418 terms

Classics 205 ALL GREEK BASES

STUDY
PLAY
ALG-
pain
-ALGESIA
sense of pain
ARTHR-
joint, speech sound, articulation
BI-
life
BALL-, BOL-, -BLE
to throw, to put
BRADY-
slow
CRYPT-
hidden
DROM-
running, course
GE-
earth
HOD-, OD-
road, way
MNE-
to remember
MORPH-
form
ODONT-
tooth
PHOR-, PHER-
to bear, to go
PLEX-
stroke
PLEG-
paralysis
POD-, -PUS
foot
PROCT-
anus, rectum
STOL-, STAL-, -STLE
to send, to contract
STOM-, STOMAT-
mouth, opening
TROP-, TREP-
to turn, response to stimulus
UR-
urine, urinary system
URE-
to urinate
BUL- (BOUL-)
will
CARDI-
heart
CEPHAL-
head
enCEPHAL-
brain
CHONDR-, CHONDRI-
cartilage, granule
DEM-
people, country
DERM-, DERMAT-
skin
GAM-
marriage, union
LECITH-
yolk
OPHTHALM-
eye
OST(E)-
bone
PHYLL-
leaf
PHYT-
plant, growth
PLAS(T)-
to form, to mold
SOM-, SOMAT-
body
THEC(A)-
case, sheath
THERM-
heat
TOM-
to cut, section
enTOM-
insect
TOP-
place
TROPH-
nourishment, development
ZO-
animal, living being
ACOU- (ACU-)
to hear
AMBLY-
dull
ANTH-
flower
CHROM-, CHROMAT-, CHRO-
color
DACTYL-
finger, toe
DE-
to bind
DESM-
ligament
ENTER-
intestine
ERG-
work
ESTHE- (AESTHE-)
to feel, to perceive
GER-, GERONT-
old person, old age
GNATH-
jaw
GNO-
to know
GRAPH-
to write
-GRAM
thing written
HEPAT-, HEPAR-
liver
KINE- (CINE-)
to move
LEX-
to read
MY-, MYS-, MYOS-
muscle
NEPHR-
kidney
OSM-
smell
THE-
to put, to place
AMYGDAL-
almond, tonsil
ANDR-
man, male
ANTHROP-
man, human being
CHRON-
time
CLAD-
branch
DYNAM-, DYN-
power
EME-
to vomit
GYMN-
naked, uncovered
GYN(E)-, GYNEC- (GYNAEC-)
female
HELIC-, HELIX-
spiral
HYDR-
water, fluid
IATR-
physician, medical treatment
MELAN-
black, dark
NECR-
corpse, dead tissue
OLIG-
few, scanty
PED- (PAED-)
child
-pedia
instruction
PHAG-
to eat
PHIL-
to love, have an affinity for
POLY-
many, much
TARS-
instep, edge of the eye
ACR-
extremity, summit
AMYL-
starch
BAR-
weight, pressure
BARY-
heavy
BLENN-
mucus
CYT-
cell
DIPS-
thirst
DREPAN-
sickle
ERYTHR-
red
GLYC-
sugar
GLYCOS-
sugar, glucose
HIST- HISTI-
tissue
HYSTER-
uterus, hysteria
ICHTY-
fish
IRID-, IRIS-
iris, rainbow
ISCH-
to suppress
LAPAR-
abdomen, soft part of the body between the ribs and hip
LIP-
fat
MAST-, MAZ-
breast
PHREN-
mind, diaphragm
PY-
pus
THANAT-
death
ACANTH-
thorn, prickle
AER-
air, gas
AUT-
self
BLEPHAR-
eyelid
CARCIN-
cancer
CHEIL- (CHIL-)
lip
COL-
colon
COPR-
excrement
CRY-, CRYM-
cold, ice
CYST-
bladder, cyst, sac
DACRY-
tear
GASTR- (GASTER-)
stomach, belly of a muscle
HELMINTH-
worm
HETER-
other, different
HYGR-
moisture
MEN-
moon, menstruation
OT-
ear
PSYCH-
mind, soul
RHIN-, -RRHIN-
nose
TAC-, TAX- (EX: taxonomy)
to arrange, to put in order
ACTIN-
ray
ARGYR-
silver
BA-
to step, to go, to walk
BROM-
stench, bromine
CHOL(E)-
bile, gall
CLAS-
to break
CRANI-
cranium
CRI-
to separate, to distinguish
CRIN-
to secrete
EURY(S)-
wide
HEM-, HEMAT- (HAEM-, HAEMAT-)
blood
HIDRO(S)-
sweat
LITH-, -LITE
stone
MYI-
fly
OP-, OPT-
eye, to see
PROSOP-
face
ORTH-
straight, correct
PHA-, PHAN-
to appear, to show
RHE-, -RRH
to flow, current
SCOP-
to view
STA-
to stand, to stop, to fix, to regulate
STYL-
pillar
BLEP-
to see
COR(E)-
pupil of the eye
CRA-
to mix
CYAN-
blue
CYE-
to be pregnant
GALACT-, GALA-
milk
GEU-
to taste
GLOSS-, GLOT(T)-
tongue, language
IDI-
one's own, peculiar, distinct
IS-
equal, same
LAL-
to talk
MEGA-, MEGAL-
large, one million
MOGI-
difficult
NE-
new, new and different form of
ODYN-
pain
ONYCH-
finger or toenail, claw
PATH-
disease, suffering, feeling
PEP(S)-, PEPT-
to digest
PSEUD-
false
TELE-
afar, operating at a distance
ADEN-
gland
ANGI-
vessel
ARACHN-
spider
ASTR-, ASTER-
star
BLAST-
bud, germ, embryonic cell
CHLOR-
green, chlorine
COCC-
berry-shaped organism
CONI-
dust
EO(S)-
dawn or early age, rosy
LY-
to loosen, to dissolve, to break up
MENING-
membrane, especially meninges, the membranes enveloping the brain and spinal cord (MENINX)
METR-
uterus
MYC-, MYCET-
fungus
MYEL-
spinal cord, marrow
NEUR-
nerve, nervous system, tendon
ORCH(I)-, ORCHID-
testicle
PAN-, PANT-
all, complete
PNEUMON-, PNEUM-
lung
POLI-
gray
THROMB-
clot
AGOG(UE)-
inducing the flow of, expelling
ARCH(E)-
ancient, beginning, primitive
AUX(E)-
increase
DIDYM-
twin, testicle
GYR-
circle, ring
HIPP-
horse
ISCHI-
hip
LEP-
to seize
MACR-
large, long
MEL-
limb
MICR-
small, one millionth
NARC-
stupor
OMPHAL-
naval
PEX-
to fasten
PAG-
united
PLATY(S)-
broad, flat
SAPR-
rotten
SIAL-
saliva
STHEN-
strength
TACH(Y)-
swift
UR-
tail
ASC-
bag
BRANCHI-
gills
CARP-
fruit
-CELE
hernia, swelling
COLP-
vagina
GEN(E)-, GON-
to be produced, to produce
GON-
seed
HELI-
sun
MER-
part
NYCT-
night
ONYM-
name
OO-
egg
PACHY-
thick
PEN-
deficiency, want
PHLEB-
vein
PHTHI-
to waste away
PHYC-
seaweed, algae
PTO-
to fall
SALPING-
tube, specifically "eustachian or fallopian tube"
SAUR-
lizard
XANTH-
yellow
-AGRA
painful seizure
BRACHI-
arm
CENTE-
to puncture
CHIR, CHEIR-
hand
CEL(I)-, COEL-, -COEL
cavity, abdominal cavity
DENDR-
tree
HYAL-
glass, vitreous body of the eye
LARYNG-
larynx
LEI-
smooth
MALAC-
soft
MASTIG-
whip, flagellum
MIS-
hate
PTER-, PTERYG(I)-
wing, fin
SCHIZ-, SCHIS(T)-
to split
SPLANCHN-
entrails, viscera
THI-
sulfur
THORAC-
chest, thorax
TOX-
poison
TRICH- (THRIX-)
hair
XER-
dry
ALL-
other, different
ANKYL-
bent, stiff, adhesion of parts
CYCL-
circle, wheel, ciliary body of the eye
ER-, EROT-
love
GENY
jaw, cheek
GENI-
chin
HOL-
whole, entire
HOM, HOME-
same, similar
HYPN-
sleep
IDE-
idea, mental image
LEUK- (LEUC-) (EX: LEUKOCYTE)
white
ONT-
being, individual
PHYL-
race, class
PYEL-
pelvis, especially of the kidney
PYG-
buttocks
STEAR-, STEAT-
fat, tallow
STREPT-, STROPH-
turned, twisted
THALL-
young shoot
THYM-
mind, emotions
TRIB-, TRIP-
to rub, to crush
ZYG-
yoke
HEMI-
half
MON-
single, one
PROT-
first, original, primitive
DI-
twice, double
DICH-
in two
DEUT-, DEUTER-
second
TRI-
three
TETR(A)-
four
PENT(A)-
five
HEX(A)-
six
HEPT(A)-
seven
OCT(A)-
eight
ENNE(A)-
nine
DEC(A)-
ten
HECT-
hundred
KILO-
one thousand
BRACHY-
short
CAC- (KAK-)
bad
CAU-, CAUS-
to burn
CLI-, CLEI-
to close
CLEIST-
closed
CLY(S)-
to wash
CROT-
pulse beat
DOLICH-
long
EDE-
to swell
LEPT-
thin, delicate
LOG-
word, speech, reason
MES-
middle
MYX-
mucus, slime
OXY-, OX-
sharp, acid, oxygen
PETR-
rock
PHON-
sound, voice
PHOT-
light
POIE-
to make
PRESBY-
old
PYR-, PYRET-
fire, fever
PYREX-
fever
RHIZ-, -RRHIZ-
root
GLAUC-
slivery, gray-green
GON(Y)-, GONAT-
knee
(H)APT-
to touch
(H)APH-
sense of touch
KARY-, CARY-
nucleus, nut
KERAT-, CERAT-, KER-, CER-,
horn, horny tissue, cornea
LEPID-
scale
NEM-, NEMAT-
thread
NOS-
disease
ONC-, -ONCUS
tumor, swelling
PHRA-
to speak
PNEUM-, PNEUMAT-
air, gas
PHYLAC(T)-
to guard, to protect
PORPHYR-
purple
SARC-
flesh
SCLER-
hard
SEP-
to rot, to putrify
SIT-
food
SPLEN-
spleen
STEN-
narrow
STERE-
solid, three-dimensional
CYN-
dog
HAPL-
single
KYM-, CYM-
wave
LEMM(A)-
sheath, husk
LOPH-
crest, ridge, tuft
LOPHI-
small crest, lophion
LYMPH-
water, lymph
MIT-
thread
ORNIS-, ORNITH-
bird
PALE-, (PALAE-)
old, ancient
PHA-
to speak
PHEM-
voice
PHRAG-
to block up, to wall in
PLAN-
wandering
PLEUR-
side, rib, pleura
-PLO-
folded, fold (as in "threefold")
PNE(A)-, PNEUST-
breathing
RHAPH-, -RRHAPH-
to sew, to suture
SPA-
to draw, to jerk
STAPHYL-
bunch of grapes, uvula
STETH-
chest
XEN-
host, stranger, foreigner
BALAN-
acron, the glans penis
BRY-
moss
CAMP(T)-, CAMPYL-
bent
CARP-
wrist
CERC-
tail
CLEID-
clavicle
DOCH-
to take or receive
ECH-
echo, reptition
GANGLI-
mass of nerve tissue, small cyst or swelling
GLI-
glue
IN-
fiber, muscle
RHACH(I)-, RACH(I)-, -RRHACH-
the spine
-RRHAG-
excessive discharge, usually of blood
SPHYGM-
pulse
SPONDYL-
vertebra
STERN-
chest, breastbone
THEL-
nipple
TOC-, TOK-
childbirth
TRE(T)-
to bore, to perforate
ZYM-
ferment, enzyme
ADELPH-
brother
ANCON-
elbow
CALYPT(R)-
hidden
CHORD-
cord
CHOR(I)-
fetal membrane, tunic of the eye ball
CLON(US)-
muscle spasm
COLL(A)-
glue
EC-, OEC-, OEK- OIK-, OIC-
house
NOT-
the back
OM-
shoulder
OPISTH-
behind
PHY-
to grow
POR-
passage, pore
PTY-
to spit
PTYAL-
saliva
RHABD-
rod
SPOR-
seed, spore
STIG-
pricking, mark, point
TEL(E)-,
completion, end, purpose
TROCH-
wheel, disk
XYL-
wood
ALEX-
to ward off
ANTR-
cavity, sinus
BRONCH(I)-
air tube
CHLAMYD-
cloak, envelope
CHY-
to pour
CHYM-, CHYL-
juice
CONDYL-
knob, knuckle
CORM-
trunk of a tree or body
GON(I)-
angle
HAL-
salt
PALI(N)-
again, back
POIKIL-
varied, irregular, mottled
PYCN-, PYKN-
thick, frequent
PYL(E)-
gate, entrance
SPEM(A)-, SPERMAT-
seed, semen
SPHEN-
wedge
SPIR-
coil
SYRING-
pipe, tube
TA-
to stretch
TON-
stretching, tension
TRACHEL-
neck