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mutation that's any change in the genetic code that leads to placement of a different amino acid during translation (a codon is changed)
mutation that alters a base but does not change the amino acid (because it gets another codon for the same acid)
frameshift mutation, complete change of proteins
mutation that that happens because a reading frame of mRNA has been changed by insertion or deletion of bases. does this change the protein being made?
mutation repair where special enzymes remove incorrect bases and add correct ones. only seen in some bacteria.
ames test, mutation
the _____ test expresses back mutation. a bacterial gene is marked and used to test the _______ rate of a chemical.
in the ames test, the _____ the rate of back mutation, the more ______ the mutagen (carcinogen in humans)
the _______test proved that dna from a dead cell can be acquired and expressed by a live cell
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