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30 terms

Unit 2 US and Canada Vocabulary

Review for Final
STUDY
PLAY
everglades
a huge swampland that covers some 4,000 square miles
tundra
a vast treeless plain in the arctic regions between the ice cap and the tree line
lock
sections of a waterway with closed gates where water levels are raised and lowered
columbian exchange
what historians call the coming of the Europeans
representatice democracy
A political system in which leaders and representatices acquire power by means of a competitive struggle for the people's vote. This is the form of government used by nations that are called democratic.
megalopolis
a very large urban complex (usually involving several cities and towns)
province
the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation
confederation
a political union
parliamentary government
a system in which legislative and executive function are combined
democracy
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
prime minister
the majority party's leader in parliament
alliance
an agreement between two nations
coalition
an alliance of nation
melting pot
a country with a blend of races
NAACP
National Association for the Adancment of Colored People
civil rights
rights to personal liberty
prevailing westerlies
winds that blow from West to East
nomad
a person with no permanent home who moves according to seasons
continental divide
the line of the highest points in North America that divides the East and West flowing rivers
migration
the movement of people within a country of region
import
to bring from a foreig country for use
export
a product or a good that is sold from one economy to another
louisiana purchase
territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million
command economy
type of economy where demand and enterprise are made by a central government
market economy
an economy that relies chiefly on market forces to allocate goods and resources and to determine prices
free enterprise
an economic system where individuals own most buisnesses
New England
a region of northeastern United States comprising Maine and New Hampshire and Vermont and Massachusetts and Rhode Island and Connecticut
the Midwest
the region that contains the 12 states of the northcentral United States
the South
a subreagion that vocers about one-fourth of the land area of the United States and contains more than one-third of its population
the West
the subregion of 14 states that stretched from the GReat Plains to the Pacific Ocean and includes Alaska and Hawaii