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38 terms

Transition to RN role Chapter 1

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American Assembly for Men in Nursing (AAMN)
Association intended to provide a forum for nurses to discuss & influence factors that affect men as nurses: encourages men of all ages to become nurses, supports men in nursing, and advocates for research, education, and the dissemination of information about men's health issues
Army School of Nursing
American military school of nursing established during World War 1
Black Death
An epidemic thought to be the bubonic plague that swept across Asia, Africa, and Europe in the 1300's
Bolton Act
Established the US Cadet Nurse Corps; also called the Nurse Training Act of 1943
Comstock Act of 1873
Law forbidding both the dissemination of birth control information and the distribution of birth control devices
Dark Ages of Nursing
The Reformation; so called because trained Protestant nurses left the profession, leaving nursing to many without training, including thieves and prostitutes sentenced to the task
deaconess
Woman chosen by church leadership to care for the poor and the sick in her own congregation and community
Ebers papyrus
The oldest preserved medical document in the world; contains prescriptions written in dieratic script for over seven hundred remedies
Frontier Nursing Service
Private charitable organization founded in the rural Appalachian Mountain region of eastern Kentuchy in 1925; assisted with deliveries for women of the region
The Frontier School of Midwifery and Family Nursing (FSMFN)
A still-extant school offering education for the development of nurse-midwives, family nurse practitioners, and women's health care nurse practitioners
Geneva Convention Treaty
Among other things, established military hospitals as safe havens where physicians and nurses could care for the wounded of any nation; led to the formalization of the International Red Cross. (Signed in 1864 by representatives of 12 nations)
geroncomion
Translates to "home for the aged" (Established by Helena , mother of Constantine the Great)
Gulf War syndrome
Mysterious complex of symptoms experienced by beterans of the Persian Gulf War, perhaps due to chemical weapons
Hammurabi's Code
Early form of managed health care that included uniform fees for service, objective outcome measurement stancdards, consumer and patient rights, and legal regulation of physicians
Health Amendments Act
1956 law that provided funds for nurses to pursue advanced preparation for administrative, supervisory, and teaching positions; expanded practical, or vacational, nurse programs; and mandated several influential postwar nursing studies
Henry Street Settlement
Early American nurse service staffed by both nurses and social workers. (Due to Lillian Wald & Mary Brewster)
Hippocratic oath
Ancient oath still taken by graduates of medical school; the source of the phrase "do no harm"
Hotels-dieu
Translates to "God's houses," an early kind of hospital maintained by monks
iatria
Greek precursors to modern outpt clinics
International Red Cross
A movement to establish humanitarian association that used volunteer help in every country to aid in war relief efforts (established due to vision of Jean Henri Dunant) (Funded by private citizens)
Kaiserwerth Deaconess Institute
Hospital and medical school with a 3 year course of study for Protestant deaconesses, including training in nursing, pharmacy, and teaching; considered the most segnificant early Protestant nursing organization
monasticism
A movement wherein a man or a woman chooses to remain single, widowed, or divorced, devoting themselves to God; evantally incorporated educating children and caring for the poor and the sick
Mosaic Law
Several Old Testament books focusing on communicable-disease management through isolation procedures, ceremonial rituals, and regulations governing preparing, eating, and abstention from certain foods
National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses (NACGN)
Association influenced in its establishment by Mary Eliza Mahoney, the 1st black nurse to graduate from a school of nursing in the United States
National Organization for Public Health Nursing (NOPHNP)
Organization once responsible for developing standards for public health nursing and setting up public health courses for nurses in baccalaureate schools of nursing (Because of Wald)
New England Hospital for Woman and Children
Founded the first school of nursing in America (Boston, MA)
Nightingale Training School for Nurses
An independent, secular school of nursing unaffiliated with any religious body; est in London 1860
Nosocomium
Translates to "place for the sick;" a kind of hospital
Nurses Training Act of 1964
Vietnam-era bill that funded nursing programs that were either accredited by the Natioal League for Nursing (NLN) or expected to be accredited in the near future.
nursing
A derivative of the Latin word "nutrire", meaning "to nourish"
parish nurse movement
Movement based on the early church deaconess movement; uses nurses who are hired by churches or who volunteer coordinate care for those in the congregation, especially the frail elderly.
Planned Parenthood Federation
Group of clinics founded by Margaret Sanger that focus on family planning
unification model
Stesses the need for clinically prepared faculty and for clinical competence among students pursuing advanced degrees
US Army Nurse Corps
Established by Dorothea Lynde Dix to treat Union troops during the Civil War
US Cadet Nurse Corps
Created under the Bolton Act to address nursing shortages during World War II
wet nurse
Women hired to suckle other women's infants (Addressed in Hammurabi's Code)
xenodocheion
Inn for strangers and travelers
xenodochia
Translates to "house for strangers" eventually used by Hebrews in caring for outsiders. (precursor to modern inn or hospital)