Chapter 12 - Reconstruction and Its Effects
Terms in this set (22)
Succeed Lincoln as president. Entered politics in Tennessee. He won several important offices - congressman, governor, and U.S. Senator. After succession, Johnson was the only senator from a Confederate State to remain loyal to the Union. A former slave - owner, but by 1863 Johnson supported abolition. He hated wealthy Southern planters, whom he held responsible for dragging poor whites into the war. Early in 1865, he endorsed harsh punishment for the rebellion's leaders.
The period of rebuilding that followed the Civil War, during which the defeated Confederate States were readmitted to the Union.
One of the congressional Republicans who, after the Civil War, wanted to destroy the political power of former slaveholders and to give African Americans full citizenship and the right to vote. Led by Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens.
Representative of Pennsylvania, the Radicals wanted to destroy the political power of former slaveholders.
A bill, passed in 1864 and vetoed by President Lincoln, that would have given Congress control of Reconstruction.
A federal agency set up to help former slaves after the Civil War.
The discriminatory laws passed throughout the post Civil War South which severely restricted African Americans' lives, prohibiting such activities as traveling without permits, carrying weapons, serving on juries, testifying against whites, and marrying whites.
An amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1868, that makes all persons born or naturalized in the United States - including former slaves - citizens of the country and guarantees equal protection of the laws.
To formally charge an official with misconduct in office. The House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach federal officials.
An amendment to the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1870, that prohibits the denial of voting rights to people because of their race or color or because they have previously been slaves.
A white Southern who joined the Republican Party after the Civil War.
A Northern who moved to the South after the Civil War.
The first African American Senator. Mississippi.
A system in which landowners give farm workers land, seed, and tools in return for a part of the crops they raise.
A system in which farm workers supply their own tools and rent farmland for cash.
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
A secret organization that used terrorist tactics in an attempt to restore white supremacy in Southern states after the Civil War.
Panic of 1873
A series of financial failures that triggered a five-year depression in the United States.
The Southern Democrats' term for their return to power in the South in the 1870s.
Rutherford B. Hayes
Governor of Ohio and the Republican Candidate for the election of 1876.
Samuel J. Tilden
Governor of New York and the Democratic Candidate for the election of 1876.
Compromise of 1877
A series of congressional measures under which the Democrats agreed to accept the Republican candidate Rutherford B. Hayes as president, even though he had lost the popular vote. The measures included the withdrawal of federal troops from Southern States, federal money for improving Southern infrastructure, and the appointment of a conservative Southern cabinet member.
A state's power of governing its citizens without federal government involvement.