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504 terms

oxford 3000

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abandon
› to leave a place, thing or person forever
離棄;放棄;拋棄;遺棄
abuse
› to use or treat someone or something wrongly or badly, especially in a way that is to your own advantage
(尤指為個人私利而)虐待,傷害,濫用,妄用
absorb
› to take something in, especially gradually(尤指逐漸)吸收
accent
› the way in which people in a particular area, country or social group pronounce words 口音,腔調;土音
access
› the method or possibility of getting near to a place or person, or the right to use or look at something
通道;使用途徑;(接近某地或某人的)機會(或方法);(使用某物的)權利
accuse
› to say that someone has done something morally wrong, illegal or unkind 指控,控告;指責;譴責
acid
e.g. Vinegar is an acid. 醋是一種酸。
acknowledge
› to accept, admit or recognize something, or the truth or existence of something 承認,認可...屬實或存在
activist
› a person who believes strongly in political or social change and works hard to try and make this happen
激進主義分子,行動主義分子;積極分子
adapt
› to change something to suit different conditions or uses
使適應不同情況(或用途);改動;改造;改裝;改編
in addition (to)
› as well (as) 除...之外還
e.g. In addition to his flat in London, he has a villa in Italy and a castle in Scotland.
adequate
› enough or satisfactory for a particular purpose
足夠的;合格的;合乎需要的
adjust
› to change something slightly, especially to make it more correct, effective, or suitable(尤指為了使某物更正確、有效或合適而)調整,調節
admiration
› when you admire someone or something
欽佩;羨慕;讚賞;欣賞
admire
› to respect and approve of someone or their behaviour, or to find someone or something attractive and pleasant to look at 欽佩;羨慕;讚賞;欣賞
admit
› to agree that something is true, especially unwillingly
(尤指不情願地)承認,供認,招認
adopt
› to take another person's child into your own family and legally look after him or her as your own child 收養;領養
advance
› to go or move something forward, or to develop or improve something(使)前進;使進步,使進展;使發展;促進
adventure
› an unusual, exciting and possibly dangerous activity such as a journey or experience, or the excitement produced by such an activity 冒險,歷險;奇遇;刺激
affection
› a feeling of liking for a person or place 喜愛;鍾愛;摯愛

› affections [plural] :
feelings of liking or love鍾愛之情,愛慕;愛情

› win sb's affections
to succeed in persuading someone to love you 贏得(某人的)愛
afterward
› after the time mentioned; later 過後,以後,後來

e.g. We had tea, and afterwards we sat in the garden for a while.
aged
› old people when considered as a group 老年人
agenda
› a list of matters to be discussed at a meeting
議事日程;(會議的)議程
aid
e.g. She went to the aid of a man trapped in his car.
她去幫助一個困在車中的男子。

e.g. A woman in the street saw that he was in trouble and came to his aid.(就過去幫他)
alarming
› causing worry or fear 使人驚恐的;令人擔憂的

e.g. There has been an alarming rise in the rate of inflation.
通貨膨脹加劇的速度驚人。
ally
› a country that has agreed officially to give help and support to another one, especially during a war
(尤指戰時的)同盟國,盟友

e.g. North Korea is one of China's staunchest allies.
朝鮮是中國最忠實的盟友之一
alongside
› next to, or together with 在...旁邊;與...一起

e.g. The new pill will be used alongside existing medicines.
這種新藥將配合現有藥物一起服用。
alphabet
› a set of letters arranged in a fixed order which is used for writing a language 字母表
alter
› to change something, usually slightly, or to cause the characteristics of something to change
(通常指輕微地)改動,修改;改變,(使)變化

› [T] to change the size of clothes so that they fit better
altogether
› completely or in total 完全,全然;總共,一共

e.g. She wrote less and less often, and eventually she stopped altogether. 她動筆的次數越來越少,最後完全停筆了。
ambition
› a strong wish to be successful, powerful, rich, etc.
抱負;志向;雄心;野心
ambulance
› a special vehicle used to take ill or injured people to hospital 救護車
amuse
› to entertain someone, especially by humorous speech or action or by making someone laugh or smile
(尤指短暫地)使開心,給...提供消遣(或娛樂)
ancient
e.g. ancient civilizations/rights/laws
古代文明/自古有之的權利/古代法律
e.g. ancient monuments/ruins/woodlands
古碑/古代遺跡/古老的林地
ankle
› 踝關節;踝
anniversary
› the day on which an important event happened in a previous year 周年紀念;周年紀念日
anxious
› worried and nervous 焦慮的,不安的,擔心的
apart
› separated by a distance or, less commonly, by time
(指空間或時間)相隔,相距
› apart from
except for or not considering 除了;不考慮,不算;此外
e.g. Apart from you and me/You and me apart, I don't think there was anyone there under thirty.除了你我二人,我想當時那裡沒有誰年齡在30以下了。
apparent
› able to be seen or understood
清晰可見的;顯而易見的;明白易懂的
e.g. I was on the metro this morning when for no apparent reason the man opposite suddenly screamed.
appeal
› when a lot of people are asked to give money, information or help 呼籲,籲請,求助

e.g. The police have issued an appeal to the public to stay away from the centre of town at the weekend.
警方呼籲公眾在週末遠離市中心。
appear
› to become noticeable or to be present 出現;呈現;顯現
appoint
› to choose someone officially for a job or responsibility
任命;委任
e.g. We've appointed three new teachers this year.
approval
› official permission 批准,核准;認可
e.g. The project has now received approval from the government.
army
› a particular country's fighting force(某國的)陸軍,軍隊
arrest
e.g. He was arrested when customs officers found drugs in his bag.
e.g The police arrested her for drinking and driving.
arrow
› (指示方向的)箭號,箭頭
e.g. I followed the arrows to the car park.我順著箭頭所指方向開到了停車場。
artificial
› made by people, often as a copy of something natural
人造的,人工的;仿造的›
artist
› someone who paints, draws or makes sculptures
藝術家;美術家;畫家;雕塑家
› artistic (adj)
ashamed
› feeling guilty or embarrassed about something you have done or a quality in your character
羞恥的,羞愧的;不好意思的,難為情的
asleep
› fell asleep (= I started to sleep) as soon as my head hit the pillow. 我頭一放在枕頭上,就睡著了
assistance
› help幫助;協助;援助
› assistant›助手;幫手;助理
associate
› to connect someone or something in your mind with someone or something else將...(與...)聯繫起來,把...聯繫在一起
e.g. Most people associate this brand with good quality.大多數人把這個品牌和優良品質聯繫在一起。
association
› a group of people who work together in a single organization for a particular purpose
協會;社團;聯盟.
e.g.The Football Association足球協會
atmosphere
› the mixture of gases around the Earth(包圍地球的)大氣,大氣層,大氣圈
e.g.These factories are releasing toxic gases into the atmosphere. 這些工廠向大氣中排放有毒氣體。

› the character, feeling or mood of a place or situation
氣氛;環境
atom
› 原子
e.g. A molecule of carbon dioxide (CO2) has one carbon atom and two oxygen atoms.二氧化碳(CO2)分子是由一個碳原子和兩個氧原子構成的。
attach
› to fasten, join or connect; to place or fix in position
繫,綁;連接;使附着;附上;固定
attack
› to try to hurt or defeat using violence
襲擊;毆打;攻擊;進攻
attorney
› US for lawyer 律師
› a defense attorney 辯護律師
author
› the writer of a book, article, play, etc.作者,作家;著者
awkward
› difficult to use, do, or deal with難用的;棘手的;難處理的,難對付的

› causing problems, worry or embarrassment令人尷尬的

e.g. an awkward position/situation令人尷尬的位置/局面
There followed an awkward silence while we all tried to think of something to say. 然後是一段令人尷尬的沉默,我們都絞盡腦汁地想說點甚麼的。
bandage
› to tie a bandage around an injury or part of someone's body, or put bandages on someone or something
用繃帶包紮(傷口或某人的身體部位)
barely
› by the smallest amount; almost not 僅;剛好;幾乎沒有

e.g.They have barely enough (= no more than what is needed) to pay the rent this month. 他們這個月差一點就付不起房租了
battle
› a fight between armed forces 戰鬥,戰役,戰爭

› an argument between two groups or against a situation that a group wants to change 爭論;鬥爭
e.g.The battle for women's rights still goes on. 爭取婦女權利的鬥爭還在繼續進行。
beak
› the hard pointed part of a bird's mouth(鳥類的)嘴,喙
e.g.Birds use their beaks to pick up food. 鳥用嘴叼食。
beard
› the hair that some men allow to grow on the lower part of their face(下巴上的)鬍鬚
e.g.He's growing a beard. 他在留鬍子。

› the long hair that grows under a goat's mouth 山羊鬍
beat
› to defeat or do better than 打敗,戰勝

› in music, a regular emphasis, or a place in the music where such an emphasis is expected(音樂的)節拍,拍子
behalf
on behalf of sb ( also on sb's behalf)
› representing; instead of 代表(某人)
e.g.On behalf of the entire company, I would like to thank you for all your work.我代表全公司對你的工作表示感謝。
belong
› to be in the right or suitable place應在...(地方)
e.g.This table belongs in the sitting-room.
這張桌子應該放在客廳裡
bend
› to (cause to) curve(使)彎曲
e.g.I bent down and picked up the coins lying on the road.
我彎腰撿起路上的硬幣。

› to unwillingly accept the opinions or decisions of other people 屈服
e.g.The local council was forced to bend to public pressure.
地方政務委員會被迫屈服於公眾的壓力。
beyond
› further away in the distance (than something)
在...較遠的一邊;遠於
e.g.In the distance, beyond the river, was a small town.
在河對岸的遠處有一座小鎮。

› outside or after (a stated limit)(範圍)超出;除...之外
e.g.Few people live beyond the age of a hundred.
很少有人活過100歲。
bid
› to offer a particular amount of money for something which is for sale and compete against other people to buy it, especially at a public sale of goods or property(尤指在拍賣中)出價,喊價競買

e.g.A foreign collector has bid £500 000 for the portrait.
一位外國收藏家出價50萬英鎊,買下了這幅畫像。
give birth (to)
› When a woman or female animal gives birth, she produces a baby from her body分娩;生孩子
e.g.She gave birth to twins.她生了一對雙胞胎。
bite
› to use your teeth to cut into something or someone 咬;叮;螫

› When a fish bites, it swallows the food on the hook (= curved piece of wire) at the end of a fishing line(魚)上鈎,上釣,吞餌
blade
› the flat part on a knife or similar tool or weapon, with a very thin edge used for cutting 刀身;刀片;刀刃

› an attractive and confident young man有吸引力、自信的年輕男子
e.g. a dashing young blade 一個精神抖擻,瀟灑自若的年輕人
blame
› to say or think that someone or something did something wrong or is responsible for something bad happening
責備;責怪;歸咎於

› be to blame
to be the reason for something that happens 是...的原因
e.g. The hot weather is partly to blame for the water shortage.炎熱的天氣是缺水的原因之一。
blankly
e.g. He just stared blankly at me. 他只是茫然地看着我。
blonde
› with pale yellow or gold hair 有淺黃色(或金色)頭髮的
board
› a thin flat piece of cut wood or other hard material used for a particular purpose(有特定用途的)薄木板;板;牌子
e.g. a chess board 國際象棋棋盤; a blackboard or whiteboard 黑板或白板; a noticeboard 佈告板
bomb
› a weapon that explodes and is used to kill or hurt people or to damage buildings 炸彈;爆炸裝置
e.g. The terrorists had planted a bomb near the police station. 恐怖分子在警察局附近設置了一枚炸彈。

› something which has failed 失敗的東西
e.g. The play was a real bomb. 這部戲徹底演砸了。
bond
› a close connection joining two or more people (親近的)聯繫,關係
e.g. the bond(s) of friendship/love 友誼/戀愛關係
bone
› any of the hard parts inside a human or animal that make up its frame 骨,骨頭
e.g. The child was so thin that you could see her bones.
這孩子瘦得可憐,都能看見她的骨頭。
border
› the line that divides one country from another 國境;邊界,邊境
e.g. The train crosses the border between France and Spain. 火車穿過法國和西班牙之間的邊界。
bound to
› having a moral or legal duty to do something
受束縛的,受約束的;(法律或道德上)有義務的
e.g. The company is bound by a special agreement to involve the union in important decisions. 公司受一項特殊協定的約束,須請工會參與重大決策。

› [after verb] certain or extremely likely to happen
肯定的;極有可能的;必然的;註定了的
breath
› 口氣
e.g. Her breath smelled of garlic. 她的嘴裡有大蒜味。
breathe
› to move air into and out of the lungs 呼吸
breed
› (of animals) to have sex and reproduce(動物)交配繁殖
e.g.The blackbird, like most birds, breeds in the spring.
畫眉和大多數鳥一様是在春天繁殖。

› to keep animals for the purpose of producing young animals in a controlled way (為繁殖目的)飼養
e.g.His main income comes from breeding cattle. 他的主要收入來自養牛。
brick
› a rectangular block of hard material used for building walls and houses 磚
e.g. The chimney was made of bricks. 煙囪是用磚砌的。

› a very helpful and kind person who can be trusted
好心人;可靠的人
e.g. Thanks for bringing all that food along to the party, Tony, you're a brick! 東尼,謝謝你帶那些食物來參加聚會,你真是個好心人!
bright
› full of light, shining 光明的,明亮的
› strong in colour(顔色)鮮艶的,鮮亮的
› (of a person) clever and quick to learn(人)聰明的
broad
› very wide 寬廣的
e.g. We walked down a broad avenue lined with trees. 我們走在林蔭大道上。

› including a wide range of things; general 廣泛的,普遍的
e.g.The politician gave a broad outline of his proposals.
那位政界人士大致説了一下他的動議要點。
broadcast
› to send out a programme on television or radio
廣播(電視或無線電節目);播送
brown
› (of) the colour of chocolate or soil 棕色(的),褐色(的)
bubble
› a ball of air in a liquid, or a delicate hollow sphere floating on top of a liquid or in the air 泡;氣泡;泡沫

› Japan's economic bubble 日本的經濟泡沫
bullet
› a small, metal object that is shot from a gun 子彈
e.g. A bullet had lodged in the boy's leg. 一顆子彈嵌進了男孩的腿裡。
bunch
› a number of things of the same type fastened together or in a close group 串,束,紮

bunches [plural] UK
› If a girl has her hair in bunches, it is tied together in two parts with one at each side of her head.(紮在頭兩側的)小辮
burst
› to break open or apart suddenly, or to make something do this(使)迸裂,(使)爆炸
e.g. Balloons make me nervous - I hate it when they burst.
氣球令我感到緊張——我討厭它們突然爆破。

e.g.a burst in the water pipe 水管爆裂
bury
› to put a dead body into the ground, or to put something into a hole in the ground and cover it 埋;埋葬,安葬

e.g.His father is buried in the cemetery on the hill.他的父親葬在山上的墓地裡。
bush
› a plant with many small branches growing either directly from the ground or from a hard woody stem, giving the plant a rounded shape灌木
e.g. a rose bush 玫瑰叢

› a large amount of hair 濃密的頭髮
butt
› the part of a finished cigarette that has not been smoked
煙蒂,煙頭

› slang for bottom 臀部,屁股
e.g. She told him to get off his butt and do something useful. 她叫他行動起來,幹點有用的事。
cabinet
› a piece of furniture with shelves, cupboards, or drawers, which is used for storing or showing things貯藏櫃;櫥櫃

› a small group of the most important people elected to government, who make the main decisions about what should happen 內閣
e.g. The Cabinet meet/meets every Thursday. 內閣成員每週四開會。
campaign
› a planned group of especially political, business or military activities which are intended to achieve a particular aim (尤指政治、商業或軍事的)運動

e.g.The protests were part of their campaign against the proposed building development in the area.
抗議是他們反對擬在該地區進行房地產開發的運動的一部分。
cancer
› He died of liver cancer. 他死於肝癌。
› cancer of the cervix/stomach 子宮頸/胃癌
› breast/bowel/lung cancer 乳/腸/肺癌
› cancer cells 癌細胞
› a cancer patient 癌症患者
› It was a secondary cancer. 這是繼發癌症。
capable
› able to do things effectively and skilfully, and to achieve results 有能力的;熟練的;能幹的
e.g. She's a very capable woman/worker/judge.
她是個很能幹的女人/很熟練的工人/能力很強的法官。
capacity
› the total amount that can be contained or produced, or (especially of a person or organization) the ability to do a particular thing 容積,容量;生產能力;(尤指某人或某組織的)辦事能力
e.g. The stadium has a seating capacity of 50 000.
這個體育場能容納五萬人。
carrot
› a long pointed orange root eaten as a vegetable
胡蘿蔔
cast
› to choose actors to play particular parts in a play, film or show 挑選...扮演
castle
› a large strong building, built in the past by a ruler or important person to protect the people inside from attack
城堡;堡壘
category
› (in a system for dividing things according to appearance, quality, etc.) a type, or a group of things having some features that are the same 種類,類別,範疇
cease
› to stop something 停止,中止
centimeter
c.m.
century
› a period of 100 years 一百年
e.g. The city centre has scarcely changed in over a century.
一百多年來市中心幾乎沒有變化。
ceremony
› (a set of) formal acts, often fixed and traditional, performed on important social or religious occasions
典禮;儀式
e.g. a wedding/graduation ceremony 結婚/畢業典禮
chamber
› [C] formal a room used for a special or official purpose, or a group of people who form (part of) a parliament
(用於特定用途或官方用途的)房間,室,廳;議院
e.g. Meetings of the council are held in the council chamber.委員會的會議在會議廳舉行。

› a room in a house, especially a bedroom房間;(尤指)臥室
cheat
› to behave in a dishonest way in order to get what you want 欺騙,行騙;作弊
cheek
› the soft part of your face which is below your eye and between your mouth and ear 臉頰,面頰,臉蛋

e.g. He embraced her, kissing her on both cheeks.
他擁抱她,親吻她的雙頰。
chemical
› any basic substance which is used in or produced by a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules
化學品;化學製品

e.g. Each year, factories release millions of tonnes of toxic (= poisonous) chemicals into the atmosphere.
每年,工廠將數百萬噸的有毒化學物品排放到大氣中
chemistry
› (the part of science which studies) the basic characteristics of substances and the different ways in which they react or combine with other substances
化學;化學性質,化學特性

› when two people understand and are attracted to each other(兩人間的)理解和吸引;相互吸引
e.g. There was an immediate sexual chemistry between us the first time we met. 我們兩性相吸,初次見面就擦出了火花。
chest
› the upper front part of the body of humans and some animals, between the stomach and the neck, containing the heart and lungs 胸膛,胸部;胸腔

› a large strong box, usually made of wood, which is used for storing valuable goods or possessions or for moving possessions from one place to another (常為木製的)箱子,櫃子,盒子
e.g. Her books and clothes were packed into chests and shipped across to Canada. 她的書和衣服都打包裝箱運到加拿大去了。
cigarette
› a small paper tube filled with cut pieces of tobacco, which people smoke 香煙,紙煙
civil
› not military or religious, or relating to the ordinary people of a country 文職的;民用的;平民的,國民的
e.g. Helicopters are mainly used for military rather than civil use. 直升機主要用於軍事而非民用。

› relating to private arguments between people or organizations rather than criminal matters 民事的
climate
› the general weather conditions usually found in a particular place 氣候

e.g. a hot/dry/harsh climate 炎熱/乾燥/惡劣的氣候
closet
› to put yourself in a place, especially a closed space, and stay there 關,藏,封閉
e.g. Two weeks before my exams I closeted myself (away) in my room with my books and I didn't speak to anyone.
考試前兩星期,我把自己關在房裡讀書,不跟任何人說話。

› (n)a cupboard or a small room with a door, used for storing things, especially clothes(尤指放衣服的)壁櫥,壁櫃,儲藏室

› (adj) describes a belief, activity or feeling which is kept secret from the public, usually because you are frightened of the results of it becoming known 私下的,秘密的,不公開的
e.g. a closet alcoholic/homosexual不願承認是酗酒者/同性戀的人
cloth
› (a type of) woven material 布,布料
e.g. a piece/length of cloth 一塊布料
e.g. a washing-up cloth 一塊洗碗布
coal
› a hard, black substance which is dug from the earth in pieces, and can be burnt to produce heat or power, or a single piece of this 煤
coast
› the land next to or close to the sea 海岸;沿海地區
e.g. We spent a week by/on the coast (= by the sea).
我們在海濱渡過了一個星期。
coat
› an outer piece of clothing with sleeves which is worn over other clothes, usually for warmth(通常指保暖的)外套,大衣
collapse
› to fall down suddenly because of pressure or having no strength or support(由於壓力、無力或缺乏支持而)倒塌,崩潰,垮

› If someone collapses, they fall down because they are ill or weak(因疾病或虛弱而)倒下,昏倒
e.g. He collapsed and died of a heart attack.
comedy
› a (type of) film, play or book which is intentionally funny either in its characters or its action 喜劇;喜劇片
command
› [C] an order, especially one given by a soldier
(尤指軍人發出的)命令,指示
e.g. You will run forward at (= when you hear) my command.
聽到我的命令你們就向前衝。
complex
complicate
concrete
› a very hard building material made by mixing together cement, sand, small stones and water 混凝土 (n)

› clear and certain, or real and existing in a form that can be seen or felt 確定的;確實的;具體的;有形的;實在的(adj)
confront
› to face, meet or deal with a difficult situation or person
面對,面臨;遭遇;直面,正視
confusion
› [C or U] when people do not understand what is happening, what they should do or who someone or something is 困惑,糊塗;迷惑不解;混淆(n)
conscious
› to notice that a particular thing or person exists or is present 意識到;察覺到;感覺到
conservative
› often not liking or trusting change, especially sudden change 保守的;守舊的
e.g. a conservative society/outlook 保守的社會/觀念
consistent
› always behaving or happening in a similar, especially positive, way 一貫的;堅持的;始終如一的
e.g. There has been a consistent improvement in her attitude. 她的態度一直在改進。
consist of
› to be made of or formed from something
由...組成,由...構成;包含
construct
› to build something or put together different parts to form something whole 建造;構築;構成,組成
contain
› to have something inside or include something as a part
包含;容納;盛 e.g. container
contemporary
› existing or happening now 當代的;現代的
contest
› a competition to do better than other people, usually in which prizes are given 比賽;競賽
content
contents [plural]
› the list of articles or parts contained in a magazine or book, with the number of the page they begin on
(雜誌或書的)目錄

contents [plural]
› everything that is contained within something
所含之物;容納的東西;內容
context
› the text or speech that comes immediately before and after a particular phrase or piece of text and helps to explain its meaning 上下文;語境
continent
› one of the seven large land masses on the Earth's surface, surrounded, or mainly surrounded, by sea and usually consisting of various countries 洲,大洲,大陸
e.g. the North American continent 北美大陸
convention
› (an example of) a usual or accepted way of behaving, especially in social situations, often following an old way of thinking or a custom in one particular society
傳統;(尤指社會)習俗;常規;慣例
convert
› to (cause something or someone to) change in form, character, or opinion(使)改變,(使)轉變;(使)改信;(使)皈依
convince
› to persuade someone or make them certain
說服;使相信;使信服
cope (with)
› to deal successfully with a difficult situation
(成功地)對付,應付,處理
corner
› the point, area or line which is formed by the meeting of two lines, surfaces, roads, etc. 角;角落;拐角處;牆角
cottage
› a small house, usually in the countryside
(通常指鄉村中的)小屋,村舍
cough
› to force air out of your lungs through your throat with a short loud sound 咳,咳嗽
congress
› a large formal meeting of representatives from countries or societies at which ideas are discussed and information is exchanged 代表大會
chief
› most important or main 首要的;最重要的;最主要的
e.g. The chief problem we have in the area now is the spread of disease. 目前我們在這個地區面臨的首要問題是疾病的蔓延。
character
› [C or U] the particular combination of qualities in a person or place that makes them different from others
性格,個性;特徵
congratulation
› something that you say when you want to congratulate someone 祝賀(你),恭喜(你)
comparison
› when two or more people or things are compared
比較,對照,對比
courage
› the ability to control your fear in a dangerous or difficult situation 勇氣,膽量;勇敢
crack
› [I or T] to break something so that it does not separate, but very thin lines appear on its surface, or to become broken in this way(使)破裂;(使)裂開;(使)産生裂紋
e.g. A stone hit the window and cracked the glass.
石塊擊中窗戶,打裂了玻璃。
craft
› (a job or activity needing) skill and experience, especially in relation to making objects(尤指製作東西的)工藝,手藝;技術
e.g. the craft of furniture making/boat building/glass blowing 傢俱製作/造船/玻璃吹製工藝
crash
› to have an accident, especially one which damages a vehicle 撞(車);撞毀,撞壞;墜毀
creature
› any large or small living thing which can move independently; an animal 生物;動物
e.g. Rain forests are filled with amazing creatures.
雨林中滿是奇異的生靈。
crisis
› [C or U] a situation that has reached an extremely difficult or dangerous point; a time of great disagreement, uncertainty or suffering 危機;緊要關頭,危急時刻
crisp
› hard enough to be broken easily 脆的;易碎的

› describes cooked foods, such as pastry and biscuits, that are well cooked so that they are just dry and hard enough
(糕點、餅乾等食物)酥脆的
criterion
› a standard by which you judge, decide about or deal with something(作出評判、決定或處理的)標準,準則 (n)
critic
› someone who says that they do not approve of someone or something 批評者,反對者
critical
› saying that someone or something is bad or wrong
批評的;批判的;挑剔的,吹毛求疵的 (adj)
criticism
› when you say that something or someone is bad; disapproval 批評,批判;指責,反對 (n)
criticise
› [ often passive] to express disapproval of someone or something 批評,批判;指責

› to give an opinion or judgment about a book, film, etc. 評論,評判(書、影片等)
crop
› (the total amount collected of) a plant such as a grain, fruit or vegetable grown in large amounts
莊稼,作物;收成,收穫量
crucial
› extremely important or necessary
至關重要的;關鍵的;決定性的
cruel
› extremely unkind and unpleasant and causing pain to people or animals intentionally 殘忍的;殘酷的;刻毒傷人的
e.g. Don't tease him about his weight - it's cruel.
別拿他的體重開玩笑——這樣太刻薄了。
crush
› to press something very hard so that it is broken or its shape is destroyed 壓扁;壓壞;壓碎
e.g. The package had been badly crushed in the post.
包裹在郵寄過程中被壓而嚴重受損。
cupboard
› a piece of furniture or a small part of a room with a door or doors behind which there is space for storing things, usually on shelves 櫥櫃;壁櫥;壁櫃
e.g. a kitchen cupboard 廚房碗櫃
cure
› to make someone with an illness healthy again 治癒,治好
e.g. At one time the doctors couldn't cure TB/cure people of TB.曾經有一段時期,醫生無法治癒肺結核/肺結核病人。

› to solve a problem解決(問題)
curl
› a piece of hair which grows or has been formed into a curving shape, or something that is the same shape as this
鬈髮;捲曲物,螺旋狀物
e.g. Her hair fell in curls over her shoulders.
她的頭髮捲曲著垂在肩上。
curtain
› a piece of material, especially cloth, which hangs across a window or opening to make a room or part of a room dark or private (尤指布質的)簾,窗簾,門簾
curve
› a line which bends continuously and has no straight parts
曲線,弧線;轉彎
damp
› slightly wet, especially in a way that is not pleasant or comfortable 潮濕的,濕淋淋的
e.g. This shirt still feels a bit damp.
這件襯衫摸上去還有點濕的。
deaf
› unable to hear, either completely or partly
耳聾的,聽不見的,失聰的
debate
› (a) serious discussion of a subject in which many people take part 談論,討論;爭論,辯論
e.g. Education is the current focus of public debate.
教育是目前大眾談論的焦點。
decay
› to (cause something to) become gradually damaged, worse or less 腐蝕;(使)衰敗,(使)衰弱
e.g. Sugar makes your teeth decay. 糖能引起蛀牙。
decent
› socially acceptable or good
正派的;體面的,正經的;像樣的,相當不錯的
defeat
› to win a victory over someone in a fight, war or competition 擊敗,打敗,戰勝
defence
› (a) protection or support against attack, criticism or infection 保護,防護;防禦;辯護(n)
defend
› to protect someone or something against attack or criticism 保護,防衛;為...辯護 (v)
declare
› to announce something clearly, firmly, publicly or officially 宣佈;聲明;公佈
decorate
› [T] to add something to an object or place, especially in order to make it more attractive 裝飾,裝扮,打扮
deliberate
› (often of something bad) intentional or planned
(常指壞事)有意的,故意的,蓄意的
e.g. a deliberate attack/insult/lie 蓄意攻擊/侮辱/說謊
delicate
› needing careful treatment, especially because easily damaged 脆弱的;嬌嫩的 (adj)
e.g. Peaches have delicate skins which are easily bruised.
桃子的表皮很嬌嫩,容易碰傷。
delight
› (something or someone that gives) great pleasure, satisfaction or happiness 欣喜;滿足;愜意
e.g. My sister's little boy is a real delight.
我姐姐的小兒子很討人喜歡。
democracy
› [U] the belief in freedom and equality between people, or a system of government based on this belief, in which power is either held by elected representatives or directly by the people themselves 民主;民主思想;民主政體

e.g. The government has promised to uphold the principles of democracy. 政府承諾將堅守民主原則。

› democratic(adj)
demonstrate
› to show; to make clear 顯示;表明

› to make a public expression that you are not satisfied about something, especially by marching or having a meeting 示威,遊行
e.g. Thousands of people gathered to demonstrate against the new proposals.
數千人聚集在一起示威,抗議這些新提案
deny
› to say that something is not true 否認,否定
e.g. He will not confirm or deny the allegations(指責,指控).
他既不肯定也不否認那些說法。
derive
› to get something from something else
從...中得到,從...中獲得
e.g. The institute derives all its money from foreign investments. 該機構的資金均來自海外投資。
desperate
› very serious or bad 非常嚴重的,非常糟糕的
e.g. desperate poverty赤貧

› feeling that you have no hope and are ready to do anything to change the bad situation you are in
(因絕望而)拼命的,不顧一切的
e.g. The doctors made one last desperate attempt/effort to save the boy's life.
醫生們為挽救男孩的生命作了最後一次努力。
despite
› without taking any notice of or being influenced by; not prevented by 不管;儘管;無論
e.g. I still enjoyed the week despite the weather.
不管天氣如何,這一周我過得還是很愉快的。
destroy
› to damage something so badly that it does not exist or cannot be used 毀壞,摧毀,毀滅
e.g. Most of the old part of the city was destroyed by bombs during the war. 該城的大部分老城區都在戰爭中被炸毀了。
destruction
› when something is destroyed 毀滅,消滅,破壞
e.g. Many people are very concerned about the destruction of the rainforests. 許多人都非常關注雨林遭破壞的問題。
determination
› the ability to continue trying to do something, although it is very difficult 決心,毅力
e.g. a man of fierce/ruthless determination很有毅力/痛下決心的人
dialogue
› (a) conversation which is written for a book, play or film
對話,對白
e.g.The play contained some very snappy/witty dialogue.
這齣戲裡有一些非常俏皮/風趣的對白。
dig
› [I or T] to break up and move soil using a tool, a machine or your hands 挖,挖掘(土)
e.g. Digging (in) the garden is good exercise.
在花園裡挖土是一種很好的鍛煉。
disaster
› (an event which results in) great harm, damage or death, or serious difficulty 災難,大禍
e.g. It would be a disaster for me if I lost my job.
對我而言,如果丟了工作那將是一場災難。
disease
› [C or U] (an) illness of people, animals, plants, etc., caused by infection or a failure of health rather than by an accident 病,疾病
disgust
› a strong feeling of disapproval and dislike at a situation or person's behaviour, etc. 厭惡,憎惡,反感
e.g. She walked out in disgust. 她厭惡地走了出去。
dish
› [C] a container, flatter than a bowl and sometimes with a lid, from which food can be served or which can be used for cooking 碟子,盤子
disk
› a flat circular device, usually inside a square container, which has a magnetic covering and is used for storing computer information (電腦)磁碟,光盤,光碟
dismiss
› to remove someone from their job, especially because they have done something wrong
(尤指因做錯事)使免職,將...解職,解僱
e.g. He has been dismissed from his job for incompetence.
他因無法勝任工作而被解職。

› to formally ask or order someone to leave
遣散;解散

› to put thought or feelings out of your mind (FORGET) 忘記
distant
› far away 遙遠的,遠方的
e.g. a distant country 遙遠的國家
distinguish
› [I or T, not continuous] to notice or understand the difference between two things, or to make one person or thing seem different from another 區分,分辨;使有所區別
divide
› [I or T] to (cause to) separate into parts or groups
(使)分開;(使)分組
e.g. At the end of the lecture, I'd like all the students to divide into small discussion groups.
講座結束後,我想讓所有學生分成幾個討論小組。
dominate
› to have control over a place or a person, or to be the most important person or thing 統治;控制
e.g. He refuses to let others speak and dominates every meeting. 每次開會他都專橫跋扈,不讓他人講話。
dozen
› twelve 十二個,一打
e.g. a dozen eggs 一打雞蛋
drag
› [T] to move something by pulling it along a surface, usually the ground 拖,拉,拽,牽引
e.g. Pick the chair up instead of dragging it behind you!
把椅子拿起來,不要在地上拖
drugstore
› US for chemist (= a shop where you can buy medicines, make-up, sweets, cigarettes, etc.)(兼售化妝品、糖果、香煙等的)藥房
drum
› a musical instrument, especially one made from a skin stretched over the end of a hollow tube or bowl, played by hitting with the hand or a stick 鼓
e.g. a bass/snare/kettle drum 大/小/定音鼓
dull
› not interesting or exciting in any way; boring
枯燥的,乏味的,無趣的
e.g. She wrote dull, respectable articles for the local newspaper. 她爲當地報紙寫一些乏味的官樣文章。
dust
› dry dirt in the form of powder that covers surfaces inside a building, or very small dry pieces of soil, sand or other substances 灰塵;塵土;沙土
e.g. The furniture was covered in dust and cobwebs.
傢俱上落滿了灰塵和蜘蛛網。
dump
› to put down or drop something in a careless way
扔下,丟下
e.g. He came in with four shopping bags and dumped them on the table. 他進門後將手裡提著的四個購物袋往桌上一扔。
eager
› wanting very much to do or have something, especially something interesting or enjoyable(尤指對於有趣的或者愉快的事情)熱切的,渴望的 (adj)
e.g. the children's eager faces 孩子們那一臉渴望的神情
ease
› to make or become less severe, difficult, unpleasant, painful
減輕;減低;緩解 (v)
e.g. To ease the problem of overcrowding, new prisons will be built.
› to move or to make something move slowly and carefully in a particular direction or into a particular position
(使)小心緩慢地移動;(使)緩緩移動
e.g. She eased the key into the lock, anxious not to wake anyone.她小心翼翼地把鎖匙插入鎖孔,生怕驚醒任何人。
edge
› the outer or furthest point of something
邊,邊緣 (n)
e.g. He'd piped fresh cream around the edge of the cake.
他用鮮奶油沿蛋糕邊擠花。
edition
› a particular form in which a book, magazine or newspaper is published
版本(n)
e.g. the paperback/hardback edition of the dictionary
該詞典的平裝/精裝本
effect
› the result of a particular influence
效果;影響;結果(n)
e.g. The radiation leak has had a disastrous effect on/upon the environment.
核輻射外泄給環境帶來了災難性的影響
elbow
› the part in the middle of the arm where it bends, or the part of a piece of clothing which covers this area
肘;(衣服的)肘部(n)
e.g.Her arm was bandaged from the elbow to the fingers.
她的手臂從肘部一直到手指全部纏上了繃帶。
electric
› using electricity for power
用電的;電動的 (adj)
e.g.an electric blanket/car/kettle/light
電熱氈/電動汽車/電水壺/電燈
electricity
› a form of energy, produced in several ways, which provides power to devices that create light, heat,
電;電能(n)
e.g.The electricity has been turned off.
電已被斷掉了。
elevator
› US ( UK lift) a small room which carries people or goods up and down in tall buildings
電梯
› a moving strip which can be used for unloading goods from a ship, putting bags onto an aircraft, moving grain into a store, etc.
(裝有傳送帶,用以卸貨、裝貨或搬運糧食入庫的)升降機,起卸機 (n)
embarrass
› to cause someone to feel nervous, worried or uncomfortable
使尷尬,使窘迫;使爲難 (v)
e.g. You're embarrassing him with your compliments!
你的讚美之詞使他很不好意思。
emerge
› to appear by coming out of something or out from behind something
出現,浮現;露出 (v)
e.g. She emerged from the sea, blue with cold.
她浮出了海面,渾身凍得發青。
employ
› to have someone work or do a job for you and pay them for it
僱用 (v)
How many people does your company employ?
你們公司僱有多少員工?
encounter
› a meeting, especially one that happens by chance
偶然相遇,邂逅,不期而遇 (n)
e.g. I had a rather alarming encounter with a wild pig.
我曾經意外地碰到過一頭野豬,真是驚險。
enemy
› a person who hates or opposes another person and tries to harm them or stop them from doing something
敵人;仇敵;反對者(n)
He's made a few enemies in this company.
他在公司中和幾個人結了怨。
enormous
› extremely large
極大的;巨大的;龐大的 (adj)
e.g. an enormous car/house
大轎車/大房子
enthusiasim
› a feeling of energetic interest in a particular subject or activity and an eagerness to be involved in it
巨大興趣;熱情;熱忱;熱心 (n)
e.g. One of the good things about teaching young children is their enthusiasm.
教小孩子的好處之一就是他們對甚麽都充滿了興趣
enthusiastic
› showing enthusiasm
熱心的;熱情的;熱衷的 (adj)
e.g. You don't seem very enthusiastic about the party - don't you want to go tonight?
你好像對這個派對不怎麽熱衷——你今晚不想去了嗎?
entire
› whole or complete, with nothing missing
全部的;整個的;完全的;完整的 (adj)
e.g. Between them they ate an entire cake.
他們兩個吃了整整一個蛋糕。
entrance
› a door, gate, etc. by which you can enter a building or place
入口;大門(口);通道 (n)
e.g. There are two entrances - one at the front and one round the back.
入口有兩個,一個在前面,另一個在後面。
envelope
› a flat, usually square or rectangular, paper container for a letter
信封(n)
era
› a period of time of which particular events or stages of development are typical
時代;年代 (n)
e.g. the Clinton era
克林頓時代
ethnic
› of a national or racial group of people
民族的;種族的 (adj)
e.g. A question on ethnic origin was included in the census.
人口普查包括一個有關種族來源的問題。
eventually
› in the end, especially after a long time or a lot of effort, problems,
最終,終於 (adv)
e.g. Although she had been ill for a long time, it still came as a shock when she eventually died.
雖然她已病了好長時間,但當她最後去世時,我們仍然感到非常震驚。
exact
› in great detail, or complete, correct or true in every way; precise
精確的;確切的;正確的 (adj)
e.g. The exact distance is 1.838 metres.
精確距離是1.838公尺。
exaggerate
› to make something seem larger, more important, better or worse than it really is
誇張;誇大;對...言過其實 (v)
e.g. The threat of attack has been greatly exaggerated.
遭受襲擊的威脅被過分誇大了。
excite
› to make someone have strong feelings of happiness and enthusiasm
激發(情感);使激動;使興奮(v)
e.g. Nothing about my life excites me at present.
我目前的生活就好像一潭死水。
exhibit
› to show something publicly
展出,展覽;展示 (v)
e.g. He frequently exhibits at the art gallery.
他經常在藝廊展出作品。
exist
› to be, or to be real
存在;實際上有 (v)
e.g. I don't think ghosts exist.
我認為鬼是不存在的。
explode
› to (cause to) break up into pieces violently
(使)爆炸,(使)爆破 (v)
e.g. A bomb exploded at one of London's busiest railway stations this morning.
今早一枚炸彈在倫敦最繁忙的一個火車站爆炸
explore
› to search and discover (about something)
探測;勘查;探索;研究(v)
e.g. to explore space
探索太空
explosion
› when something such as a bomb explodes
爆炸;爆破;爆裂 (n)
e.g. The fire was thought to have been caused by a gas explosion.
有人認為火災是由於煤氣爆炸引起的。
extend
› to (cause something to) reach, stretch or continue; to add to something in order to make it bigger or longer
(使)延伸;(使)持續,延續;(使)擴大;(使)延長 (v)
e.g. The Sahara Desert extends (= reaches) for miles.
撒哈拉沙漠延綿幾百英里。
extraordinary
› very unusual, special, unexpected or strange
非凡的;特別的;意想不到的;令人驚奇的 (adj)
e.g. He told the extraordinary story of his escape.
他講述了他離奇的逃亡經歷。
faint
› not strong or clear; slight
微弱的;不清晰的;微小的(adj)
e.g The lamp gave out a faint glow.
燈發出微弱的光

(feel faint)
› to feel weak, as if you are about to become unconscious
虛弱無力;感到暈眩;快要暈倒似的(adj)
She felt faint with hunger.
她餓得頭昏眼花
faith
› great trust or confidence in something or someone
信任;信心(n)
She has no faith in modern medicine.
她對現代醫學沒有信心
fame
› when you are known or recognized by many people because of your achievements, skills,
名聲,名氣;聲譽;名望(n)
She first rose to fame as a singer at the age of 16.
她16歲時便作為歌手一舉成名
farther, farthest
› comparative of far adverb ; to a greater distance
更遠;較遠
How much farther is it to the airport?
去機場還有多遠?
fasten
› [I or T] to (cause something to) become firmly fixed together, or in position, or closed
扣緊;繫牢;紮好;關緊(v)
Make sure your seat belt is securely fastened.
請務必將您的安全帶繫好
favour
› the support or approval of something or someone 支持;贊同(n)
e.g These plans are unlikely to find favour unless the cost is reduced.
這些計劃除非縮減費用,否則不大可能得到支持
favourite
› best liked or most enjoyed
最喜歡的;特別喜愛的 (adj)
"What's your favourite colour?" "Green."
「你最喜歡甚麼顏色?」「綠色。」
feather
› one of the many soft light things which cover a bird's body, consisting of a long thin central part with material like hairs along each side 羽毛;翎毛(n)
e.g. peacock/ostrich feathers
孔雀/鴕鳥羽毛
fence
› a structure which divides two areas of land, similar to a wall but made of wood or wire and supported with posts
柵欄;籬笆;圍欄(n)
field
› an area of land, used for growing crops or keeping animals, usually surrounded by a fence
田;地;牧場(n)
We drove past fields of ripening wheat.
我們驅車經過快要成熟的麥田
flame
› burning gas (from something on fire) which produces usually yellow light
火焰;火舌(n)
The flames grew larger as the fire spread.
火勢蔓延,火焰越來越高。
flash
› to shine brightly and suddenly, or to make something shine in this way
(使)閃耀,(使)閃光(v)
Stop flashing that light in my eyes!
別拿那個手電筒晃我的眼睛了!
flesh
› the soft part of the body of a person or animal which is between the skin and the bones, or the soft inside part of a fruit or vegetable
(人或動物的)肉;果肉;蔬菜的可食部分(n)
The thorn went deep into the flesh of my hand. 刺深深紮進了我的手
float
› to stay on the surface of a liquid and not sink 漂浮(v)
e.g. An empty bottle will float.
空瓶子能浮起來
flood
› to cause to fill or become covered with water, especially in a way that causes problems(使)充滿水;(使)淹沒(v)
e.g. Our washing machine broke down yesterday and flooded the kitchen.
我們的洗衣機昨天壞了,把廚房裡弄得盡是水。
fold
› to bend something, especially paper or cloth, so that one part of it lies on the other part, or to be able to be bent in this way
折疊,對折(尤指紙或布);可折疊;可對折(v)
I folded the letter (in half) and put it in an envelope. 我把信對折後裝進一個信封裡。
folk
› [plural] ( mainly US folks) people, especially those of a particular group or type(尤指某一群體或類型的)人們 (n)
›old folk 老人
e.g. Ordinary folk can't afford cars like that. 普通人買不起那樣的轎車
fork
› a small object with three or four points and a handle, that you use to pick up food and eat with 餐叉(n)
e.g. a knife and fork. 一副刀叉
formal
› public or official
公開的;正式的(adj)
e.g. formal procedures 正式的程式
former
› of or in an earlier time; before the present time or in the past
較早的,早先的;以前的;舊時的(adj)
e.g. his former wife 他的前妻
fortune
› a large amount of money, goods, property, 一大筆錢;大量財産(n)
e.g. She inherited a fortune from her grandmother.
她從祖母那裡繼承了一大筆財産。
frame
› a border which surrounds and supports a picture, door or window(圖畫、門、窗的)框,框架(n)
e.g. a picture frame 畫框
freeze
› If you freeze something, you lower its temperature below 0°C, causing it to become cold and often hard, and if something freezes, its temperature goes below 0°C.(使)凍結,(使)結冰(v)
e.g. Water freezes to ice at a temperature of 0°C. 水在攝氏零度結冰。

› to preserve food by storing it at a very low temperature so that it becomes hard
冷凍保存(食物)
e.g. I'll freeze any food that's left over.
我會把剩下的食物都冷凍起來。
frozen
› (of water) turned into ice, or (of food) preserved by freezing
(水)結冰的,冰凍的;(食物)冷藏的
e.g. They skated over the frozen lake.
他們在結冰的湖面上滑冰。
frighten
› to make someone feel fear
使害怕,使受驚(v)
e.g. He frightens me when he drives so fast. 他開車這麽快,我很害怕。
fry
› to cook food in hot oil or fat
油炸;油煎;油炒 (v)
e.g. Fry the mushrooms in a little butter.
用少許牛油煎一下蘑菇
fuel
› a substance which is used to provide heat or power, usually by being burned
燃料;燃燒劑(n)

e.g. Wood, coal, oil, petrol and gas are all different kinds of fuel.
木材、煤炭、石油、汽油和煤氣是不同種類的燃料。
gallon
› a unit for measuring volume 加侖 (n)
e.g. An imperial gallon, used in Britain, is equal to 4546 cubic centimetres.
根據英國標準加侖,一加侖等於4546立方釐米。
gamble
› to do something risky that might result in loss of money or failure, hoping to get money or achieve success 投機;冒險(v)

e.g Anyone who gambles on the stock exchange has to be prepared to lose money.
任何進行股票投機的人都必須要做好賠錢的準備
garage
› a building where a car is kept, which is built next to or as part of a house
車庫,汽車房(n)
e.g. Did you put the car in the garage?
你把車停到車庫裡了嗎?
garbage
› US ( UK rubbish) waste material or unwanted things that you throw away
垃圾;廢物(n)

› nonsense or stupid ideas
廢話;無聊的話;無價值的東西
e.g.He talks a lot of garbage about education. 他廢話連篇地大談自己對教育的看法。
gather
› to collect several things, often from different places or people
收集,搜集;聚集,集攏(v)
e.g. I went to several libraries to gather information about the scheme.
我去了數家圖書館去搜集有關這一計劃的資料。
gear
› the equipment, clothes etc. that you use to do a particular activity
(從事某活動的)裝備,用具,衣服(n)
e.g. fishing/camping gear 釣魚/露營用具

› a device, often consisting of connecting sets of wheels with teeth (= points) around the edge, that controls how much power from an engine goes to the moving parts of a machine 檔,排檔;傳動裝置(n)
e.g. Does your car have four or five gears?
你的車是四檔的還是五檔的
gene
› a part of the DNA in a cell which contains information in a special pattern received by each animal or plant from its parents, and which controls its physical development, behaviour, 基因(n)

e.g. The illness is believed to be caused by a defective gene.
據信,這種疾病是由基因缺陷引起的。
generate
› to cause something to exist
造成;引起;使存在(v)
Her latest film has generated a lot of interest/excitement.
她最近的一部影片引起了廣泛的興趣/使眾多觀眾很是興奮
gentle
› calm, kind or soft
文靜的;和藹的;溫柔的(adj)
e.g. He's very gentle with his kids.
他對孩子們很溫和。
genuine
› If something is genuine, it is real and exactly what it appears to be
真正的;非僞造的;名副其實的(adj)
e.g. genuine leather
giant
› an imaginary creature like a man but extremely tall, strong and usually very cruel, appearing especially in children's stories(尤指兒童故事中兇殘的)巨人(n)
glad
› pleased and happy
高興的;愉快的;樂意的(adj)
We were glad about her success.
我們都為她的成功感到高興。
glove
› a piece of clothing which is worn on the hand and wrist for warmth or protection, with separate parts for each finger
(分手指的)手套(n)
leather/woollen/rubber gloves
皮/羊毛線/橡皮手套
glue
› a sticky substance which is used for joining things together permanently, produced from animal bones and skins or by a chemical process
膠;膠水(n)
grab
› to take hold of something or someone suddenly and roughly 攫取;抓住;抓取
e.g. A mugger grabbed her handbag as she was walking across the park.
她穿過公園時一個劫匪搶了她的手提包。

› to take the opportunity to get, use or enjoy something quickly 抓住,利用(機會做某事);(借機)趕緊...;搶
e.g. If you don't grab this opportunity, you might not get another one. 如果你不抓住這次機會,可能就沒有第二次了。
grain
› (a) seed from a plant, especially a plant like a grass such as rice or wheat(尤指像穀谷、小麥等像草一樣的植物的)穀粒,穎果,穀(物)
e.g.grains of wheat/rice
麥/米粒
grand
› important and large in degree 重大的;主要的;首要的
e.g. She has all kinds of grand ideas.
她腦子裡都是些經天緯地的想法。

› splendid in style and appearance; attracting admiration and attention 宏偉的,壯麗的;顯赫的
e.g. The Palace of Versailles is very grand.
凡爾賽宮非常宏偉。

› excellent; pleasing 極好的,出色的;快樂的,稱心的
e.g. We had grand weather on our holiday.
我們去渡假時的天氣很好。
grant
› a sum of money given especially by the government to a person or organization for a special purpose (n)
(尤指政府為特殊目的給予個人或組織的)撥款,補助金
e.g. a student/research grant 助學金/研究撥款

› to give or allow someone something, usually in an official way (通常指官方)同意,准予,授予(v)
e.g. [+ two objects] They granted her an entry visa.
他們發給她入境簽證。

› [T + (that)] to accept that something is true, often before expressing an opposite opinion
(常指在表達相反的意見之前表示讓步)承認,同意
e.g. I grant that it must have been upsetting but even so I think she made a bit of a fuss.我承認這事肯定很讓人心煩,但即使是這樣,我覺得她也有點小題大做。
grass
› a low green plant which grows naturally over a lot of the Earth's surface, having groups of very thin leaves which grow in large numbers very close together 草,青草
e.g. a blade of grass 一片草葉
grave
› a place in the ground where a dead person is buried
墳墓;墓穴;埋葬處 (n)
e.g. a mass grave 萬人坑

› seriously bad 嚴重的;重大的;嚴峻的(adj)
e.g. a grave situation 嚴峻的形勢
grocery store
› a grocer's 雜貨店
guard
› a person or group of people whose job is to protect a person, place or thing from danger or attack, or to prevent a person such as a criminal from escaping
衛兵,警衛;看守,守衛 (n)
e.g. prison guards 獄警
e.g. a fire guard 火災防護裝置

› to protect someone or something from being attacked or stolen 保衛;守衛;保護
e.g. Soldiers guard the main doors of the embassy.
大使館的主要門口都有士兵把守。
hammer
› a tool consisting of a piece of metal with a flat end which is fixed onto the end of a long thin usually wooden handle, used for hitting things 鎚,鐵鎚(n)
hang
› to fasten or support something at the top leaving the other parts free to move, or to be held in this way 懸掛,吊;吊著
e.g. A heavy gold necklace hung around her neck.
她脖子上掛著一串粗重的金項鍊。

› to curve down
彎下,垂下
The branches hung heavy with snow.
樹枝被雪壓彎了。

› to kill someone, especially as punishment for a serious crime, by dropping them with a rope tied around their neck, or to die in this way
絞死;施以絞刑;被絞死
He was found guilty and hanged later that year.
他被判有罪,並在那年的晚些時候被施以絞刑。
harmless
› not able or not likely to cause harm
無害的;不會導致損傷的
e.g. Peter might look a bit fierce, but actually he's fairly harmless. 彼得看上去可能有點兇,但他是不會傷人的。
hatred
› an extremely strong feeling of dislike 憎恨,憎惡
e.g. What is very clear in these letters is Clark's passionate hatred of his father.
這些信非常清楚地表明瞭克拉克對他父親的深切痛恨。
heal
› to make or become well again, especially after a cut or other injury
癒合;治癒

The wounds were gradually healing (up).
傷口在逐漸癒合。
The plaster cast helps to heal the broken bone.
石膏繃帶有利於斷骨的癒合。
heating
› the system that keeps a building warm
供暖系統,暖氣設備(n)
e.g. Is the heating on? 暖氣開著嗎?
hesitate
› to pause before you do or say something, often because you are uncertain or nervous about it 猶豫,躊躇
e.g. She hesitated slightly before answering the inspector's question. 在回答調查員的問題之前,她稍稍猶豫了一下。
highlight
› to attract attention to or emphasize something important
使引起注意;強調 (v)
e.g. The report highlights the need for improved safety.
那份報告強調了加強安全的重要性。

› the best or most exciting, entertaining or interesting part of something 最精彩的部分(n)
e.g. Highlights of the match will be shown after the news.
比賽的精彩部分將在新聞之後播出。
hollow
› having a hole or empty space inside 空的,空心的
e.g. a hollow tube 空心管子

› (of situations, feelings or words) without value; not true or sincere(局面、情感或言語)無價值的,空洞的,虛偽的
e.g. It was something of a hollow victory - she won the case but lost all her savings in legal fees. 這是一個毫無價值的勝利——她贏了訴訟,卻也為此花光了所有積蓄。
e.g. Even sex had become a hollow pleasure.
甚至連性都變得無聊乏味,失去了原有的樂趣。
holy
› related to a religion or a god
神聖的;上帝的
holy scriptures/rites
聖經/神聖的儀式

› very religious or pure
虔誠的;聖潔的
a holy person
聖潔的人
honor
› [C] a reward, prize or title that publicly expresses admiration or respect
獎勵;榮譽;榮譽頭銜
She received an honour for her services to the community.
她因為社區提供服務而獲得表彰。

› [U] a quality that combines respect, being proud, and honesty
名譽,榮譽;高尚品德
a man of honour
品德高尚的人
We fought for the honour of our country.
我們為我們國家的榮譽而戰。
in honour of...
› in order to celebrate or show great respect for someone or something
為了慶祝...;為表示對...的尊敬
a banquet in honour of the president
為總統舉行的宴會
hook
› a curved device used for catching or holding things, especially one fixed to a surface for hanging things on
鉤子,掛鉤
e.g. a coat/picture hook 掛衣鉤/掛畫的鉤子
horn
› a hard, pointed, often curved part that grows from the top of the head of some animals, or the hard substance of which a horn is made 角;角質

› a device on a vehicle that is used to make a loud noise as a warning or signal to other people(車輛的)喇叭
e.g. The driver blew/sounded/ informal honked her horn.
那位司機按了喇叭。

› a curved musical instrument made of metal, which is narrow at the end you blow down to make a sound, and wider towards the other end (MUSIC) 號
horror
› [U] an extremely strong feeling of fear and shock, or the frightening and shocking character of something
恐懼;震驚;(...的)震驚性,恐怖性
e.g. The crowd cried out in horror as the car burst into flames. 當汽車突然起火時,人群發出一陣驚恐的叫聲。

horrors [plural]
› things that are very shocking or frightening
威脅;令人震驚的事
The population now faces the horrors of starvation.
人們現在正面臨著飢餓的威脅。

› to hate something very much or be very frightened of something
憎恨;非常害怕
It may be childish but I have a horror of worms.
這可能有些孩子氣,可是我真是非常害怕蟲子。

horror story
noun [C]
› a story in which very frightening and unnatural things happen
恐怖故事
humor
› the ability to find things funny, the way in which people see that some things are funny or the quality of being funny 幽默;滑稽 (n)
e.g.He's got a great sense of humour (= he is very able to see things as funny). 他很有幽默感。

humorous(adj)
› funny, or making you laugh 幽默的;滑稽的
e.g. Her latest book is a humorous look at teenage life.
她的新書是對青少年生活的一種幽默審視。
ill
› not feeling well, or suffering from a disease
生病的;不舒服的
e.g.I felt ill so I went home. 我感到不舒服,於是就回家了。

› bad 壞的;惡劣的
e.g. ill health 惡劣的健康狀況
illness
› a disease of the body or mind (身體或精神上的)疾病
e.g.He died at home after a long illness.
久病之後他在家裡死去。

› [U] when you are ill
生病
She had five days off work due to illness.
她因病請了五天假。
imagination
› the ability to form pictures in the mind 想像力 (n)
e.g.My younger son has a very vivid (= active) imagination.
我的小兒子想像力很豐富。

› [U] something that you think exists or is true, although in fact it is not real or true
幻覺;幻想;空想
Was she paying him a lot of attention or was it just my imagination?
她是特別注意他呢,還是這一切只是我的臆想?

› [U] the ability to think of new ideas
創造力
It's a job that needs someone with a bit of imagination.
做這項工作需要有一點創造力。
imagine
› to form or have a mental picture or idea of something
想像;設想 (v)
e.g.Imagine Robert Redford when he was young - that's what John looks like.
想像一下勞勃‧瑞福年輕時的樣子——那就是約翰的模樣。

› to believe that something is probably true
猜想,猜測
[+ (that)] I imagine (that) he's under a lot of pressure at the moment.
我猜想他現在承受的壓力一定很大。

› to think that something exists or is true, although in fact it is not real or true
誤以為
"Did you hear a noise?" "No, you're imagining things/No, you must have imagined it."
「你聽見甚麼動靜了嗎?」「沒有,你聽錯了吧/沒有,你一定是聽錯了。」
immoral
› not within society's standards of acceptable, honest and moral behaviour; morally wrong 不道德的;道德敗壞的(adj)
e.g. an immoral act 不道德的舉動

immoral earnings
› money earned from prostitution (= having sex in exchange for money)
賣淫所得
If convicted, she could be jailed for five years for living off immoral earnings.
如果被判有罪,她可能會因靠賣淫為生而被監禁五年。
impatient
› easily annoyed by someone's mistakes or because you have to wait 不耐煩的,無耐心的(adj)
e.g. He's a good teacher, but inclined to be a bit impatient with slow learners. 他是個好老師,但對學得慢的學生卻總有些不耐煩。

› wanting something to happen as soon as possible
切望的;焦急的
e.g. He's got a lot of exciting ideas and he's impatient to get started. 他有許多好主意,迫不及待地想動手做。
implication
› when you seem to suggest something without saying it directly 含意;暗指,暗示 (n)
e.g.[+ that] From what she said, the implication was that they were splitting up. 她的話暗示他們將要分手。

› [C usually plural] the effect that an action or decision will have on something else in the future
可能影響;可能後果
The company is cutting back its spending and I wonder what the implications will be for our department.
公司正在削減開支,真不知道這將會對我們部門產生甚麼影響。
imply
› to communicate an idea or feeling without saying it directly 暗指,暗示 (v)
e.g.[+ (that)] Are you implying (that) I'm fat?
你是在暗示我長得胖嗎?
impose
› to officially force a rule, tax, punishment, etc. to be obeyed or received 推行;強制實行 (v)
e.g.Very high taxes have recently been imposed on cigarettes. 最近對香煙開徵很高的稅。

› to force someone to accept something, especially a belief or way of living
把(尤指信仰或生活方式)強加於
I don't want them to impose their religious beliefs on my children.
我不希望他們把自己的宗教信仰強加於我的孩子。
impress
› to cause someone to admire or respect you because of something that you have done or said
給...留下深刻印象;使欽佩 (v)
e.g. I remember when I was a child being very impressed with how many toys she had.
我記得小時候我對她有那麼多的玩具羨慕不已。
indeed
› really or certainly, often used to emphasize something
的確,實在 (adv)
e.g. Indeed, it could be the worst environmental disaster in Western Europe this century.
這確實可能是本世紀西歐最嚴重的環境災難。
industrial
› in or related to industry, or having a lot of industry and factories, 工業的;產業的 (adj)
e.g. industrial output 工業產量
inevitable
› certain to happen and unable to be avoided or prevented
不可避免的;必然發生的(adj)
e.g. The accident was the inevitable
consequence/result/outcome of carelessness.
這次意外是粗心導致的必然結果。
infect
› to pass a disease to a person, animal or plant
(疾病)傳染,感染(v)
e.g.The ward was full of children infected with TB.
病房裡住滿了感染結核病的孩子。

› to make someone have the same feeling or emotion as you(情感)感染(別人);使受影響
e.g. Her optimism seemed to infect all those around her.
她的樂觀情緒似乎感染了周圍所有的人。
infection
› a disease in a part of your body that is caused by bacteria or a virus(由細菌或病毒造成的身體部位的)感染(n)
e.g. a serious infection 嚴重的感染
infectious
› able to pass a disease from one person, animal or plant to another 傳染的,傳染性的(adj)
e.g.an infectious disease/patient 傳染病/傳染病病人

› describes something that has an effect on everyone who is present and makes them want to join in
有感染力的;有影響力的
e.g. an infectious laugh 有感染力的笑聲
influence
› the power to have an effect on people or things, or a person or thing that is able to do this
影響,作用;有影響的人(或物)(n)
e.g. Helen's a bad/good influence on him.
海倫對他有不良/好的影響。

› to affect or change how someone or something develops, behaves or thinks 影響 (v)
e.g.She's very good at making friends and influencing people. 她很擅長交友並對他人施加影響。
inform
› to tell someone about particular facts
通知,告知(v)
e.g. Why wasn't I informed about this earlier?
為甚麼不早點將這件事通知我?
ingredient
› a food that is used with other foods in the preparation of a particular dish(食品的)成分,材料 (n)
e.g.The list of ingredients included 250g of almonds.
清單上列出的材料包括250克的杏仁。

› one of the parts of something successful
(成功的)要素,因素
e.g. Trust is a vital ingredient in a successful marriage.
信任是婚姻幸福的重要因素。
initiative
› a new action or movement, often intended to solve a problem 倡議;新措施 (n)
e.g.The peace initiative was welcomed by both sides.
和平倡議受到了雙方的歡迎。

› the ability to use your judgment to make decisions and do things without needing to be told what to do
主動性;自主決斷行事的能力
e.g. Although she was quite young, she showed a lot of initiative and was promoted to manager after a year.
她雖然很年輕,但工作積極主動,一年後就獲提拔為經理。

the initiative [S]
› the power or opportunity to win an advantage
主動權
to seize/take/lose the initiative
掌握/採取/失去主動權
injure
› to hurt or cause physical harm to a person or animal
傷害,損害 (v)
e.g.A bomb exploded at the embassy, injuring several people. 一枚炸彈在大使館爆炸,造成數人受傷
inner
› inside or contained within something else 裡面的 (adj)
e.g.Leading off the main hall is a series of small inner rooms. 從主客廳開始是一系列小的內室。

› Inner feelings or thoughts are ones that you do not show or tell other people 內心的
e.g. Sarah seemed to have a profound sense of inner peace.
薩拉內心好像非常平靜。
innocent
› (of a person) not guilty of a particular crime, or having no knowledge of the unpleasant and evil things in life, or (of a thing) not intended to harm anyone(人)無罪的,天真的,無辜的;(事物)無惡意的(adj)
e.g. He firmly believes that she is innocent of the crime.
他堅信她是清白的。

› An innocent person is someone who is not involved with any military group or war
無辜(受害)的
Several innocent bystanders were injured in the explosion.
幾個無辜的旁觀者在爆炸中受了傷。
insect
› a type of very small animal with six legs, a body divided into three parts and usually two pairs of wings, or, more generally, any similar very small animal 昆蟲 (n)
insert
› to put something inside something else, or to add something, especially words, to something else
插入,添加(尤指文字)(v)
e.g.Insert the key in/into the lock. 將鎖匙插入鎖中。
insist
› to state or demand forcefully, especially despite opposition 堅持說,強調;堅決要求 (v)
e.g. [+ (that)] Greg still insists (that) he did nothing wrong.
葛列格仍堅稱自己沒有做錯任何事。

She insisted on seeing her lawyer.
她堅持要見她的律師。
institute
› an organization where people do a particular kind of scientific, educational or social work, or the buildings which it uses 研究所;學院 (n)
e.g.the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
麻省理工學院
institution
› a large and important organization, such as a university or bank(大學、銀行等)機構,團體(n)
e.g. a medical/educational/financial institution
醫療/教育/金融機構
instruction
› something that someone tells you to do
指示,命令,吩咐 (n)
e.g.The police who broke into the house were only acting on/under instructions. 員警破門而入只是奉命行事。

instructions [plural]
› advice and information about how to do or use something, often written in a small book or on the side of a container 用法說明;操作指南
e.g. The cooking instructions say bake it for half an hour.
烹調說明書上說烘烤半個小時。
instrument
› an object, such as a piano, guitar or drum, which is played to produce musical sounds 樂器(n)
e.g.Which instrument do you play? 你演奏哪一種樂器?

› a tool or other device, especially one without electrical power, used for performing a particular piece of work
器械
e.g.surgical instruments 外科手術器械


› a device used for measuring speed, height, etc. in vehicles, especially aircraft
(尤指飛機上的)儀器,儀表
e.g. the instrument panel 儀表板
insult
› to say or do something to someone that is rude or offensive 侮辱,辱駡(v)
e.g.First he drank all my wine and then he insulted all my friends. 他先喝光了我的酒,然後又辱駡了我所有的朋友。

› an offensive remark or action 侮辱;辱駡(n)
e.g. She made several insults about my appearance.
她說了幾句侮辱我長相的話。
intellectual
› relating to your ability to think and understand things, especially complicated ideas 智力的,腦力的(adj)
e.g. Looking after a baby at home all day is nice but it doesn't provide much intellectual stimulation.
整天在家照顧嬰兒雖然不錯,但讓人不怎麼動腦筋。
intelligence
› the ability to learn, understand and make judgments or have opinions that are based on reason
智力,智慧 (n)
e.g.an intelligence test 智力測驗

› secret information about the governments of other countries, especially enemy governments, or a group of people who collect and deal with this information
情報;情報人員
e.g. the Central Intelligence Agency
中央情報局
intelligent
› showing intelligence, or able to learn and understand things easily 有才智的;聰穎的,理解力強的(adj)
e.g. a highly intelligent young man 聰穎過人的年輕人
intend
› to have as a plan or purpose 打算,計劃(v)
e.g.[+ to infinitive] We intend to go to Australia next year.
我們打算明年去澳大利亞。
intense
› extreme and forceful or (of a feeling) very strong
強烈的,極度的(adj)
e.g.intense cold/heat/hatred 嚴寒/酷熱/痛恨
interior
› the inside part of something 內部(n)
e.g.The estate agent had pictures of the house from the outside but none of its interior. 房地產經紀人有這棟房子的外觀照片,但沒有其內部的照片。

› inside 內部的(adj)
e.g. The interior walls have patches of damp on them.
內牆上有片片濕斑。
interpretation
› an explanation or opinion of what something means
解釋,闡釋;理解(n)
e.g. The dispute is based on two widely differing interpretations of the law.
爭論是源於對法律的兩種截然不同的解釋。

› a particular way of performing a piece of music, a part in a play, etc.(音樂、戲劇角色等的)演繹;演出;表演
e.g.Her interpretation of Juliet was one of the best performances I have ever seen.
她飾演的茱麗葉是我所看過的最出色的演繹之一。
interrupt
› to stop a person from speaking for a short period by something you say or do, or to stop something from happening for a short period 打斷;短暫中止(v)

e.g. She tried to explain what had happened but he kept interrupting her. 她試圖解釋所發生的事情,但他不停地打斷她。
interval
› a period between two events or times, or the space between two points 間隔;間距(n)
e.g. We see each other at regular intervals - usually about once a month. 我們定期見面——通常大約是每月一次。

› UK ( US intermission) a short period between the parts of a performance or a sports event
(演出的)幕間休息;(體育比賽的)中間休息,中場休息
e.g. There will be two twenty-minute intervals during the opera. 歌劇演出中有兩次20分鐘的幕間休息。

› the amount by which one note is higher or lower than another 音程
e.g. an interval of a 5th (= the top note four notes higher than the bottom one) 五度音程
invent
› to design and/or create something which has never been made before 發明,創造(v)
e.g.The first safety razor was invented by company founder King C. Gillette in 1903. 第一把安全剃刀由公司創辦人金恩‧坎普‧吉列於1903年發明。

› to create a reason, excuse, story etc. which is not true, usually to deceive someone 捏造,編造,虛構(v)
e.g. But I didn't invent the story - everything I told you is true. 但我沒有胡編——我告訴你的都是真的。
iron
› a common silver-coloured metal element which is magnetic. It is strong, used in making steel and found in very small amounts, in a chemically combined form, in blood 鐵 (n)
e.g. Iron rusts easily. 鐵易生銹。

› a piece of equipment for making clothes flat and smooth, especially after they have been washed, which has a handle and a flat base and is usually heated with electricity
熨斗
e.g. a steam iron 蒸汽熨斗
irritate
› to make angry or annoyed 激怒,使惱火(v)
e.g. After a while her behaviour really began to irritate me.
過了一會兒兒,她的行為真讓我惱火了。

› to make sore or painful 使發炎;使疼痛(v)
e.g. At first my contact lenses irritated my eyes.
起初一戴上隱形眼鏡,我的眼睛就痛。
jail
prison
journalist
a person who writes news stories or articles for a newspaper or magazine or broadcasts them on radio or television 新聞記者;報紙撰稿人;廣播員
e.g. a freelance political journalist 政論文章自由撰稿人
journey
› the act of travelling from one place to another, especially in a vehicle(尤指搭乘交通工具的)旅行,行程
e.g. It's a two-hour train journey from York to London.
從約克到倫敦乘火車需要兩個小時。
jury
› a group of people who have been chosen to listen to all the facts in a trial in a law court and to decide whether a person is guilty or not guilty, or whether a claim has been proved 陪審團 (n)
e.g. members of the jury 陪審團成員
keen
› very interested, eager or wanting (to do) something very much 熱衷的;熱心的;渴望的(adj)
e.g. They were very keen to start work as soon as possible.
他們渴望盡早開始工作。
kick
› to hit someone or something with the foot, or to move the feet and legs suddenly and violently 踢,踹(v)
e.g. I kicked the ball as hard as I could. 我用盡全力踢球。

› the action of kicking something 踢,踹(n)
e.g.She gave the cat a kick when no-one was looking.
她趁人不注意,踢了貓兒一腳
knee
› the middle joint of the leg, which allows it to bend
膝,膝蓋(n)
e.g. The baby was crawling around on its hands and knees.
嬰兒用手和膝蓋著地爬來爬去。
knot
› a join made by tying together the ends of a piece or pieces of string, rope, cloth,(繩等的)結 (n)
e.g. to tie a knot 打個結
laboratory
› a room or building with scientific equipment for doing scientific tests or for teaching science, or a place where chemicals or medicines are produced 實驗室;實驗大樓
e.g. research laboratories 研究實驗室
landscape
› [C] a large area of countryside, especially in relation to its appearance 鄉間,野外;(尤指鄉村的)風景,景色
e.g. a rural/barren landscape 鄉村/荒原

› [C or U] a view or picture of the countryside, or the art of making such pictures
鄉村風景;鄉村風景畫;鄉村風景繪畫
e.g. a watercolour landscape. 水彩風景畫
lane
› a narrow road in the countryside or in a town
鄉間小路;小巷,小街,胡同
e.g.He drives so fast along those narrow country lanes.
在那些狹窄的鄉間小路上他把車開得飛快。

› a special strip of a road, sports track or swimming pool that is used to keep vehicles or competitors separate
車道;(田徑比賽的)跑道,泳道
a bus/cycle lane
公車/腳踏車車道
latter
› near or towards the end of something
後半程的,靠後的,末尾的
e.g.Building of the new library should begin in the latter part of next year. 新圖書館的建設應該在明年下半年開工。

the latter
› the second of two people, things or groups previously mentioned
(提及的兩者中的)後者
She offered me more money or a car and I chose the latter.
她提出給我更多的錢或者一輛汽車,我選擇了後者。
→ Compare former noun
leaf
› one of the flat, usually green parts of a plant which are joined at one end to the stem or branch
葉,葉片,葉子,樹葉
e.g. a palm leaf 棕櫚樹葉
league
› a group of teams playing a sport who take part in competitions between each other
(體育項目)聯合會,聯賽,聯盟
e.g. Who do you think will win the league championship this year? 你認為誰會獲得今年的聯賽冠軍?
e.g. the League of Nations 國際聯盟
lean
› to (cause to) slope in one direction, or to move the top part of the body in a particular direction
(使)傾斜,(使)向一側歪斜(v)
e.g. She leaned forward and whispered something in my ear. 她俯身過來和我耳語了幾句。
liberal
› respecting and allowing many different types of beliefs or behaviour 自由開放的,開放的,開明的(adj)
e.g. a liberal society/attitude 自由開放的社會/態度
e.g. He was very liberal with the wine. 對於酒他毫不吝嗇。
lid
› a cover on a container, which can be lifted up or removed
蓋,蓋子(n)
e.g.Can you get the lid off this jar?
你能把罐子的蓋打開嗎?
literature
› written artistic works, especially those with a high and lasting artistic value文學;(尤指有傳世價值的)文學作品 (n)
e.g. classical/modern literature 古典/現代文學

› all the information relating to a subject, especially information written by specialists 文獻,文獻資料
e.g. It's important to keep up-to-date with the literature in your field. 跟蹤閱讀最新的專業文獻非常重要。
liter
load V
› [C] the amount of weight carried, especially by a vehicle, a structure such as a bridge, or an animal
(尤指車輛、橋樑、動物等的)負重,負荷,載重(n)
e.g. The maximum load for this elevator is eight persons.
這部電梯的最大載客量爲八人。

a load ( also loads) informal
› a lot
許多,大量
I've got a load of work to get through before tomorrow.
明天之前我要完成很多工作。

› [C] the amount of work to be done by a person
工作量,工作任務
If we share the organization of the party, that will help spread the load a bit.
如果我們都分擔一些派對的組織工作,那麽就不至於忙不過來了。
unload
› to remove the contents of something, especially a load of goods from a vehicle, the bullets from a gun or the film from a camera 除去(內容物);(尤指)卸(貨);從(槍)中退出子彈;從(相機)中取出膠捲(v)
e.g.We watched a ship unloading (sacks of flour).
我們觀看了一艘貨輪卸貨(我們看著一袋袋麵粉從貨輪上卸下來)。
load N
› [I or T] to put a lot of things into a vehicle or machine
裝,裝載(v)
e.g.How long will it take to load this sand onto the lorry?
把這些沙子裝上貨車需要多長時間?

› to put film in a camera or bullets in a gun
裝上(底片);上(子彈)
Do not load the film (= put it into the camera) in bright light.
不要在光線亮的地方裝底片。
loose
› not firmly fixed in place 鬆的,鬆動的(adj)
e.g.There were some loose wires hanging out of the wall.
牆上搭著幾根沒有接好的電線。

› describes hair that is not tied back
(頭髮)鬆散的,披著的,散開的
Her hair was hanging loose about her shoulders.
她長髮垂肩。

› (of clothes) not fitting closely to the body寬鬆的,肥大的
e.g.Wear comfortable, loose clothing to your exercise class.
上體育課的時候,要穿些舒適寬鬆的衣服。

› not tightly controlled or not exact
未嚴加控制的;不嚴謹的,不精確的
It's a fairly loose adaptation of the novel.
它是根據小說的大致內容改編而成的。
lord
› (in the Christian religion) God or Jesus Christ
(基督教的)主,上帝,耶穌
e.g. Praise the Lord! 讚美上帝!
e.g the Lord Chancellor(英國的)大法官
› a male peer 老爺,貴族
manner
› the usual way in which you behave towards other people, or the way you behave on a particular occasion 態度;舉止
e.g. She has a rather cold, unfriendly manner.
她的態度相當冷淡、不友善。
e.g. He needs to be taught some manners.
他需要學些禮儀。

› [S] the way in which something is done
方式,方法
e.g. She stared at me in an accusing manner.
她以責備的目光注視著我。

manners [plural]
› polite ways of treating other people and behaving in public
風度;禮貌;禮儀
He needs to be taught some manners.
他需要學些禮儀。
massive
› very large in size, amount or number 巨大的;大量的(adj)
e.g.They've got a massive house. 他們有一座很大的房子。
mayor
› a person who is elected or chosen to be the leader of the group who governs a town or city 市長
medicine
e.g. cough medicine 止咳藥
e.g. paediatric/preventative medicine 兒科/預防醫學
mess
› [S or U] Something or someone that is a mess or is in a mess, looks dirty or untidy 骯髒;雜亂;不整潔的人(n)
e.g.He makes a terrible mess when he's cooking.
他做飯時總是把周圍弄得亂七八糟。

› [S] a situation that is full of problems
困境;混亂局面
She said that her life was a mess.
她說她的生活一團糟。
mild
› not violent, severe or extreme 溫和的;和緩的;輕微的
e.g.She can't accept even mild criticism of her work.
即使別人對她的作品略有微詞,她也不能接受。

› describes weather that is not very cold or not as cold as usual (天氣)溫和的,暖和的
e.g.We've had a mild winter this year.我們今年過了個暖冬.

› describes food or a food flavour that is not very strong
(食物或其味道)不濃烈的,淡的
e.g.He doesn't like a hot curry - he prefers a mild one.
他不喜歡辛辣的咖喱飯,而較喜歡味淡一點的。
mile
› [C] a unit of distance equal to 1760 yards or 1.6 kilometres 英里(長度單位,相當於1760碼或1.6公里)
e.g. a ten-mile drive 10英里的車程
military
› relating to or belonging to the armed forces
軍事的;軍用的
e.g. foreign military intervention 外國軍事幹預
mineral
› a chemical that your body needs to stay healthy
(人體所需的)礦物質
e.g. A healthy diet should supply all necessary vitamins and minerals. 健康的飲食應該提供所有必要的維生素和礦物質。

› being or consisting of a mineral or minerals
礦物的;含礦物的,有礦物質的
e.g.a mineral deposit (= substance or layer that is left) 礦層
minister
› a member of the government in Britain and many other countries who is in charge of a particular department or has an important position in it 部長;大臣
e.g. the foreign/health minister
外交/衛生部長

› a priest in particular parts of the Christian church
牧師
a minister at the local Baptist church
本地浸信會教堂的牧師
ministry
› a department of the government led by a minister
(政府的)部
e.g.the Ministry of Defence/Agriculture 國防/農業部

› [U] work as a minister
牧師職責
He practised a preaching and teaching ministry there for over 40 years.
他在那裡當了40多年的傳教和教學牧師。
minority
› a smaller number or part 少數
e.g.It's only a tiny minority of people who are causing the problem. 惹麻煩的只是極少數的人。

› any small group in society that is different from the rest because of their race, religion or political beliefs, or a person who belongs to such a group
少數民族;少數派;少數民族人士;少數派人士
e.g. ethnic/religious minorities 少數民族/宗教少數派
mixture
› [C] a substance made from a combination of different substances, or any combination of different things
混合物;混合體;混合料
e.g. The mixture of flour, water and yeast is then left in a warm place for four hours.
然後將麵粉、水和酵母的混合物放在暖和的地方發酵四小時。
motion
› [C or U] the act or process of moving, or a particular action or movement 動;運動;移動
e.g. The violent motion of the ship upset his stomach.
船的劇烈搖晃使他的胃很不舒服。

› a formal suggestion made, discussed and voted on at a meeting (會議中正式提出準備表決的)提議,動議
e.g. [+ to infinitive] Someone proposed a motion to increase the membership fee to £500 a year.
有人提議將會費增加至每年500英鎊。
mount
v.
› to gradually increase, rise, or get bigger
增加;增長;上升(v)
e.g.The children's excitement is mounting as Christmas gets nearer. 隨著聖誕臨近,孩子都越來越興奮。

› to get on a horse, bicycle, etc. in order to ride
騎上(馬、腳踏車等)
e.g. She mounted her horse and rode off. 她騎上馬走了。

› to go up or onto 登上
He mounted the platform and began to speak to the assembled crowd.
他登上講台,開始對集會的群眾發表演講。

to organize and begin an activity or event
組織;發動;開展;舉行
to mount an attack/campaign/challenge/protest
發動進攻/開展運動/提出挑戰/發起抗議
Mount
n.
› used as part of the name of a mountain
(用於山名前)山,峰
Mount Everest
珠穆朗瑪峰
mud
› earth that has become wet and sticky
泥,泥土;爛泥,泥漿;淤泥
e.g.The vehicles got bogged down in the heavy mud.
車輛深陷淤泥,動彈不得。
muscle
› [C or U] one of many tissues in the body that can tighten and relax to produce movement 肌肉
e.g. neck/back/leg/stomach muscles
頸/背/腿/胃部肌肉
musician
› someone who is skilled in playing music, usually as their job 音樂家;樂師;作曲家
mysterious
› strange, not known or not understood
神秘的事物,難以理解的事物,謎
e.g. She's an actress whose inner life has remained mysterious, despite the many interviews she has given.
作為一名演員,她雖然接受過多次採訪,但私生活依然很神秘。
native
› [before noun] relating to or describing someone's country or place of birth or someone who was born in a particular country or place 出生國的;出生地的;土生土長的
e.g. She returned to live and work in her native Japan.
她回到她的出生地日本生活和工作。

› a person who was born in a particular place, or a plant or animal that lives or grows naturally in a place and has not been brought from somewhere else
本地人;土生植物;本地的動物
e.g.a native of Monaco 摩納哥當地人
nation
› [C] a country, especially when thought of as a large group of people living in one area with their own government, language, traditions, 國家
e.g. All the nations of the world will be represented at the conference. 會上將有各國代表。
navy
› the part of a country's armed forces which is trained to operate at sea 海軍
e.g. My brother is an officer in the Navy.
我兄弟是海軍軍官。
neat
› tidy, with everything in its place 整潔的,整齊的;有序的
e.g. Your house is always so neat - how do you manage it with three children?
你的房子總是這麼整潔——你有三個孩子,是怎麼做到的?

› good 好的,妙的
e.g.That video game is really neat! 那個電子遊戲實在太棒了!

› clever and simple 簡單而聰明的
e.g.It would be a neat solution to the problem.
這會是一個巧妙的解決方法。

› (of a strong alcoholic drink) without anything, such as water or ice or another drink, added to it
(烈性酒)純的,不摻水的
e.g.I'll have a neat gin, please.
請給我來一杯不摻水的杜松子酒。
needle
› a thin metal pin, used in sewing, which is pointed at one end and has a hole called an eye at the other end for thread
針,縫衣針
e.g. a needle and thread 針線

› a very thin hollow pointed piece of metal which is connected to a syringe and used to take blood from the body or to put drugs or medicine in
注射針

› on a compass or measuring device, the thin moving part which points in a particular direction or points to a particular measurement
(指南針或測量儀器上的)指針

› a thin hard pointed leaf of a pine tree 松針,針葉
e.g. pine needles 松針

› the part of a record player which touches the record as it turns round and which is made of a hard material, such as a diamond 唱針
e.g.It sounds like the needle on your record player needs to be replaced. 聽上去像是唱機的唱針該換了。
nerve
› a group of long thin fibres (= structures like threads) that carry information or instructions between the brain and other parts of the body 神經
e.g. the optic nerve 視神經
e.g. a spinal nerve 脊神經

nerves [plural]
› worry or anxiety about something that is going to happen
緊張不安;提心吊膽
e.g.I never suffer from nerves when I'm speaking in public.
我當眾講話從不緊張。
nevertheless
› despite what has just been said or referred to
不過,仍然;儘管如此 (adv)
e.g. I knew a lot about the subject already, but her talk was interesting nevertheless.
關於這個話題我已經知道很多,但她的報告聽起來還是很有趣。
newly
› recently 最近,新近(adv)
e.g.the newly formed residents' association
新成立的居民委員會
nod
› to move your head down and then up, sometimes several times, especially to show agreement, approval or greeting or to show something by doing this
點頭;(尤指)點頭贊同,點頭致意,點頭示意(v)
e.g.Many people in the audience nodded in agreement.
許多聽眾點頭表示贊同。
noticeable
› easy to see or recognize
顯而易見的,明顯的,顯著的(adj)
e.g.There has been a noticeable improvement in Tim's cooking. 提姆的烹飪水準顯著提高。
novel
› a long printed story about imaginary characters and events(長篇)小說 (n)
e.g a paperback novel 平裝小說
nuclear
› being or using the power produced when the nucleus of an atom is divided or joined to another nucleus
核能的;使用核能的 (adj)
e.g. nuclear energy/power 核能/核動力
numerous
› many 許多的,大量的 (adj)
We have discussed these plans on numerous occasions.
我們已經多次討論過這些計劃。
occasion
› a particular time, especially when something happens or has happened(尤指某事發生的)時刻,時候(n)
e.g.We met on several occasions to discuss the issue.
我們幾次會面討論這個問題。
occasionally
› sometimes but not often 偶爾,間或;有時(adv)
e.g.I see him occasionally in town. 我偶爾在城裡見到他。
oddly
› in a strange or surprising way
奇怪地,古怪地;異常地;出人意料地(adv)
e.g. Didn't you think she was behaving rather oddly at the party yesterday?
你難道不覺得她昨天在聚會上表現得很古怪嗎?
offend
› to make someone upset or angry
冒犯;觸犯;得罪;惹惱 (v)
e.g.[+ that] I think she was a bit offended that she hadn't been invited to the party.
沒有邀請她參加聚會,我覺得她有點生氣。

› to commit a crime 犯罪,違法
e.g.Obviously if a police officer offends it's a fairly serious matter. 顯然,員警如果犯罪那可是件相當嚴重的事情。
offense
› an illegal act; a crime 犯罪行為;罪行(n)
e.g. a criminal/drink-driving offence 刑事/酒後駕車罪
offensive
› causing offence 冒犯的;令人不快的,討厭的(adj)
e.g.This programme contains language that some viewers might find offensive.
這個節目使用了某些觀眾可能覺得不快的語言。

› used for attacking 進攻(性)的;攻擊的
e.g. Since the other side had taken offensive action (= attacked), we had no choice but to defend ourselves.
既然對方已經採取了攻勢,我們除了自衛別無選擇。
opponent
› a person who disagrees with something and speaks against it or tries to change it 反對者;對手;敵手 (n)
e.g. a political opponent 政敵
oppose
› to disagree with something or someone, often by speaking or fighting against them 反對;反抗;抵制 (v)
e.g. The proposed new examination system has been vigorously opposed by teachers.
實行新考試制度的提議遭到教師們的強烈反對。
opposition
› strong disagreement(強烈的)反對,反抗,對抗(n)
e.g.There is a lot of opposition to the proposed changes.
對所提出的變革有很多反對意見。

› the team or person being played against in a sports competition(體育比賽中的)對方隊;對手 (n)
e.g.The opposition has/have some good players so it should be a tough match.
對方有一些不錯的選手,所以要贏得這場比賽會很艱難。
ordinary
› not different or special or unexpected in any way; usual
普通的,平常的;平凡的;一般的 (adj)
e.g.an ordinary neighbourhood 普通的街區
origin
› ( also origins) the beginning or cause of something
起源;源頭;起因(n)
e.g. It's a book about the origin of the universe.
這是一本關於宇宙起源的書。
ounce
› ( written abbreviation oz) a unit of weight equal to approximately 28 grams
盎司(重量單位,1盎司約等於28克)
e.g. There are 16 ounces in one pound.
1磅等於16盎司。
outer
› at a greater distance from the centre 遠離中心的;外圍的
e.g. outer London 外倫敦
oven
› the part of a cooker with a door, which is used to cook food 烤箱;烤爐(n)
e.g. a microwave oven 微波爐
owe
› to need to pay or give something to someone because they have lent money to you, or in exchange for something they have done for you 欠(債);欠(帳);該償還 (v)
pace
› the speed at which someone or something moves, or with which something happens or changes
(移動的)步調;(發生的)速度;節奏(n)
e.g. a slow/fast pace 慢/快步

a single step, or the distance you move when you take a single step 一步;一步之距
e.g.Take two paces forwards/backwards.
向前/向後邁兩步。
palace
› a large house that is the official home of a king, queen or other person of high social rank 宮殿(n)
e.g.a royal/presidential palace 王宮/總統官邸
pale
› describes someone's face or skin if it has less colour than usual, for example when they are ill or frightened, or if it has less colour than people generally have
(臉色或膚色)蒼白的,白的(adj)
e.g.You're looking pale - do you feel ill?
你看起來臉色蒼白——你病了嗎?

› describes light or a colour that is not bright or strong
暗淡的;淺的,淡的(adj)
e.g.She wore a pale blue hat. 她戴著一頂淺藍色的帽子。
panel
› a small group of people chosen to give advice, make a decision, or publicly discuss their opinions as entertainment(選定的)專家小組(n)
e.g.The competition will be judged by a panel of experts.
這次競賽將由一個專家小組評審。

› a flat, usually rectangular part, or piece of wood, metal, cloth, etc., that fits into or onto something larger
嵌板,鑲板(n)
e.g.a beautiful old door with oak panels
一扇鑲有橡木板的漂亮的老式門

e.g.a control/instrument panel控制/儀表板
pants
› UK → underpants 內褲
› US for trousers 褲子
e.g.a pair of pants 一條長褲
parliament
› [C or U] in some countries, the group of (usually) elected politicians or other people who make the laws for their country 議會;國會(n)
e.g.On Tuesday the country's parliament voted to establish its own army. 該國議會於週二投票決定建立自己的軍隊。
passage
› ( also passageway) a usually long and narrow part of a building with rooms on one or both sides, or a covered path which connects places 過道,走廊(n)
e.g. A narrow passage led directly through the house into the garden. 一條狹窄的通道直接從房子通向花園。

e.g.the nasal passages 鼻腔

› a short piece of writing or music which is part of a larger piece of work(文章的)段落;(音樂的)樂節
e.g. Several passages from the book were printed in a national newspaper before it was published.該書出版前,書中有幾段文字被刊載在一份全國性的報紙上。
passion
› a very powerful feeling, for example of sexual attraction, love, hate, anger or other emotion
激情,熱情;強烈情感
e.g. Football arouses a good deal of passion among its supporters. 足球喚起了球迷巨大的熱情。
pause
› to stop doing something for a short time
暫停,停頓 (v)
e.g He paused and thought for a moment.
他停下來想了一會兒。
patience
› the ability to wait, or to continue doing something despite difficulties, or to suffer without complaining or becoming annoyed 忍耐,耐心(n)
e.g.You have to have such a lot of patience when you're dealing with kids. 和孩子相處需要有這麼大的耐心才行。
pepper
› a greyish black or creamy coloured powder produced by crushing dry peppercorns, which is used to give a spicy hot taste to food 胡椒粉
e.g.freshly ground black pepper 現磨的黑胡椒粉
e.g. a red/green pepper 紅/青椒
permission
› If someone is given permission to do something, they are allowed to do it 允許,許可,准許(n)
e.g.[+ to infinitive] You will need permission from the council to extend your garage. 擴建車庫必須得到市議會的批准。
persuade
› to make someone do or believe something by giving them a good reason to do it or by talking to them and making them believe it 勸服;說服(v)
e.g. If she doesn't want to go, nothing you can say will persuade her. 如果她不想去,你是說甚麼也勸不動她的。
philosophy
› [U] the use of reason in understanding such things as the nature of reality and existence, the use and limits of knowledge and the principles that govern and influence moral judgment 哲學(n)
e.g. René Descartes is regarded as the founder of modern philosophy. 勒奈‧笛卡爾被視為現代哲學的奠基人。
phrase
› a group of words which is part rather than the whole of a sentence 片語 (n)

› a small group of notes forming a unit of a tune
樂句;樂節

› a short group of words which are often used together and have a particular meaning 說法;用語;警句
e.g. We are governed, in Lord Hailsham's famous phrase, by an 'elective dictatorship'.引用一下海爾什勳爵的名言,我們被「選舉出來的獨裁者」統治著
physics
› the scientific study of matter and energy and the effect that they have on each other 物理學 (n)
e.g. nuclear physics 核子物理學
pile
noun
› objects positioned one on top of another 疊;垛;堆
e.g. a large pile of sand 一大堆沙
pile
verb
› to arrange objects into a pile
把...堆積(或堆疊)起來
We piled plenty of logs up next to the fire.
我們在爐火旁堆了很多木柴。
Please pile your homework books neatly on the table as you leave.
離開時請把你們的作業本整齊地疊放在桌子上。
Her plate was piled (high) with salad.
她的盤子裡盛滿了沙拉。
pill
› a small solid piece of medicine which a person swallows without chewing (= crushing with the teeth) 藥丸;藥片
e.g. a sleeping pill 安眠藥
pilot
› a person who flies an aircraft 飛行員
e.g. a fighter/helicopter/bomber/airline pilot
戰鬥機/直升機/轟炸機/客機駕駛員
pin
› a small thin piece of metal with a point at one end, especially used for temporarily holding pieces of cloth together(尤指用於固定布料用的)別針,大頭針(n)
e.g. I'll keep the trouser patch in place with pins while I sew it on.在把褲子的補丁縫上去時,我會用別針把它固定好。

› to fasten something with a pin
(用別針等)別住,釘住,固定住(v)
e.g. A large picture of the president was pinned to/(up) on the office wall. 總統的巨幅照片釘在辦公室的牆上。
pint
› a measure for liquid equal to about half a litre
品脫(液量單位,約等於半升)
e.g. a pint of milk 一品脫牛奶
pitch
› an area painted with lines for playing particular sports, especially football 運動場地;(尤指)足球場 (n)
e.g.a football/hockey/cricket pitch 足球/曲棍球/板球場

› the level or degree of something 水準;程度(n)
e.g.The piano and organ were tuned to the same pitch (= note). 鋼琴和風琴被調校到同一音調上。

› to express or set something at a particular level
調校至某一水準(v)
e.g.The tune was pitched (= the notes in it were) too high for me to reach the top notes. 調定得太高,我唱不上去。
planet
› an extremely large round mass of rock and metal, such as Earth, or of gas, such as Jupiter, which moves in a circular path around the Sun or another star 行星
e.g. the planet Earth/Venus 地球/金星
plate
› a flat, usually round dish with a slightly raised edge that you eat from or serve food from 盤子,碟子
e.g. paper/plastic/china plates 紙/塑膠/瓷碟

› a flat piece of something that is hard and does not bend
平板;板條;板材
Thick bony plates protected the dinosaur against attack.
厚厚的骨質鱗甲幫助恐龍抵禦攻擊。
plot
› the story of a book, film, play, etc 情節(n)
e.g.The film has a very simple plot. 這部電影情節很簡單。

› a secret plan made by several people to do something that is wrong, harmful or not legal, especially to do damage to a person or a government 秘密計劃;陰謀(n)
e.g.The plot was discovered before it was carried out.
這項陰謀還未得逞就暴露了。

› a small piece of land that has been marked or measured for a particular purpose 小塊土地,小塊地皮(n)
e.g.a vegetable plot 菜地

› to mark or draw something on a piece of paper or a map
在紙或地圖上標出,畫出(v)

› to make a secret plan to do something wrong, harmful or illegal 秘密計劃;陰謀(v)
e.g.The army is plotting the overthrow of the government.
軍隊正密謀推翻政府。
plug
› a small plastic or rubber object with two or three metal pins which is fixed to the end of a wire on a piece of electrical equipment, and which is pushed into a special opening in a wall in order to connect the equipment to a supply of electricity 插頭
e.g. a three-pin/two-pin plug 三相/兩相插頭

› a round piece of rubber or plastic that fits into the hole in a sink or a bath (洗滌槽或浴缸的)塞子,栓
e.g. a bath plug 浴缸塞
poem
e.g. a book of love poems 愛情詩集
poetry
› poems in general as a form of literature(總稱)詩,詩歌
e.g. contemporary poetry and prose 當代詩歌散文
poison
› a substance that can make people or animals ill or kill them if they eat or drink it 毒;毒藥,毒物(n)
e.g. The pest control officer put bowls of rat poison in the attic. 蟲害防治官員在閣樓裡放了幾碗老鼠藥

to kill a person or animal or to make them very ill by giving them poison 毒殺,毒害,使中毒(v)
e.g. Four members of the family had been poisoned, but not fatally. 這家中有四口人被人下毒,但未致命。

› to put poison in someone's food or drink
在...放毒,在...下毒
He said that someone had poisoned his coffee.
他說有人在他咖啡裡下了毒。
pole
› a long thin stick of wood or metal, often used standing straight up in the ground to support things杆,柱
e.g.a telegraph/electricity pole 電線杆

› either of the two points at the most northern and most southern ends of the Earth, around which the Earth turns
(地球的)極(點)
e.g.the North/South Pole 北/南極

› either of two completely opposite or different opinions, positions or qualities
(意見、立場或特點)截然相反的一端,極端
e.g. These two men might be thought to represent the opposite poles of economic ideology.
這兩個人可能被認為是兩種極端的經濟思想體系的代表。
polish
› to rub something using a piece of cloth or brush to clean it and make it shine 擦,擦亮,磨光(v)
e.g. to polish the furniture 擦傢俱

› [S] when you clean something by rubbing it
磨光,擦亮
I'll just give my shoes a quick polish.
我要把我的鞋很快地擦一擦。
politician
› a member of a government or law-making organization
從政者,政治家,政客
e.g. a distinguished/disgraced politician
著名/失勢的政治家
pop
e.g. pop music 流行音樂
e.g. I heard a pop and the lights went out.
我聽到砰的一聲,燈就滅了。

› a short sharp sound, like something exploding
發出砰的一聲
I heard a pop and the lights went out.
我聽到砰的一聲,燈就滅了。

› to go to a particular place 去(v)
e.g.I've just got to pop into the bank to get some money.
我剛去銀行領了些錢。

› [I or T] to (cause something to) make a short explosive sound, often by breaking something
(使)發出砰的一聲;(使)爆開
The kids were popping all the birthday balloons.
孩子們把所有的生日氣球都弄爆了。
port
› a town by the sea or by a river which has a harbour, or the harbour itself 港市;港(n)
e.g. a naval/fishing/container port 軍港/漁港/貨櫃港
pose
verb
› to cause something, especially a problem or difficulty
造成,引起(尤指問題或困難)(v)
e.g.Nuclear weapons pose a threat to everyone.
核子武器對所有人都構成了威脅。

› to move into and stay in a particular position, in order to be photographed, painted, 擺好姿勢(拍照)(v)
e,g, We all posed for our photographs next to the Statue of Liberty. 我們都在自由女神像邊擺好了姿勢拍照。

› to pretend to be something that you are not or to have qualities that you do not have, in order to be admired or attract interest 假裝,冒充;裝腔作勢(v)
e.g.He doesn't really know a thing about the theatre-he's just posing! 他其實對戲劇一無所知—他只是在裝腔作勢!
pose
noun
› a particular position in which a person stands, sits, etc. in order to be photographed, painted,(n)
(為拍照、畫像等擺出的)樣子,姿勢

› when someone pretends to have qualities that they do not have 裝腔作勢(n)
possess
› to have or own something, or to have a particular quality
擁有;具有(v)
e.g.I don't possess a single DVD (= I don't have even one DVD). 我一張DVD光碟都沒有。

› (of a wish or an idea) to take control over a person's mind, making that person behave in a very strange way
(欲望或想法)影響,控制,支配
e.g.[+ to infinitive] Whatever possessed him to wear that appalling jacket! 他中了甚麼邪竟穿了那件怪異的夾克
poverty
› the condition of being extremely poor 貧困,貧窮
e.g.Two million people in the city live in abject (= very great) poverty. 這個城市有兩百萬人生活在赤貧中。
pour
to make a substance flow from a container, especially into another container, by raising just one side of the container that the substance is in 倒,注,灌
e.g.I spilled the juice while I was pouring it.
我倒果汁時不小心弄灑了。

› to (cause to) flow quickly and in large amounts
(使)傾瀉,(使)湧出
e.g.The bus was pouring out thick black exhaust fumes.
公共汽車在排出大量渾濁的黑色廢氣。
praise
› to express admiration or approval about the achievements or characteristics of a person or thing
讚揚,表揚(v)
e.g.He should be praised for his honesty.
他應該因為誠實而獲得表揚。

› when you say or show your admiration and approval for someone or something
讚揚,表揚(n)
e.g.They deserve praise for all their hard work.
他們如此辛苦地工作,理應受到表揚。
prayer
› [C] the words that someone says or thinks when they are praying 禱文,禱詞
e.g. a prayer of thanks 表示感謝的禱文

› [U] the act or ceremony in which someone prays
祈禱;祈禱儀式
I found her kneeling in prayer at the back of the church.
我發現她正跪在教堂後面祈禱。
precise
› exact and accurate 精確的;準確的,確切的
e.g. The bunker's precise location is a closely guarded secret. 掩體的確切位置嚴格保密。

› very careful and accurate, especially about small details
(尤指在細節上)嚴謹的,細緻的
e.g. Years of doing meticulous research had made her very precise in her working methods.
多年來一絲不苟的研究使她養成了嚴謹的工作方法
predict
› to say that an event or action will happen in the future, especially as a result of knowledge or experience
預言;預料,預計(v)
e.g.It's still not possible to accurately predict the occurrence of earthquakes.
現在仍無法準確預報地震的發生。
presence
› [S] when someone or something is in a place
出席,在場;(事物的)存在,出現(n)
e.g.She was overawed by the presence of so many people.
這麼多人在場,把她嚇壞了。

› [C usually singular] a feeling that someone is still in a place although they are not there or are dead
冥冥中有人的存在感
e.g.His daughter's presence seemed to fill her empty bedroom.他女兒仍在的感覺似乎使她的臥室不那麼空蕩蕩的。

e.g.stage presence 颱風
pregnant
› (of a woman and some female animals) having young developing inside the womb 懷孕的,妊娠的
e.g.She's five and a half months pregnant.
她懷孕有五個半月了。
premises
› the land and buildings owned by someone, especially by a company or organisation(尤指公司或機構的)房屋連同地基,生產場所,經營廠址,廠區 (n)
e.g.The company is relocating to new premises.
該公司要搬到新廠址去。
presumably
› used to say what you think is the likely situation
據推測,大概,可能
e.g. They can presumably afford to buy a bigger apartment.
他們大概買得起一間大一點的公寓。
priest
› a person, usually a man, who has been trained to perform religious duties in the Christian Church, especially the Roman Catholic Church, or a person with particular duties in some other religions
神父,牧師,司鐸;(基督教以外的)神職人員
e.g. Father O'Dooley was ordained a priest in 1949.
奧杜利神父是1949年被授予神父職位的。
prime minister
› the leader of the government in some countries
首相;總理
principal
› first in order of importance 最重要的(adj)
e.g. Iraq's principal export is oil.
伊拉克最重要的出口商品是石油。

› the person in charge of a school or college for children aged between approximately 11 and 18
(中小學或學院的)校長(n)

› an amount of money which someone has invested in a bank or lent to a person or organization so that they will receive interest on it from the bank, person or organization
本金;可生息的資本(n)
e.g. She lives off the interest and tries to keep the principal intact.她靠利息過日子,儘量不動用本金。
principle
› [C] a basic idea or rule that explains or controls how something happens or works 原理;原則(n)
e.g. the principles of the criminal justice system
刑事審判制度的原則

› a moral rule or standard of good behaviour
(行為)準則;道德;為人之道
e.g. She doesn't have any principles. 她毫無道德可言。
prior
› slightly formal existing or happening before something else, or before a particular time 在先的,在前的;居先的
e.g. The course required no prior knowledge of Spanish.
這門課不要求先前學過西班牙語。

› more important 更重要的;優先的
e.g. Mothers with young children have a prior claim on funds. 撫育幼兒的母親擁有優先獲得補助的權利。
prisoner
› a person who is kept in prison as a punishment
犯人,囚犯
e.g. Prisoners climbed onto the prison roof to protest at the conditions inside the prison.
犯人們爬上監獄屋頂對監獄裡的條件環境表示抗議。
prize
› something valuable, such as an amount of money, that is given to someone who succeeds in a competition or game or that is given to someone as a reward for doing very good work 獎;獎賞;獎金
e.g. The critics' prize for best film was won by Marc Abbott for 'Belly Laugh'. 馬克•阿博特的《捧腹大笑》被評論家們評為最佳影片。
proceed
› slightly formal to continue as planned 繼續進行,繼續做
e.g. His lawyers have decided not to proceed with the case.
他的律師已經決定不再繼續打那場官司了。
process
› a series of actions that you take in order to achieve a result 過程;步驟(n)
e.g. the peace process 和平進程

› to deal with documents in an official way 處理;辦理(v)
e.g. Visa applications take 28 days to process.
辦理簽證申請需要28天的時間。
progress
› movement to an improved or more developed state, or to a forward position進步,進展(n)
e.g. Technological progress has been so rapid over the last few years. 在最近幾年中,科技進步如此迅猛。

› to improve or develop in skills, knowledge,
進步;改進;進展(v)
e.g. My Spanish never really progressed beyond the stage of being able to order drinks at the bar.
我的西班牙語一點也沒提升,真的,也就是只能在酒吧點飲料用用而已
prompt
› (of an action) done quickly and without delay, or (of a person) acting quickly or arriving at the arranged time
迅速的;敏捷的;及時的 (adj)
e.g. They've written back already - that was a very prompt reply. 他們已經回信了——答覆相當迅速。

› to make something happen 引起;導致;激起(v)
e.g. The bishop's speech has prompted an angry response from both political parties.
主教的發言激起了兩大政黨的憤怒回應。

› to help someone, especially an actor, to remember what they were going to say or do(尤指)給(演員)提詞(v)
e.g. I forgot my line and had to be prompted.
我忘詞了,只好讓人提詞。
proof
› a fact or piece of information which shows that something exists or is true 證據;證物;證明
e.g. [+ that] Do they have any proof that it was Hampson who stole the goods?
他們有甚麼證據證明是漢普森偷了貨物?
proper
› real, satisfactory, suitable or correct
適合的;適當的;恰當的;正確的
e.g. This is Sara's first proper job - she usually does temporary work just for the money.
這是莎拉的第一份正式工作——她通常只是為了賺錢而打零工。
propose
› [T] to offer or state a possible plan or action for other people to consider 建議;提議;提出
e.g. [+ that] I propose that we wait until the budget has been announced before committing ourselves to any expenditure.
我建議我們在還沒宣佈預算以前不要有任何支出。

› to intend to do something 計劃,打算
e.g. [+ to infinitive] How do you propose to complete the project in such a short time scale?
你打算怎樣在這麼短的時間內完成這個專案計劃?
prospect
› [C or U] the possibility that something good might happen in the future(發生好事情的)可能,可能性,機會
e.g. Is there any prospect of the weather improving?
天氣有可能好轉嗎?

› a good view of a large land area or of a city 景色;景觀
e.g. From the restaurant there was a marvellous prospect of/over Siena and the countryside beyond.
從餐廳可以看到/俯瞰錫耶納和更遠處鄉村的美妙景色。
pride
› a feeling of pleasure and satisfaction that you get because you or people connected with you have done or got something good 自豪,得意(n)
e.g. She felt a great sense of pride as she watched him accept the award. 看著他接過那個獎她感到非常自豪。

› your feelings of your own worth and respect for yourself
自尊(心)(n)
e.g. She has too much pride to accept any help.
她自尊心太強,不肯接受任何幫助。
proud
› feeling pleasure and satisfaction because you or people connected with you have done or got something good
自豪的,得意的 (adj)
e.g.You must be very proud of your son.
你一定為你的兒子感到非常自豪。

› having or showing self-respect
有自尊心的,自尊的,自重的(adj)
e.g.We Albanians are a proud people.
我們阿爾巴尼亞人是個有自尊心的民族。
prove
› [T, L] to show a particular result after a period of time
證明是,結果是
e.g. The operation proved a complete success.
這場手術結果是大成功。

› to show that something is true 證明,證實
e.g.[+ that] They suspected that she'd killed him but they could never actually prove that it was her.
他們懷疑她殺了他,但他們從來未能確切證明是她幹的
publication
› [U] the act of making information or stories available to people in a printed form 發表;公佈;出版(n)
e.g. The brochure will be ready for publication in September. 這本小冊子將在九月份出版。
publicity
› the activity of making certain that someone or something attracts a lot of interest or attention from many people, or the attention received as a result of this activity
宣傳活動;宣傳,推廣;關注 (n)
e.g. He attracted a lot of adverse/bad publicity with his speech about unmarried mothers.
他針對未婚媽媽所作的演講招致了媒體的不少抨擊。
publish
› to make information available to people, especially in a book, magazine or newspaper, or to produce and sell a book, magazine or newspaper 公佈;出版;發表(v)

e.g She's just had an article published in their weekend supplement. 她剛在他們週末版的增刊上發表了一篇文章。
punch
› to hit someone or something with your fist (= closed hand) 用拳猛擊(v)
e.g.He punched him in the stomach.
他朝他的肚子上猛擊了一拳。
e.g.I was just punching holes in some sheets of paper.
我剛才在幾張紙上打孔。

› a forceful hit with a fist (= closed hand)
一拳,一擊(n)
e.g. She gave him a punch UK on/ US in the nose.
她朝著他的鼻子打了一拳。

› a piece of equipment which cuts holes in a material by pushing a piece of metal through it打孔器(n)
e.g. a ticket punch 剪票鉗
pursue
› If you pursue a plan, activity or situation, you try to do it or achieve it, usually over a long period of time
追求,從事,實行
e.g. He decided to pursue a career in television.
他決心從事電視廣播業。

› to follow someone or something, usually to try to catch or kill them 追趕;追捕;追擊
e.g. The car was pursued by helicopters.
這輛車遭到多架直升機追捕。
quiet
› making very little noise 靜的,安靜的,輕輕的
e.g.She spoke in a quiet voice so as not to wake him.
她輕聲說話,以免吵醒他。
quite
› a little or a lot but not completely 相當,很,頗(adv)
e.g.I'm quite tired but I can certainly walk a little further.
我有些累,但肯定還能再多走一會兒。
quote
› [I or T] to repeat the words that someone else has said or written 引用,引述,援引
e.g. He's always quoting from the Bible.
他總是引用《聖經》上的話。

› to give a price, especially one that will be charged for doing a piece of work 報價
e.g.The architect has quoted £40,000 to build an extension.
擴建部分建築師開價40000英鎊。