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39 terms

Bureaucracy and Public Policy

STUDY
PLAY
communication
a process whereby information is channeled by a sender to a receiver through some medium
instrumental
purposeful or goal directed
psychological
emotional state of the sender
incidental
without awareness
downward communication
directives; task information;feedback;sense of mission
upward communication
feedback; warning; key stakeholders; morale and performance
lateral communication
coordination; sharing; multidisciplinary; emotional support
Gatekeeper
any individual in a position through which messages must pass plays the role of gatekeeper to some extent
boundary spanner
an individual whose interactions include numerous contacts in the external environment
opinion leader
a person who has "the ability to informally influence other individuals attitudes or behavior in a desired way with relative frequency.
liaison
an individual who connects communication subsystems or networks in the organizaiton.
2 standards of controlling
responsiveness competence
administration dichotomy
Study of the similarities and differences of the two in order to analyze the disparities and/or likenesses between the two seemingly opposite fields.
legislative veto and consultations
favorite tool prior to 1983 supreme court ruling as one-house vetoes as unconstitutional
legislation
defines & limits
budgeting
control over resources
oversight
information gathering and review
informal contacts
advise
ombudsman
high public recognition & esteem, investigate complaints, resolute citizen-bureaucracy problems, typically address minor issues/abuses
noncompliance
citizens refuse to comply with public policy
applyby
characteristics of an ethical administrator. Assume responsibility; deal with people, sense of urgency, good listener, resourceful, self confident, teamwork
bailey
optimism, courage, fairness tempered by charity
not black or white, but shades of gray
bailey
grounded in puralism
individual is the best judge of self-interest; not expressed=not important
individual group linkage
interest group and political participation, group administrator linkage
Weberian model
hierarchical organized model with formal rules and regulations. power flows from the top down. decisions are technical in nature. rational unbiased decision-making.
decision clusters
budget, revenue & expenditure process, balance, implementation
budget process
how will the budget choices be made?
revenue process
how much income will be availabe and from where?
expenditure process
which programs will get what?
balance
how will revenues and expenditures be balanced?
implementation
how will the budget be put into operations?
Scientific Management
Workload evenly shared between the workers and management with management performing the science and instruction and the workers performing the labor, each doing "the work for which is was best suited"
Frederick Taylor
began the era of modern management
case study six
how a city slowly drowned-chapter 8 in stillman
case study seven
the shooting at colombine high school-chapter 9 stillman
case study eight
torture and foreign policy- chapter 15 stillman
case study nine
death of a sky satellite program-chapter 12 stillman
case study ten
geroge tent and the last great days of the CIA-chapter 16 stillman

Resigned after falsely claiming that Iraq has weapons of massive destruction.