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26 terms

psychology final exam

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when cocaine is injected or smoked, it produces a rush of euphoria that lasts 15-30 minutes. But the stimulant drug_______can trigger eight hours or so of heightened energy and euphoria
methamphetamine
the capacity of one brain area to take over the functions of another damaged brain area is known as brain_______
plasticity
Professor Smith told one class that drinking alcohol has been found to increase sexual desire. He informed another class that drinking alcohol has been found to reduce sexual appetite. The fact that neither class was surprised by the information they received best illustrates the power of__________
hindsight bias
Rodesia insists that Dr. Phillip's theory of aggression be checked against observable evidence. She is demonstrating the scientific attitude of _____
skepticism
a researcher would be most likely to discover a positive correlation between_______
intelligence and academic success
studying people of all races and cultures is most helpful for______
discerning human similarities and differences
looking inward and reporting your immediate sensations, images, and feelings is called_________
introspection
Lissette wonders whether personality differences between her African-American and Asian-American friends results from biological or cultural influences. In this instance, Lissette is primarily concerned with the relative contributions of _______
nature and nurture
A perspective that clearly focuses on how we learn observable responses is _______
behavioral
Professor Assad suggested that a cautious attitude toward sexual encounters has proven to be more reproductively advantageous to woman than to men because the birth process is time-consuming. This suggestion best illustrates the logic of a__________theory of sexual behavior
evolutionary
to demonstrate that brain stimulation can make a rat violently aggressive, a neuroscientist should electrically stimulate the rat's______
amygdala
Reuptake refers to the_______
reabsorption of excess neurotransmitter molecules by a sending neuron
messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to your heart muscles by the ________
autonomic nervous system
If psychologist discovered that wealthy people are less satisfied with their marriages than poor people are, this would indicate that wealth and marital satisfaction are__________
negatively correlated
Surgical destruction of brain tissue is called_________
lesion
the association areas are located in the________
cerebral cortex
the ability to simultaneously copy different figures with the right and left hand is most characteristic of those whose _________has been cut
corpus callosum
at 3 o'clock in the morning, John has already slept for 4 hours. As long as his sleep continues, we can expect an increasing occurrence of ________
REM sleep
The claim that hypnotic phenomena occur outside our normal awareness is associated with the theory that hypnosis involves___________
dissociation
Research most clearly suggests that personality traits are more strongly influenced by ____________
genes that by home environment
The sequence of brain regions from the evolutionary oldest to newest is__________
brainstem, limbic system, cerebral cortex
alcohol consumption tends to__________
increase self-awareness and decrease impulse control
one biological basis for addiction involves brain activity in the _________ reward system
dopamine
One _______would be that older adults are better drivers than are young adults. Thus, a ___________would be that drivers age 40 and older have fewer traffic accidents than do drivers age 16 to 39
theory; hypothesis
Adam has been having a hard time waking up in the mornings and feels groggy all day. He can't seem to fully wake up. He may be having problems with his___________
reticular formation
John is investigating which gender is first to initiate
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