Create an account
states that organic molecules come from a life force independent of chemical or physical laws
form the skeletons of most organic molecules, vary in length, shape (chain, branched, ring), number and location of double bonds, and other elements covalently bonded to available sites
organic molecules consisting only of carbon and hydrogen (ex. fossil fuels), hydrophobic
compound with the same molecular formula but different structural arrangements (different properties)
same sequence of covalently bonded atoms but differ in spatial arrangement due to inflexibility of double bonds
isomers that are mirror images of each other, left and right handed versions which differ in their biological activity
a specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the carbon skeletons of organic molecules and usually involved in chemical reactions, mostly hydrophilic
a hydrogen atom is bonded to an oxygen atom, which in turn is bonded to the carbon skeleton of the organic molecule. Name: alcohols. is polar as a result of the electrons spending more time near the electronegative oxygen atom
consists of a carbon atom joined to an oxygen atom by a double bond. Name: ketones (the group is within a carbon skeleton), aldehydes (the group is at the end of the carbon skeleton). found in sugars
when an oxygen atom is double bonded to a carbon atom that is also bonded to an -OH group. Name: carboxylic acids, organic acids. has acidic properties
consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to 2 hydrogen atoms and to the carbon skeleton. Name: amines. acts as a base. compounds that contain both this group and a carboxyl group are called amino acids.
consists of a sulfur atom bonded to an atom of hydrogen. Name: thiols. "cross linking" of 2 sulfhydryl groups helps to stabilize protein structure, "cross linking" of cysteines in hair proteins maintains the curliness or straightness of hair
a phosphorus atom is bonded to 4 oxygen atoms; 1 oxygen is bonded to the carbon skeleton, 2 oxygens carry negative charges. Name: organic phosphates. Contributes negative charge to the molecule of which it is a part, has the potential to react with water which releases energy (ATP)AT
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together