a religious community of men (called monks) who have given up thier possesions to devote themselves to a life of prayer & worship
in feudal Europe, a person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty & military serives.
a code of behavior for knights in medieval Europe ; stressing ideals such as courage, loyalty, and devotion.
a medieval poet & musician who traveled from place to place and entertained people with songs of courtly love.
any official of a Church who perform religious services; priests, ministers and rabbis. (multi religious)
Holy Roman Empire
an empire established in Europe in the 10th century AD originally consisting of mainly lands now in Germany & Italy.
people of Roman province of Gaul; a Germanic people ruled by a king named Clovis ((last of the ancient Merovingian Dynasty)
literally "mayor of the palace" - the most powerful person (official) in the kingdom; was in charge of the royal household & estates- was the unofficial commander of the armies and made policy.
a Germanic people from Scandinavia ( Finland, Sweden & Norway)-also called Northmen or Norsemen - were a warlike, nomadic people who were great seafarers, traders and explorers - they intermixed with the Franks and other Germanic tribes through Europe and even explored North America around 1000 CE.
mock battles performed by knights for entertainment and also training for combat-often resulted in violent and bloody deaths for sport.