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The fourth observation of the traditional debate case that provides solvency to the affirmative case
The part of the policy debate affirmative plan that is the instrument used to administer the plan
The second part of a structured disadvantage argument which predicts when the impact of the diadvantage will occur
Burden of Proof
The reponsibility of the affirmative, burden of proof is the case given to convince the judge that change to the status quo should take place
Comparitave Advantage Case
Structured to compare advantages to their harms , the affirmative doesn't have to prove all harms; instead they need to prove a link to any one of their advantages
The first speech given by each debater (both teams) in a round, used to build a case.
Three-Minute time allowed in the debate for one side to ask questions of the other side
The first observations of the traditional debate case that defines necessary terms of the resolution and other terms the affirmative deems necessary
A strategy by the negative team showing unfavorable consequences of the affirmative plan
The part of the policy debate affirmative plan that explains who will carry out the functioning of the proposed mandate
The right of the affirmative to enact a plan without worrying about the possibility of it not being enacted because of todays political environment
The system of note-taking used by debators and judges to make sure all arguments "flow" together
The second observation of a traditional debate case that shows the problem existent in the status quo
The final part of a structured disadvantaged argument which shows the harm or disadvantage of the proposed affirmative plan
argues that the current status quo is not solving the resolution and cannot , without fundamental changes
The first part of the structurd disadvantage argument which links the disadvantages to the specific area of the affirmative case
The side of the academic debate that attacks and argues against the affirmative side of the resolution
Any argument or policy case which fails to remain within the boundaries of the resolution
The third observation of the traditional debate case that provides the stradegy for solving the harms
Advantage of the negative , assumes the status quo should be kept unless the burden of proof shows reason for change
An affirmative that has covered the stock issues and is one a judge believes to have resolved the resolution
Speech that rebuilds arguments that have been attacked, refutes opposition arguments, and summarizes the debate. They are given at the end of a debate
the claim that the problems with the status quo are worhty for the change called by the resolution
An inherent problem in the policies of the status quo presents harms from occuring
The use of a word or phrase at the top of the peice of the evidenve to serve as a quick refrence
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