localized, tender, raised area close to the bone. It can occur from a small hidden fracture of the bone, following surgery, or from other trauma to the area. It typically occurs in bones located close to the surface of the skin, such as the shin, knee, and heel bone. Although it may take 2 or more weeks to completely heal, bone bruises typically are not associated with permanent or serious damage to the bone. If you are taking blood thinners, you may be at greater risk for such injuries.
A bone bruise is usually caused by high-impact trauma to the bone, but it can be caused by sports injuries or twisting injuries.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Severe pain around the injured area that typically lasts longer than a normal bruise.
Difficulty using the bruised area.
Tender, raised area close to the bone.
Discoloration or swelling of the bruised area.
You may need an MRI of the injured area to confirm a bone bruise if your health care provider feels it is necessary. A regular X-ray will not detect a bone bruise, but it will detect a broken bone (fracture). An X-ray may be taken to rule out any fractures.
Often, the best treatment for a bone bruise is resting, icing, and applying cold compresses to the injured area. Over-the-counter medicines may also be recommended for pain control.