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25 terms

Semester Final Review: History, Approaches and Research

Period 1 Eadie 12/14/11
STUDY
PLAY
Psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes
Psychiatry
A branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who often provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy
Personality
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting
Cognition
ALl the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering and communicating
Nature-Nurture Debate
THe longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the to the development of psychological tratis and behaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture.
Behavioral Psychology
The scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning.
Biological Psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior.
Psychodynamic Psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with psychological disorders.
Humanistic Psychology
Historically significant perspective that emphasizes the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth.
Social-Cultural Psychology
The study of how situations and cultures affect our behaviors and thinking.
Trait
A characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self report inventorie and peer reports.
Cognitve Psychology
The scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering and communicating
Evolutionary Psychology
The study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection
Cross-Cultural Psychology
The scientific study of hunman behavior and mental processes, including both their variability and invariance, under diverse cultural conditions
Neuroscience Psychology
Shows how the brain may affect the way we live our lives
Developmental Psychology
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive and social change throughout the life span
Personality Psychology
The study of an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting
Social Psychology
The scientific study of how we think about, influence and relate to one another
Health Psychology
A subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine
HUman Factors Psychology
A branch of psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be made safe and easy to use
Industrial-Organizational Psychology
The application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces
Hidsight Bias
The tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignor or distort contradictory evidence
False Consensus Effect
A cognitive bias whereby a person tends to overestimate how much other people agree with him or her
Theory
An explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes observations and predicts behaviors or events
Replication
Repeating the essence of a research study usually with different participants in different situations, to see whether the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances