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Terms in this set (30)
An arrest is the taking of a person into custody in a case and in the manner authorized by law.
A crime is an act or omission forbidden by law, punishable upon conviction by death, imprisonment, fine or other penal discipline.
Probable cause exists when the facts and circumstances known to the officer would warrant a prudent man in believing that a crime had been committed and that the accused had committed it.
Facts or circumstances, which would lead a reasonable person to believe a crime has been, is being or is about to be committed.
Officers should slow the momentum and potentially violent encounters and use verbal persuasion and other tactics and alternatives to a higher level of force when feasible. Officers should recognize that they may withdraw to a position that is tactically more secure or allows them greater distance.
A manner of posture and interaction, which conveys authority, commands attention, shows confidence, and this increases credibility
a police intrusion on a person's reasonable and legitimate expectation of privacy
a police interference with a person's freedom of movement or their right to control or possess property
Low level force is a level of force or control that is neither likely not intended to cause injury
Reasonable force is an objective standard of force viewed from the perspective of a reasonable officer, without the benefit of 20/20 hindsight, and based on the totality of the circumstances presented at the moment the force is used.
A level of force greater than low-level force which has potential to cause reasonable injury or substantial pain. for an officer to use intermediate force, a subject must be displaying at least Aggressive Resistance
Refers to an impending violent act or resistance that an officer reasonably believes will occur, based on the totality of the circumstances.
When a subject's resistance or actions display in an intent to do harm which presents an imminent threat to the safety of an officer or another.
Punishable by death or imprisonment in the state penitentiary
Punishable by fine of not more than $2,000.00 or imprisonment in the county jail for not more than 1 year or by both fine and imprisonment.
Punishable by fine of not more than $1,000.00 or imprisonment in the city or county jail for not more than 6 months, or by both fine and imprisonment.
Deadly force is that degree of force, which is likely to produce death or serious bodily injury. Deadly force can also result from a force option being improperly applied. Deadly force is only justified when a subject displays aggravated aggressive resistance and all four elements or deadly force exist simultaneously.
Any instrument, which by its contemplated design or by the manner it is used, is readily capable of causing substantial bodily harm or death.
Elements of a crime
In every crime or public offense there must exist a union or joint operation of act and intention, or criminal negligence.
Every person who, by day or night, forcibly enters an inhabited dwelling without permission of the owner, resident or lawful occupant, which involves any act of physical force resulting in damage to the structure, whether or not a person is present at the time of the entry, is guilty of invasion of the home.
A state of mind in which a person seeks a particular result through a particular course of action.
Aggravated aggressive resistance
When a subjects resistance or actions are likely to cause substantial bodily harm or death
Unlawfully attempting to use physical force against another person; or intentionally place another person in reasonable apprehension of immediate bodily harm.
Any willful and unlawful use of force or violence upon the person of another.
Every person who, either by day or night, enters any structure with intent to commit grand or petit larceny, any felony, assault or battery, or to obtain money or property by false pretenses, is guilty of burglary.
Substantial Bodily Harm
Any bodily injury which creates a substantial risk of death, causes serious permanent disfigurement, protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member, organ or prolonged physical pain.
A person who subjects another person to sexual penetration, or who forces another person to make a sexual penetration on himself or another, against the victim's will is guilty of sexual assault.
Larceny from person
The unlawful taking, from the person of another, without his consent, any money, property or thing of value, under circumstances not amounting to robbery
The unlawful taking of personal property from the person of another, or in his presence, against his will, by means of force or violence or fear of injury immediate or future.
Statutory Sexual Seduction
Statutory sexual deduction means ordinary sexual intercourse, anal intercourse, cunnilingus or fellatio committed by a person 18 years of age or older with a consenting person under the age of 16 years.
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