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The fourth observation of the traditional debate case that provides solvency to the affirmative case


The sie of the academic debate that defends, argues for, and promotes the resolution


The part of the policy debate affirmative plan that is the instrument used to administer the plan


Reasoning used in debate based on evidence or proof


Process of preparing evidence in advance for a debate


The second part of a structured disadvantage argument which predicts when the impact of the diadvantage will occur

Burden of Proof

The reponsibility of the affirmative, burden of proof is the case given to convince the judge that change to the status quo should take place


The act or process of crediting anothers ideas


To arrange evidence in an order which will allow the debator to retrieve easily

Comparitave Advantage Case

Structured to compare advantages to their harms , the affirmative doesn't have to prove all harms; instead they need to prove a link to any one of their advantages

Constructive Speech

The first speech given by each debater (both teams) in a round, used to build a case.


Statement used as a heading for an opinion in the debate


a better solution than the affirmative's offered by the negative team

Cross Examination

Three-Minute time allowed in the debate for one side to ask questions of the other side


a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal


The first observations of the traditional debate case that defines necessary terms of the resolution and other terms the affirmative deems necessary


A strategy by the negative team showing unfavorable consequences of the affirmative plan


When a team fails to , or chooses to discard an argument from the debate round


The part of the policy debate affirmative plan that explains who will carry out the functioning of the proposed mandate


The right of the affirmative to enact a plan without worrying about the possibility of it not being enacted because of todays political environment


The system of note-taking used by debators and judges to make sure all arguments "flow" together


The part of the debate affirmative plan that is the means of paying for the plan


The second observation of a traditional debate case that shows the problem existent in the status quo


The final part of a structured disadvantaged argument which shows the harm or disadvantage of the proposed affirmative plan


argues that the current status quo is not solving the resolution and cannot , without fundamental changes


The first part of the structurd disadvantage argument which links the disadvantages to the specific area of the affirmative case


The part of the policy debate affirmative plan that is the actual policy to be adopted


The side of the academic debate that attacks and argues against the affirmative side of the resolution


Any argument or policy case which fails to remain within the boundaries of the resolution


Contentions given in the affirmative constructive case

On-Case arguments

arguments to respond to the case


The third observation of the traditional debate case that provides the stradegy for solving the harms


The type of debate that encompasses a proposition of worth


Advantage of the negative , assumes the status quo should be kept unless the burden of proof shows reason for change

Prima Facie

An affirmative that has covered the stock issues and is one a judge believes to have resolved the resolution


the process of drawing a conclusion on the basis of evidence

Rebuttal Speech

Speech that rebuilds arguments that have been attacked, refutes opposition arguments, and summarizes the debate. They are given at the end of a debate


formal subject in dispute


the claim that the problems with the status quo are worhty for the change called by the resolution


claim that the problems will go away if affirmative plan is adopted

Status Quo

The term used to represent the present state of the affairs, the way things are now

Structual Barrier

An inherent problem in the policies of the status quo presents harms from occuring

Stock Issues

The issues the affirmative needs to prove to make and maintain a prima face case


The use of a word or phrase at the top of the peice of the evidenve to serve as a quick refrence


the attribute of being of interest at the present time

Traditional Case

most commonly used policy debate case format


The attempt off one team to use the srgument of their opponent to their advantage

Voting Issues

key points in a debate that are crucial to the outcome, reasons why the judge should give the decision to a team.

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