make references to point out specific persons/things
EX: this (nearby) these
that (far away) those
ask questions: who? whose? whom? which? what?
EX: Why are you?
introduce dependent ADJECTIVE clauses. Who, whose, which, that, whom
EX: The car THAT I BOUGHT is silver
ends in self/selves and comes DIRECTLY after the noun/pronoun and intensifies/emphasizes it
EX: I MYSELF gave the presents
ends in self/selves but DOES NOT come directly after the noun/pronoun, it comes before and reflects back to the it
EX: Abby, a girl, HERSELF gave the presents
does not specify a specific quantity/quality
Indefinite Pronouns that are ALWAYS singular
anybody anyone anything
everybody everyone everything
somebody someone something
nobody no one nothing
each either neither one
Indefinite Pronouns that are ALWAYS plural
few several many both
Indefinite Pronouns that are SINGULAR and PLURAL
some all more most none
arranged in cases that determine the function the pronouns may be in a sentence
What is CASE
determines the function of the pronouns in a sentence
personal pronouns that may be used as subjects or predicate nominatives
Nominative Case 1st person singular and plural
I and we
Nominative Case 2nd person singular and plural
you and you
Nominative Case 3rd person singular and plural
he, she it and they
personal pronouns that may be used as a direct object, object of the preposition, or an indirect object
Objective Case 1st person singular and plural
me and us
Objective Case 2nd person singular and plural
you and you
Objective Case 3rd person singular and plural
him, her, it and them
personal pronouns that show ownership
Possessive Case 1st person singular and plural
my, mine and our, ours
Possessive Case 2nd person singular and plural
your, yours and your yours
Possessive Case 3rd person singular and plural
his, her, hers, its and their, theirs
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