shook up the world at the beginning of the 20th century included Sigmund Freud's work on the subconscious mind and the invention of:
The airplane
The artist that painted Composition IV, Wassily Kandinsky, felt that art led to a new:
Spirtuality
Claude Monet's Impression: Sunrise began the movement known as:
Impressionism
A good example of Synthetic Cubism, Violin and Fruit by Picasso utilized papier colle, which became known as:
Collage
The Futurists were inspired by Cubism and glorified:
Speed
The first World War led to the Russian Revolution, the rise of the Nazi Party, and Fascism, resulting in artistic:
Censorship and repression
Totalitarian governments between the wars officially required a socially and politically "correct" form of art, social realism; its goal was:
retreat from modern art: communicate official positions to the public
Surrealism attempted to combine dreams with reality states, even though recognizing the two were:
Contradictory
_______universal elements were straight lines, primary colors and rectangles.
Piet Mondrain's
The Constructivists view of sculpture consisted of:
Dynamic Elements
As Minimalism and hard-edge developed, paintings came to be seen as objects themselves, rather than as:
Representations of other things
The large installation The Dinner Party, by artist Judy Chicago, illustrates the importance of _______ (in) art, which is considered to be a vital force in the 1970s.
Feminism
Cooperative events, in which viewers participate with principals in loosely scripted scenarios, are called:
Happenings
Jackson Pollock's Autumn Rhythm is an excellent example of:
Abstract Expressionism
Site works differ from earthworks in that site works are designed to interact with the environment, whereas earthworks:
Merge with the landscape
This artist, creator of Sunrise Over the Eastern Sea traveled throughout Japan in the 1930s sketching and painting the landscape.
Fujishima Takej
In the late 1950s, a group of students in Nigeria formed the Zaria Art Society with the goal of expressing:
more of their African identity in their works
The Japanese group Gutai functioned from 1954 to 1972. In their manifesto, they proclaimed:
The end of traditional art making
The style of Li Hua's Take Him In! is similar to Western examples of:
Social Realism
The color schemes and flat patterns illustrated in Amrita Sher-Gil's The Swing were directly influenced by the Post-Impressionism of Paul Gauguin and:
The ancient caves at Ajanta
This artist reflects on identity and cultural heritage in works such as The Browning of America.
Jaune Quick to See Smith
Like many contemporary sculptors, Martin Puryear, as seen in his Old Mole, seems to be asking questions about:
The symbolism of shape
Modern art was based on:
Rejecting tradition and breaking rules
Barbara Kruger's "Untitled (I Shop Therefore I Am)" illustrates how:
How products define us
The Public Services Building by Michael Graves shows that architects began to synthesize the International Style of architectural modernism with:
Classical Architecture