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Edmonds Semester Test
Terms in this set (146)
Who wrote a legal code that covered most areas of daily life?
The center of the Chaldean empire was at..
A mixture of copper and tin...
A group of traveling merchants is called a ..
Skilled workers who made metal products, cloth, or pottery...
Artisans, merchants, farmers, and fishers made up this group..
___________ helped ideas spread around the world.
The first kings were probably
Something that passes to the children when the parent dies is
Taming an animal or plant for use by humans is called
Which of the following were members of the upper class..
kings and priests
Which of these are Sumerian inventions
plow, wheel, sailboat
Times of extreme cold when great sheets of ice covered parts of the earth were the
The Sumerian writing system was called
Mesopotamia's climate was
hot and dry
The ____ rebelled against the Assyrians
People who study and write about the human past are called
Who was the king of the Akkadians who conquered all of Mesopotamia
___________ study artifacts and fossils to help them understand the past.
These people built a great army to protect their lands from invasion.
Who was sentenced to death for his teachings
The library here attracted scholars from all over the world.
Who wrote the Odyssey:
Who said, Give me a lever and a place to stand and I will move the earth.
Modern examples of drama include
movies and plays
Homer's epic, the Iliad, is about
the Trojan War
Who thought that governments should be headed by philosopher-kings?
They believed that the human mind could understand everything
Philip II got some Greek cities to join him by ____them
inviting, conquering, bribing,
Aristarchus was an astronomer who taught that the sun was
the center of the universe
The greeks hoped to earn the favor of their gods and doddesses by performing
This Macedonian king loved Greek culture and planned to conquer Persia.
PhilipII defeated the Greeks at the Battle of
Who told King Ptolemy that "There is no royal way to learn geometry?"
Aristotle taught his students to follow the
the History of the Persian War
The Hellenistic Era produced a great body of
art and architecture, scientific achievement, literature and philosophy
Who freed the Greek a cities in Asia Minor from Persian rule
Alexander the Great
Who was the goddess of wisdom and crafts?
Whose armies conquered the land as far east as modern Pakistan
Alexander the Great
______raised 12 sones, who became the 12 tribes of Isreal
The Jews met on Sabbath to pray and discuss their religion here.
The faith of the Israelites became known as
Who led the Israelites out of Egypt and into the Sinai Desert
The _______ translated the HEbrew Bible into Greek spreading Jewish ideas
Food prepared according to Jewish dietary laws is called
Jewish religious teachers are called
____ was the warrior-farmer anointed king by the prophet Samuel.
A person who claims to be instructed by God to share God's words is a
____ was a model of devotion to family held up for Jewish girls to imitate.
They defeated the Chaldeans and conquered Babylon.
The idea that the law should apply to everybody equally is called the
rule of law
Who wrote many of the Psalms
The ___________ fought the Romans for freedom and drove them out of Jerusalem.
_______refused to worship Babylonian gods and was thrown into the lion's den.
Ezra was a scribe who guided the writing of the
The wise sayings of Solomon were written down and are called
_______was the king who defeated the Persians to become ruler of Judah.
Alexander the Great
____ founded a school that became a center for Torah studies
Johanan be Zakkai
____ lived in the deser, praying for God to deliver them from the Romans.
Life is full of suffering is one of the
Four Noble Truths
This raja conquered weak kingdoms left by Alexander the Great's leaving
This system determines a persons job, social group, and marriage
The Hindu god who was the teacher of the world was
This king rejected violence and embraced Buddhism.
Which of these rights did an Indian woman have?
none of these
If a couple had no children, the man could
take another wife
Buddhism became popular in part because it rejected
the caste system
THe caste system helped them to rule peoples who outnumbered them.
Indian astronomers recognized that Earth
revolved around the sun
This religion believes that all life is sacred
A system in which the rulers run the government from a capital city is called
Indian literature stresses the importance of
This religion believes that the way to stop suffering is to stop desire
Which river empties into the Arabian Sea
The belief that people pass through many lives is called
The golden age of Indian culture came during which empire
Many Indian marriage, even today are
Upper caste boys often had a _________to teach them until they went to the city.
A line of rulers that passes power from father to son is a
The chief god of the Egyptians was
The land around the Nile River delta is known as
The woman pharaoh who concentrated on building the Egyptian economy was
Egyptians traded for
iron weapons and tools, ivory and gold, incense
What crops did the Egyptians grow
flax, wheat, and barley
Also known as Menes, he united Upper and Lower egypt
The natural barrier that protected Egypt in the south was the
the forced payments sent to the pharaoh by conquered peoples are called
____was a collection of spells and prayers studied to help obtain the afterlife
The Book of the Dead
Who tried to give the Egyptians a new religion?
Today we call it Sudan. The ancient Egyptians called it
The Nile River's flooding could be described as
gentle and dependable
The place where Egyptian families spent time together was their
The capital of Kush, located on a trade route was
The Kushites moved their capital to Meroe to be close to
iron ore deposits
An embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips is a
The Egyptian invention to prevent the pharaoh's body from decomposing was
Which of these was a result of the Nile River's flooding
Fertile soil and development of surveying
The King who drove the Hyksos out of Egypt was
When do historians believe Rome was founded?
between 800 b.c. and 700 b.c.
Which of the following helped Rome's trade:
What important political reform occurred in 287 B.C.?
Council of the Plebs could pass laws
What happened on March 15 in the year 44 B.C.?
Ceaser's enemies killed him.
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus wanted to
give land to the poor
In the Second Punic War
Carthage attacked Rome
Who was Cincinnatus
a dictator who served 16 days
Who benefited from the Roman Empire's prosperity?
merchants and skilled workers
The First Punic War was
fought over control of Sicily
According to a traditional legend, who founded the city of Rome:
Romulus and Remus
Which of the following were produced in central Italy?
wine and olive oil
When did the Romans take over most of Italy?
by 267 B.C.
At the Battle of Actium Antony and Cleopatra
were defeated by Octavian
What was Hadrian's Wall?
a wall built for defense in Britain
In 509 B.C., Romans
began a republic
The Julio-Claudian rulers included
Caligula, Nero, Tiberius, and Claudius
a peninsula shaped like a boot
What were the Twelve Tables?
Rome's first written laws
Who could hold political office in early Rome?
These Chinese inventions allowed soldiers to fight on horseback.
saddle and stirrups
If the king was bad, and brought bad fortune on hi kingdom, the people could
This emperor based his rule on the ideas of legalism
This was a period of violence that made people look for ways to restore order.
The period of Warring States
Who was the founder of Daoism whose name means the old Master?
______taught that people need a strong ruler to maintain order.
Which of these were sent out of China by the Silk Road?
silk, tea, and spices
How much of China's land is good for farming?
The Shang made this the first capital city.
The best-known Shang art form is
In a direct democracy, who decides government matters?
all the people
Why did Xerxes want to conquer Greece
for revenge, to win glory, to increase his country's wealth
Spartan men could return to their homes when they were
When the Spartans needed room for expansion, they
conquered neighboring land
Which of the following did Athenian soldiers promise to do in their oath
protect the constitution
The Delian League began as an alliance to
protect the Greeks from the Persians
The Minoans made their living as
Xerxes was king of
Who became popular by giving land to landless farmers
The Mycenaeans came to Greece from
Who could be citizens of Greek city-states
free, native-born, land-owning men
Early Greeks lived by
fishing, herding goats and sheep, trade
Which of these did the Mycenaeans learn from the Minoans
navigation by the sun and stars
The Greeks won the Battle of Salamis because their ships
could move around quickly
The GREEK alphabwas based on which of these alphabets?
Mycenaeans could pay their taxes in
wheat, livestock, or honey
The time around 600 B.C. is called the Dark Age because
people forgot how to read and write
The Athenian assembly appointed ten generals, who
carried out the assembly's laws.
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