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7 terms

POST CLASSICAL: AFRICA

STUDY
PLAY
African Civilizations
Shared aspects of language and belief.
Diverse because of size and culture.
Political forms: from hierarchical states to stateless societies. Built less clearly on prior precedents than other post-classical societies.
Stateless Societies
Organized through kinship.
Lacked concentrated authority structures.
Animism
Belief in power of natural forces personified as deities.
Christianity
In Ethiopia/Egypt before the arrival of Islam.
Ethiopia stayed Christian even after the Muslim invasion.
Oppression by the Byzantine Christians caused the Africans to welcome the Muslim invaders.
Islam
Won believers because of the principle of equality of believers. Also, the unity of political and religious worlds appealed to many Africans.
Sundiata
Created a unified state that became the Mali empire.
Sahel
Extensive grassland belt at the southern edge of the Sahara.
Exchange region between the forests of South and North Africa.