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Constitution Terms (ch 5)

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republic
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
confederation
An alliance of independent states
constitution
a written plan of government
federalism
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
legislative branch
the branch of government that makes the laws (Congress on the national level)
executive branch
the branch of government that carries out the laws (the President and his cabinet, on a national level)
judicial branch
the brach of government that interprets the laws (the Supreme Court on a national level)
checks and balances
each branch of the national government can check the actions of the other two branches. This keeps each branch from abusing its powers.
electoral college
a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
ratify
to approve
central/federal/national government
all 3 describe the unifying government in Washington, D.C.
sovereign
the main, controlling power
article
a section of the Constitution
compromise
Agreement between two or more sides in which each side gives up some of what it wants.
amendment
A change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
delegate
A representative to a meeting
Federalist
Supporters of the Constitution that were led by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. They firmly believed the national government should be strong.
Anti-Federalist
Opposed the adoption of the U.S. Constitution b/c it gave too much power to the national govt at the expense of the state govts and it lacked a bill of rights
branch
a part of government; we have 3