77 terms

Ms Stary and Mr. Akers Week 1 Chapter 1 Review

"The body as a whole" Chapter 1 Organization of the Human Body
STUDY
PLAY
Tissues may function together as
Organs
Glands that produce hormones belong to what system?
Endocrine
The eyes are located where to the nose?
Lateral
Normal body function maintains a state of internal balance called what?
Homeostasis
The basic unit of volume in the metric system is the what?
Liter
The study of normal body structure is
Anatomy
Fluids contained within cells are described as
Extracellular
A type of feedback in which a given action promotes more of the same called
Positive Feedback
The cavity that contains the mediastinum is the
Ventral
The foot is located blank to the knee
Inferior
Study of body structure
Anatomy
Study of how the body functions
Physiology
Study of disease
Pathology
Anything that upsets the normal structure or function of the body
Disease
Basic unit of life
Cells
Specialized groups of cells
Tissues
Tissues that function together
Organs
Organs working together for the same purpose
Body systems
Highest level of organization
Living organism
What body system is the protective organs: skin, hair, nails, sweat, and oil glands?
Integumentary
What body system is the framework of the body?
Skeletal
What body system produces movement?
Muscular
What body system provides coordination and control of the body and interprets sensory information ( sight, hearing, taste, feeling)
Nervous
What body system controls the function of the glands and produces special hormones that regulate activities, such as growth, food utilization, and reproduction?
Endocrine
What are the two body systems that support coordination and control?
Nervous and Endocrine
What are the three body systems that support protection support and movement?
Integumentary,Skeletal and Muscular
What are the two body systems that support circulation?
Cardiovascular and Lymphatic
What body system pumps blood to all body tissues?
Cardiovascular
What body system brings fluids from tissues back to blood and aids in immunity?
Lymphatic
What three body systems support nutrition and fluid balance?
Respiratory, Digestive and Urinary
The purpose of this system is gas exchange.
Respiratory
The purpose of this system is digestion and absorption of nutrients;elimination of wastes.
Digestive
The purpose of this system is to filter the blood and forms urine.
Urinary
This body system is concerned with perpetuation of life.
Reproductive
Physical and chemical processes by which an organism is maintained.
Metabolism
Metabolism is divided into a breakdown phase and a building phase. What are these two phases called?
Catabolism (breakdown phase) and Anabolism (building phase)
Complex substances broken down into simpler compounds.
Catabolism
Breaking down phase
of simple to complex.
Catabolism
Building up phase of simple compounds used to manufacture materials needed for: Growth,Function and Repair of tissues.
Anabolism
What is energy from the breakdown of nutrients (catabolic reactions) and "Energy currency" of the cells?
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
All bodily fluids outside the cells.
Extracellular fluids
What do Extracellular fluids do?
Bathes the cells, transports nutrients to and from cells and transports waste from cells.
What fluids are contained within the cells and also called cytoplasm.
Intracellular fluids
The state of internal balance is called what?
Homeostasis
The main method for maintaining homeostasis is what?
Feedback Mechanisms
There are two types of feedback mechanisms. What are they?
Negative feedback and Positive feedback
This mechanisms conditions are kept within a normal range by reversing any upward or downward shift is called what?
Negative feedback
This mechanism given action promotes more of the same until stimulus is removed or outside force stops the cycle.
Positive feedback
What position is it where the subject is standing upright and face front, arms at the sides with palms forward and feet parallel.
Anatomical position
What direction is it when it is above, higher in position?
Superior
What direction is it when it is lower, below ?
Inferior
What direction is it when it is located toward the belly or front surface?
Ventral Anterior
What direction is it when it is located toward the back surface?
Dorsal Posterior
What direction is it when it is nearer to the head?
Cranial
What direction is it when it is nearer to the sacral region of the spinal column?
Caudal
What direction is it when it is nearer to the midline of the body?
Medial
What direction is it when it is toward a side, away from mid-line?
Lateral
What direction is it when it is closer to the origin of a structure?
Proximal
What direction is it when it is farther from origin of a structure?
Distal
What plane of division creates anterior and posterior sections?
Frontal (coronal)
What plane of division creates right and left sections?
Sagittal
What plane of division is horizontal ?
Transverse
What are the 2 main cavities of the body?
Dorsal cavity and Ventral cavity
What are the Dorsal cavities two subdivisions?
Cranial cavity (contains the brain) and
Spinal cavity ( contains the spinal cord)
What are the Ventral cavities 2 subdivisions?
Thoracic: above the diaphragm and
Abdominopelvic: below the diaphragm
What are the 6 regions of the Abdomen?
Epigastric,Umbilical (navel),Hypogastric, Hypochondriac,Lumbar and Inguinal (iliac)
What are the 4 Quadrants of the Abdomen ?
Right and left upper and Right and left lower
What type of system is primarily to maintain homeostasis?
Negative Feedback Systems
What are the 3 planes in which the body can be cut?
Saggital, frontal (coronal), and transverse (horizontal)
What kind of plane divides the body into two equal parts?
Midsaggital plane
What is the posterior body cavity called?
Dorsal Cavity
What is the anterior body cavity called?
Ventral Cavity
What are the 3 central regions of the abdomen?
Epigastric, Umbilical, and Hypogastric regions
What are the 3 left and right lateral regions of the abdomen?
Hypochondriac, Lumbar, and Iliac (inguinal) regions
What is the basic unit of length in the metric system?
Meter
What is the basic unit of weight in the metric system?
Gram
What is the basic unit of volume in the metric system?
Liter