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Exam 4 Clinical Apps
Terms in this set (28)
patients with advanced liver disease (e.g. cirrhosis) usually have _______
ascites (_________) is an accumulation of serous fluid in the ______ cavity.
owing to the posterior relations of the head of the _______, cysts or tumors in it may cause symptoms by pressing on the HPV, bile duct, or ______ _____ _____
pancreas, inferior vena cava
an extensive tumor in the body of the _______ may also cause obstruction of the ________ ______ _____ because the body of the _______ rests on this large vein
pancreas, inferior vena cava, pancreas
large livers are associated with CA, _____ of the _____, congestive heart failure, fatty infiltration, & Hodgkin's disease
cirrhosis of the liver
in cirrhosis of the liver, there is a progressive destruction of __________ & replacement of them by _______ tissue.
in cirrhosis of the liver, the fibrous tissue surrounds the ___________ blood vessels & ______ ducts, impeding circulation of blood through liver.
cirrhosis of the liver causes liver to look like "___-____ liver", and is often what color?
"hob-nail liver", reddish yellow or tawny color
cirrhosis of the liver can sometimes cause ______ ________, an abnormal increase in the hepatic portal vein + tribs
n. that are vulnerable to injury during nephrectomy
the most likely m. damaged during childbirth?
pubococcygeus (main part of levator ani)
*most important b/c it encircles & supports the urethra, vagina, & anal canal
structures possibly injured during childbirth?
bladder, urethra, vagina, rectum
performed to ease delivery and avoid damaging puborectalis
herniation of urinary bladder into vagina
when urethra is also involved in cystocele
rectocele results from damage to the wall of the ______ & the ______ ______
vagina, pelvic diaphragm
benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) affects a high proportion of _____ _____ and is a common cause of _______ ________ leading to nocturia & urgency
older men, urethral obstruction
in BPH it is usually the _____ lobe of the prostate that elongates & obstructs the urethra
collections of pus that develop in & can occlude the uterine tube can lead to _____ and result in ______ _______
adhesions; tubal pregnancy (ectopic)
ectopic tubal pregnancy
blastocyst implanting in mucosa of the uterine tube
most common site of the ectopic tubal pregnancy?
most common type of ectopic pregnancy?
tubal pregnancy has increased in the last decade owing to an increase in....
sexually transmitted infections
if ectopic pregnancies are not diagnosed early, it may result in rupture of the _____ ____ and hemorrhage into the ___________ cavity during first 8 wks of gestation
uterine tube, abdominopelvic
a short segment of the _________ urethra is unprotected & is vulnerable to injury during ________ ________
membranous, urethral catheterization
rupture of the spongy urethra is fairly common in what type of injury?
common congenital malformation of the penis & urethra
_______ results from failure of fusion of the urogenital folds during early fetal development; can be corrected surgically
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