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13 terms

CLASSICAL

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Classical Civilizations
600 B.C.E - 600 C.E.
Note: Power review said it's from 1000 B.C.E - 400 C.E.
China, India, Mediterranean.
More elaborate political structures could control more territory.
Improved agriculture, manufacturing, and city life.
More elaborate philosophical and religions systems. Expanded math and science.
Zhou Dynasty
Alliances with regional princes and noble families = vulnerability.
Declined when regional landowning aristocrats solidified their own power.
Qin Dynasty
Centralized state rule.
Expanded boundaries of China.
Great Wall.
Qin Shi Huangdhi - despised because of abusive power.
Han Dynasty
Centralized state rule.
Expanded boundaries of China.
Wu Ti - enforced peace, great prosperity. Supported Confucianism.
Conquered by the Huns.
Mauryan Dynasty
1st to unify much of the continent.
1st = Chandragupta, who had personal and military power.
Huge armies and substantial bureaucracy.
Ashoka = another ruler.
Extended boundaries, improved trade and communication. Extensive road network.
Gupta Dynasty
Smaller than Mauryan Dynasty.
Rulers were less striking but had more impact than Mauryan rulers.
Political stability for 2 centuries.
Conquered by Huns.
Greek Civilization
Strong city-states, each with own government with either a tyrant or aristocratic council.
Peloponnesian Wars: Sparta vs. Athens. Fought over control of Greece. Sparta won.
Roman Empire
Brought peace and prosperity to Mediterranean.
Tolerated political and religious diversity.
Slow but decisive fall, which took place over 250 years.
Hellenistic/Hellenism
Merged Greek art/culture with other Middle Eastern forms. Like the Greek approach in science, stressed regional regulations of nature.
Alexander the Great
Conquered Persian Empire.
Advanced borders of India.
Attempted to combine Greek and Persian culture.
Pericles
5th century B.C.E.
Athenian political leader.
Guided development of Athenian Empire.
Punic Wars
Series of 3 wars.
Rome and Carthage.
Rome won and remained dominant until 5th century BCE.
Silk Road Trade
Transmitted goods, language, disease, culture, etc.
Helped spread Buddhism/Islam.