Modern World History Unit 6
Terms in this set (24)
in Marxist theory, the group of workers who would overthrow the czar and come to rule Russia
a group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of the Russian government in November 1917
one of the local representatives councils formed in Russia after the downfall of czar Nicholas II
the nationalist party that pushed for modernization and nationalism in China
a hazardous 6,000-mile-long journey undertaken by the communist forces after the nationalists surrounded them, resulting in the deaths of thousnads
militant political movement that emphasized loyalty to the state and obedience to its leaders
Nazis attacked Jews in their homes and on the streets and destroyed thousands of Jewish-owned builldings
the making of concessions to an aggressors in order to avoid conflict
in World War II the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan which formed an alliance in 1930
a policy of avoiding political or military involvement with other countries
What were the immediate results of the November 1917 Bolshevik Revolution?
The results were that the provisional government under Alexander Kerensky was overthrown by Vladimir Lenin and his Bolshevik followers who then took power to themselves alone rather than sharing. Russian civil war broke out
Name the four methods of control used by totalitarian governments, and describe and example of how Stalin used it.
The four methods were indoctrination, police terror, religious persecution, and propaganda/censorship. induction is the governments belief and they molded young minds to instill the belief. Police terror is terror and violence to crush opposition and police used tanks and army cars to enforce. Religious persecution war targeting all religions and replacing them with communism. propaganda and censorship was everything that was in the public view was only propaganda
Why did China want to participate in World War I, and what was the outcome?
China wanted to participate in World War I because they they were going to be given land but in reality nothing occurred for them
What ideas did most fascists share?
Preached extreme form of nationalism, nations must struggle, pledged loyalty to an authoritarian leader who guided and brought order to state
Why was the Munich Conference unsuccessful?
They gave Hitler land to avoid war with him but them World War II came anyway
Founded the fascist party in Italy in 1919; became its totalitarian dictator
A self described "holy man;" befriended Czarina Alexandra and was allowed to make key political decisions; opposed reform measures and obtained powerful positions for his friends; was murdered by a group of nobles
Bolshevik leader who controlled Russia from 1917 to 1924
Became president of the new Republic of China in 1912; hoped to establish a modem government based of "Three Principles of the People:" nationalism, people's rights, and people's livelihood
One of the founders of the Chinese Communism Party; believed he could bring revolution to a rural country where the peasants could be the true revolutionaries
Headed the Kuomintang after Sun Yixian; feared that Communists' goal of creating a socialist economy modeled after the Soviet Union
A general secretary of the Communist Party during Lenin's rule; was in total command of the Communist Party by 1928
German totalitarian dictator who developed a brand of fascism known as Nazism
A Spanish general who defeated government forces to become Spain's first fascist dictator in 1938
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