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15 terms

Biology parts of a cell

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Nucleus
This organelle controls the cell's activities and contains the DNA
Smooth ER
Complex network that transports materials throughout the cell, stores enzymes and chemicals
Lysosomes
An organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing degradative enzymes enclosed in a membrane.
Vacuoles
Storage sacks for water, salts, proteins, carbohydrates, food or waste
Plastids
Plant organelle involved in storage of food or pigment. Leucoplast stores starch. Chromoplast stores pigments
Cytoskeleton
Frame work of the cell provides structural strength and causes cellular movement.
Mitochondria
Transforms the chemical energy stored in food molecules into energy the cell can use
Golgi Apparatus
Modifies or packages proteins for export from the cell
Nucleolus
Cell structure made of RNA and proteins, it makes ribosomes
Ribosomes
Organelle in which proteins are made into enzymes
Cytoplasm
Supports the cell's organelles. Stores some cellular materials
Chloroplast
Organelle that converts sunlight energy, carbon dioxide and water into high energy sugar molecules
Nuclear Envelope
This phospholipid bilayered membrane protects the nucleus
Rough ER
Complex network that transports materials throughout the cell. Holds many ribosomes
Chromosomes
Threadlike structure in a cell that contains the genetic information coded in DNA