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Barron's AP Environmental Science Sections 1-3
Terms in this set (60)
The majority of the rocks in the Earth's crust are?
Which of the following is an example of an igneous rock?
The smallest particle of soil is known as?
Which of the following environmental factors does NOT lower the pH of soil?
All of the choices can possibly lower the pH of soil.
Which of the types of soil listed below contains the highest amount of nutrients?
An example of a volcano with broad, gentle slopes and built by the eruption of runny, fluid-type basalt lava would be?
Which of the following is at a convergent boundary where two continents are presently colliding?
The Dust Bowl of the 1930's resulted in the passage of what legislation?
Soil and Water Conservation Act
Poor nutrient-holding capacity, good water infiltration capacity, and good aeration properties are examples of what type of particle found in soil?
Which factor is the most important in determining the characteristics of soil?
Which period in geological time describes the following: "Development of flowering plants. Large diversity in dinosaurs but ending with their sudden extinction approximately 65 million years ago. Formation of the Andes Mountains. African and South American plates begin to separate. Climate is cooling. Shallow seas are prominent."?
Weathering contributes to the formation of which type of rock?
A rock that would most likely contain a fossil would be?
The most common element found in Earth's crust is?
The horizon of soil, also known as the topsoil layer, that contains humus, minerals, and roots, and that is rich in living organisms is known as the?
Earth is closest to the sun in the Northern Hemisphere during?
An earthquake of Richter magnitude 5 is how many times larger on the Richter scale than an earthquake of Richter magnitude 3?
One hundred times.
Which of the choices above represents the most stable and the least stable foundation material to build upon in areas that are frequented by earthquakes?
A, bedrock is most stable and the least stable is sand.
The San Andreas Fault in California occurs at a?
Earth's surface is part of the?
The zone of the atmosphere in which weather occurs is known as the?
99% of the volume of gases in the lower atmosphere, listed in descending order of volume are?
N2, O2, H2O, CO2
Regional climate are most influences by?
Latitude and altitude
A low-pressure air mass is generally associated with?
Cloudy or stormy weather
La Niña would produce all of the following except?
Warmer winters in Canada and northeast United States
On the leeward side of the mountain range, one would expect?
Less clouds and less rain than on the windward side.
The ozone layer exists primarily in what section of the atmosphere?
Along the equator,
warm, moist air rises
The gas that is responsible for trapping most of the heat in the lower atmosphere is?
Characteristics or requirements of a monsoon include all of the following except?
heating and cooling rates between the oceans and the continents that are equal
An atmospheric condition in which the air temperature rises with increasing altitude, holding surface air down and preventing dispersion of pollutants, is known as a?
The surface with the lowest albedo is?
Jet streams over the U.S. travel primarily?
west to east
The correct arrangement of atmosphere layers, arranged in order from the most distant from Earth's surface, is?
thermosphere, mesosphere, stratosphere, troposphere
Areas of low pressure are typically characterized by ______ air and move toward regions where the pressure is ______ with time.
The global circulation pattern that dominates the tropics is the called the?
The date with the shortest amount of daylight in the Southern Hemisphere is?
Jet streams follow the sun in that as the sun's elevation ____ (increases, decreases) each day in the spring, the jet stream shifts by moving ____ (north, south) during the Northern Hemisphere spring.
Usually, fair and dry/hot weather is associated with high pressure around _____ latitude with rainy and stormy weather associated with low pressure around _____ latitude.
30 degrees N/S, 50-60 degrees N/S
The three necessary ingredients for thunderstorm formation are?
moisture, lifting mechanism, and instability
Water vapor returning to the liquid state is called?
The temperature at which air becomes saturated and produces liquid is called?
the dew point
The area that would receive the most precipitation would be?
The rain shadow effect would be located at point?
Of the freshwater on Earth that is not trapped is snow packs or glaciers , most of it 95% is trapped in?
The primary use of freshwater is for?
A mixture of freshwater and saltwater is known as?
A temperature lake is most likely to show thermal stratification and limited mixing of surface and deeper waters during the _____ season?
Of the following methods of irrigation, the one that currently conserves the most water is?
Which of the following uses the most water?
cooling electrical power plants
A country that would represent large per capita use would be?
When compared with the rate of population growth, the worldwide demand rate for water is?
about two times
The U.S. per capita use of water on a daily basis is closest to?
1, 500 gallons
Countries that are more likely to suffer from water stress would be located in?
the Middle East
What fraction of the world's population does not have access to adequate amounts of safe drinking water?
The oceanic zone that extends from the low tide mark to the edge of the continental shelf is known as the?
Rising sea levels due to global warming would would be responsible for all of the following except?
all would be the result of rising sea levels
What does La Niña bring to the southeastern United States?
Which of the following ocean currents flow without obstruction or barriers around Earth?
Antarctic Circumpolar Current
Saltwater intrusion into groundwater occurs most often when?
the water table near the coast drops due to the over-pumping of groundwater
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