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Art Appreciation Exam #3 Ch. 9- Ch. 12
Terms in this set (185)
A dark room (or box) with a small hole in one side, through which an inverted image of the view outside is projected onto the opposite wall, screen, or mirror. The image is then traced. This forerunner of the modern camera was a tool for recording an optically accurate image.
First photograph ever (1826)
Joseph Nicéphore Niépce
An early photographic process developed by Louis Daguerre in the 1830s, which required a treated metal plate. This plate was exposed to light, and the chemical reactions on the plate created the first satisfactory photographs.
Le boulevard du temple
Louis Daguerre; know the man getting shoes shined was first human in a photograph
Paul and Virginia
Julia Margaret Cameron
What made photography more popular in the 19th century?
Shorter exposure times, less-toxic technology, and printing on paper.
Which provided the artistic model for photographic portraits?
Established traditions in painting
Why does only one figure appear in Louis-Jaques-Mandé Daguerre's photograph Le Boulevard du Temple?
The image requires a long exposure time.
All of the following led to increased popularity in the nineteenth century except:
The development of POLAROID technology
What technical element accounts for the visible details seen throughout Jane and Louis Wilson's photograph?
The photograph's exposure time
One of the first great portrait photographers was
Julia Margaret Cameron
Who was an early pioneer in the art photography movement?
What does "straight" mean in photography?
Produced with no technical manipulation of the negative
Spring Showers, New York (1901)
Alfred Stieglitz; tonal control because it handles subtle gradations of texture and shade.
Place de l'Europe Behind the Gare St.-Lazare Paris
Henri Cartier-Bresson; capturing the decisive moment
Two Pairs of Legs
Manuel Álvarez Bravo; seeks out jarring surprises in the urban environment; picture: combines billboard and building site
"rayographs"; placing objects on light-sensitive paper and exposing them to sunlight.
Which artist was an important in establishing photography as a fine art in the early twentieth century?
Which process involves placing objects on light-sensative paper and exposing them to sunlight?
Which image did not require a negative to print the final photograph?
Man Ray's Rayograph
What was Henri Cartier-Bresson's primary interest in Place de l'Europe Behind the Gare St.-Lazare, Paris?
To show the play of formal elements
What strategy helped Alfred Stieglitz promote photography as a legitimate art form in the early twentieth century?
He included essays on modern art in Camera Work
Who was an early leader in the use of photography for social change?
Danish-born American Jacob Riis
What did Jacob Riis photograph and publish?
The squalid living and working conditions in poor areas of New York and published them for the world to see
Five Cents a Spot
Jacob Riis; drew public attention that lead to stricter housing codes and improved work safety laws
How the Other Half Lives
Jacob Riis; his most famous book.
The photographic essay (1930s)
A collection of photographs on a single subject arranged to tell a story or convey a mood not possible with one single photograph.
Louisville Flood Victims
Clearing Winter Storm, Yosemite National Park
Ansel Adams; made people aware of the need for conservation of natural environment
Polar Bear Outside Barrow, Alaska
What influential photographic format did Margaret-Bourke White introduce?
The photographic essay
What was the social impact of Jacob Riis's photographs like Five Cents a Spot?
Laws were passed to improve conditions for the poor
Why has photography been useful in influencing social change?
It suggest a living witness to social injustice or concerns
What distinguishes Gary Braasch's Polar Bear Outside Barrow, Alaska from Ansel Adam's Clearing Winter Storm, Yosemite National Park, California?
Braasch shows the ugly effects of destruction
When did the development of color photography begin?
When did the Eastman Kodak Company begin making color film?
Los Alamos Portfolio
William Eggleston; elegant compostions of everyday things
Untitled (Nehi Bottle on Car Hood)
William Eggleston; two cars block out an abstract composition of off-balance diagonals against a paved background darkened by wedges of shadows
Which term applies to William Eggleston's Untitled (Nehi Bottle on Car Hood)?
What was the significance of Eastman's Kodak's invention of Kodachrome film?
It improved the accuracy of color photography
Which factor contributed most to the acceptance of color photography among art photographers?
The exhibition of color photographs at the Museum of Modern Art in 1976
Susan Derges (British Artist)
lays large sheets of photosensitive paper on the bottom of shallow ponds at night, and captures the look of the night sky through the water
Binh Dahn (Vietnamese-Born Artist)
Chlorophyll painting; recording photographs onto plant material
Iridescence of Life
You See I Am Here After All
Zoe Leonard; gathered over four thousand postcards that depict Niagra Falls and hung them in a large array in a gallery installation
That property of a color identifying a specific, named wavelength of light such as green, red, violet, and so on. Often used synonymously with color.
The relative purity or saturation of a hue (color), on a scale from bright (pure) to dull. Varying intensities are achieved by mixing a hue with a neutral or with another hue.
"near-documentary" photographer; creates scenes that seem vividly "real", yet they retain a decidedly stagy quality.
Boy Falls From Tree
Inventor of the polaroid instant camera
Which technical aspect of Binh Danh's Iridescence of Life #7 seems to reinforce its function of memorializing Vietnamese victims?
The long exposure time of the image
Which best describes Susan Derges's experimental approach to photography in works such as Gibbous Moon Cloud?
She places photosensitive paper under water
What distinguishes digital photography from traditional photography?
It does not use film
What most caused the decreased use of chemical photographic negatives near the end of the twentieth century?
The emergence of new digital technology
Jeff Wall describes himself as a "near documentary" photographer because
His realistic images are staged
Which detail of Julia Margaret Cameron's Paul and Virginia most reflects the influence of painting on her photography?
All of these photographs call attention to social and political issues EXCEPT
Henri Cartier-Bresson's Place de l'Europe Behind the Gare St. Lazare, Paris
How did Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre's process differ from that of the early camera obscura?
It was made using a metal plate on which the image was fixed
How does color function in William Eggleston's Untitled (Nehi Bottle on Car Hood)?
It adds to the play of formal elements
How does Manuel Alvarez Bravo's Two Pair of Legs demonstrate the artistic quality of straight photography?
Its formal elements enhance the subject matter
Which contemporary photographer says that his/her use of different processes relates to metaphors for the landscape?
Which of these photographs relies most on the reputation of photography as a vehicle of truth for social impact?
Jacob Riis's Five Cents a Spot
What distinguishes Jeff Wall's Boy Falls From Tree as an example of photography used as an art form?
The large format
What type of photographs are used in Zoe Leonard's You See I Am Here After All?
Commercially produced postcards
Jane and Louis Wilson's The Silence Is Twice as Fast Backwards I demonstrates all of the following EXCEPT
The camera never lies
Oskar Fischinger; nonrepresentational film, composed of dancing and interlocking rings and circles that moved and evolved across the screen, accompanied by dramatic orchestral music.
The art of making motion pictures, referring especially to camera work and photography.
Leland Stanford's bet
Led to a major advance in the advance of cinema
The Horse in Motion
Eadweard Muybridge; zoopraxiscope
Persistence of Vision
An optical illusion that makes cinema possible. The eye and mind tend to hold images in the brain for a fraction of a second after they disappear from view. Quick projection of slightly differing images creates the illusion of movement
Any uninterrupted run of film camera. Shots are compiled into scenes, then into movies
One of the first important film makers. Began his career as a magician. By 1913 he had directed over 500 films, most just a few minutes, and based on the narration of a single character.
Voyage to the Moon
An American director who helped bring the motion picture from its infancy as an amusement to fuller stature as a means of artistic expression. First to use the close-up and long shot
The process by which an editor complies shots into scenes and scenes into a film
Intolerance (the film)
Major film artist in Russia. Famous for use of Montage
1. A composition made up of pictures or parts of pictures previously, drawn, painted, or photographed. 2. In motion pictures, the combination of shots into a rapid sequence to portray the character of a single event through multiple views.
The Battleship Potempkin
Un Chien Andalou
Salvador Dalí and Luis Buñuel
Citizen Kane (1941)
In Hollywood films, c. 1944-1945 a type of black and white cinema focused generally on murder as a plot element, filmed with expressive camera angles and often dark lighting, using wry and cynical dialog.
Edgar G. Ulmer
La Dolce Vita (The Sweet Life)
The Long Goodbye
A sequence of drawings prepared to guide camera shots in motion picture or television picture
Why did Oskar Fischinger create Circles as an advertisement for a public relations firm?
To circumvent Nazi censorship of abstract art
What was the purpose of the Motion Picture Code Authority?
To regulate the moral content of films
Kenneth Anger's Scorpio Rising set the standard for future
What editing technique, developed by George Méliès, is characterized by one scene fading into the next?
Which development in the history of motion picture is most recent?
The wide screen
The electronic transmission of still or moving images with sound by means of cable or wireless broadcast
Video Flag Z
Nam June Paik
What invention first opened the door for video art?
What best characterizes Matthew Berry's Cremaster?
An emphasis on symbolic content
All of the following were early advantages of video except:
It could be easily edited
How does Joan Jonas's Volcano Saga reflect the influence of Salvador Dalí and Luis Buñuel's An Anudalusian Dog
The dreamlike usage of images
Based on your discussion in your text, what distinguishes Doug Aitken's Song I as an example of video art?
The creative intent to alter the space
Lynn Hershman Leeson
Endgame: A Cold War Love Story
Why does Lynn Hershman Leeson's DiNA sound so smart?
Her responses came from the internet
The earliest examples of computer art were
Drawings made with a plotter
What technology is employed by Ted Halpern in Endgame: A Cold War Love Story?
A mobile tablet
What inspired the three-dimensional planetarium in Ridley Scott's Prometheus?
A painting from the seventeenth century
The influence of Oskar Fischinger's colorful, nonrepresentational forms in Circles is most evident in which later work?
Walt Disney's Fantasia
Matthew Barney's CREMASTER cycle is an example of
What process is necessary to create a unified progression of a movie?
What distinguishes digital artworks such as Lynn Hershman Leeson's DiNA and Nova Jiang's Ideogenetic Machine from traditional film and video?
Their interaction with the viewer
Which work seems to rely most on D.W. Griffith's invention of the movable camera?
Orson Welles's Citizen Kane
What optical effect is essential to the visual existence of motion pictures?
The persistence of vision
All of the following works rely on digital technology EXCEPT
Nam June Paik's Video Flag Z
What distinguishes a "blockbuster" film?
Its goals are mass appeal and economic success
All of the following demonstrates how film has closely monitored by those in authority EXCEPT
The Digital Cinema Package used for distribution
Refers to the process of working with words and pictures to enhance visual communication
the art and technique of composing printed material from letterforms (typefaces or fonts)
Short lines with pointed ends, at an angle to the main strokes
You Blow Me Away
An identifying mark, or trademark based on letterforms based on victorian elements
A concise visual announcement that provides information through the integrated design of typographic and pictorial imagery
Matter of Monument
The New Yorker
God Save the Queen
What was Michael Beirut's solution to updating the logo of Saks Fifth Avenue?
Randomly combining sections of the familiar logo
What change did Donald Meeker and his associates implement to design of Interstate freeway signs to make them easier to read?
They altered the existing font
Jamie Reid's God Save the Queen was originally designed for a
What is another term for typefaces?
Silkscreening is commonly used to create
What caused rapid developments in the field of motion graphics in the 1990s?
Advancements in digital editing
What mood is achieved in the layering of music, text, and visual imagery in the title sequence for Se7en?
A haunting and disturbing mood
What element is often added to motion graphics that is not found in other forms of graphic art?
What was considered groundbreaking about Kyle Cooper's title sequence in Se7en?
The subplot that enhanced the script
Bjork; ipad apps
How does interactive design compare to more traditional design disciplines?
The viewer has greater control over the message
How did Bjork employ active design in her 2011 album biophelia?
It came as a set of iPad apps
Which best describes the goal of interactive design?
To visually organize interactive media
Based on the examples in this chapter, product design is concerned with all of the following EXCEPT:
The distinction of form from function
What was a key design advantage of the QR5 wind turbine?
It is quiet
What design element allows the OLPC XO-3 to be used by children in any country?
The graphic icons
Which contemporary design discipline is characterized by the integration of animation, live action, and type?
What was the goal of Michiel Beirut's design in the Saks Fifth Avenue logo?
To give a familiar logo a fresh appearance
What seems to be the primary goal of Craig Wall's You Blow Me Away?
What distinguishes Scott Snibbe's Biophelia Apps from print graphic design?
The interactive relationship with the user
What element of the Colonial Bank logo most links the bank to American traditions?
The image of an eagle
All of the following are advantages of the OLPC XO-3 tablet computer EXCEPT
A voice-activated interface
Karin Fong has been a pioneer in the field of
How does Jamie Reid's design for God Save the Queen reflect the subversive nature of punk subculture?
Its combination of text and image
What type of graphic design relies on a single symbol to communicate a message or identify into a symbol?
What is currently the principal vehicle used for the emerging field of interactive design?
Handheld tablet devices
Any piece or type of sculpture that is meant to be seen from all sides
A printmaking technique in which the parts of the printing surface that carry ink are left raised, while the remaining areas (negative spaces) are cut away. Woodcuts and linoleum prints (linocuts) are relief prints.
Low Relief (Bas-Relief)
Sculpture in relief in which the subjects emerge only slightly from the surface. Also called Bas-Relief. No undercutting is present.
Sculpture in which more than half of a significant portion of the subject emerges from the background. High-relief sculpture thus requires undercutting, in contrast to low relief.
Corporate Wars: Walls of Influence
Working pliable material such as clay or wax into three-dimensional forms
Sculptural form produced by adding, combining, or building up material from a core or (in some cases) an armature. Modeling in clay and welding steel are additive processes.
An art style in which the curves and contours of a subject are accurately portrayed.
A rigid framework serving as a supporting inner core for clay and other soft sculpting material
A substitution process that involves pouring liquid material such as molten metal, clay, wax, or plaster into a mold. When the liquid hardens, the mold is removed, and a form in the shape of the mold is left.
The process of making a work of art by casting, as opposed to additive or subtractive processes.
Period in Europe from the late fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries, which was characterized by a renewed interest in human-centered classical art, literature, and learning. See also humanism.
A cavity created out of plaster, clay, metal, or plastic for use in casting.
A casting method. First, a model is made from wax and encased in clay or casting plaster. When the clay is fired to make a mold, the wax melts away, leaving a void that can be filled with molten metal or other self- hardening liquid to produce a cast.
A subtractive process in which a sculpture is formed by removing material from a block or mass of wood, stone, or other material, with the use of sharpened tools.
Sculpture made by removing material from a larger block or form.
A circular, often dome-shaped, decoration that protrudes from a flat surface.
Creating a work of sculpture by putting together pieces that are already formed by the artist.
Because of the difficulty in correcting errors, which method does the textbook posit as most challenging?
Charles Ray's Father Figure is based on a cast
What element of Viola Frey's Stubborn Women, Orange Hands offers the viewer insight into the artist's technique?
The visible seams between sculptural parts
What material used in Michaelangelo's Awakening Slave was traditionally favored for outdoor sculpture in the West?
Why is jade usually carved by grinding or filing its surface?
It is very brittle
A type of sculpture in which parts move, usually suspended parts activated by air currents. See also kinetic art.
Works of art made with more than one medium
Why are Alexander Calder's sculptures called mobiles?
Their suspended parts move in response to air currents
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