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55 terms

English Exam Vocab

STUDY
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jingoist
extremely aggressive and militant patriot; warlike chauvinist; N. jingoism: extreme nationalism
lothario
a successful womanizer
nemesis
an opponent that cannot be beaten or overcome
philippic
a speech of violent denunciation. a bitter verbal attack
procrustean
cruel or inflexible in enforcing conformity
protean
taking on different forms
quixotic
not sensible about practical matters
saturnine
bitter or scornful
convivial
(adj.) festive, sociable, having fun together, genial
churlish
(adj.) lacking politeness or good manners; lacking sensitivity; difficult to work with or deal with; rude
bilious
bad tempered; cross
lachrymose
given to tears or weeping; causing to shed tears; mournful, lugubrious. Sad.
avaricious
immoderately desire of acquiring wealth
craven
lacking even the rudiments of courage
captious
tending to find and call attention to faults.
cabal
a clique (often secret) that seeks power usually through intrigue
camaraderie
the quality of affording easy familiarity and sociability. A band of men forming a relationship.
cortege
the group following and attending to some important person
détente
relaxing of political tensions
echelon
one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation or arrangement
ecumenical
concerned with promoting unity among churches or religions
esprit de corps
the spirit of a group that makes the members want the group to succeed
hobnob
to associate in a friendly manner
liaison
contact that keeps parties in communication; communication between groups; one that maintains communication; go-between. A liaison to the military
imbroglio
difficult or embarrassing situation
libretto
the text of an opera or other dramatic musical work
limbo
the state of being disregarded or forgotten
salvo
a burst of gunfire or cannon shot, often as a tribute or salute; a sudden burst of anything; a spirited verbal attack
vendetta
a feud in which members of the opposing parties murder each other
virago
a noisy or scolding or domineering woman
alienist
a psychiatrist and specialist in the legal aspects of mental illness
charlatan
a flamboyant deceiver
entomologist
a scientist who studies insects
ophthalmologist
a medical doctor specializing in the treatment of diseases of the eye
bacchanal
a wild gathering involving excessive drinking and promiscuity
phoenix
anything that is restored after suffering great destruction
amatory
expressive of or exciting sexual love or romance
hydra
trouble that cannot be overcome by a single effort because of its many aspects or its persistent and pervasive quality
Cassandra
one who prophesies doom or disaster; pessimist
herculean
displaying superhuman strength or power
first person narrator
a narrator within the story who tells the story from the "I" perspective
climax
the decisive moment in a novel or play
antagonist
the character who works against the protagonist in the story
omniscient narrator
a narrator who is able to know, see, and tell all, including the inner thoughts and feelings of the characters
limited omniscient narrator
The third person narrator relates the thoughts and feelings of only one character.
rising action
events leading up to the climax
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
exposition
an account that sets forth the meaning or intent of a writing or discourse
plot
the story that is told in a novel or play or movie etc.
flashback
a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story
setting
the context and environment in which something is set
dynamic
Characterized by action or force of ones personality.
static
A character having no motion or change throughout the story.
conventional symbol
A concrete object that stands for something else that is widely recognized by a society or culture (e.g. heart-love, flag-patriotism, dove-peace)
symbol
an arbitrary sign (written or printed) that has acquired a conventional significance