Chapter 13 - Changes on the Western Frontier
Terms in this set (23)
The vast grassland that extends through the central portion of North America, from Texas northward to Canada, east of the Rocky Mountains.
Treaty of Fort Laramie
The treaty requiring the Sioux to live on a reservation along the Missouri River.
Tatanka Lyotanka leader of the Hunkpapa Sioux, who never signed the Treaty of Fort Laramie.
George A. Custer
A Colonel who in 1874 reported that there was gold in the Black Hills.
A minority group's adoption of the beliefs and way of life of the dominant culture.
A law, enacted in 1887, that was intended to "Americanize" Native Americans by distributing reservation land to individual owners.
Battle of Wounded Knee
Brought the Indian wars - and an entire era - to a bitter end.
A breed of sturdy, long-horned cattle brought by the Spanish to Mexico and suited to the dry conditions of the Southwest.
The major cattle route from San Antonio, Texas, through Oklahoma to Kansas.
The moving of cattle over trails to a shipping center.
A U.S. law enacted in 1862, that provided 160 acres in the West to any citizen or intended citizen who was head of household and would cultivate the land for five years; a law whose passage led to record numbers of U.S. settlers claiming private property which previously had been reserved by treaty and by tradition for Native American nomadic dwelling and use; the same law strengthened in 1889 to encourage individuals to exercise their private property rights and develop homesteads out of the vast government lands.
An African American who migrated from the SOuth to Kansas in the post-Reconstruction years.
A home built of blocks of turf.
Laws enacted in 1862 and 1890 to help create agricultural colleges by giving federal land to states.
An enormous farm on which a single crop is grown.
Oliver Hudson Kelley
In 1867 started the Patrons Husbandry, an organization for farmers that became popularly known as the Grange.
The Patrons of Husbandry - a social and educational organization through which farmers attempted to combat the power of the railroads in the late 19th century.
Groups of farmers, or those in sympathy with farming issues, who sent lecturers from town to town to educate people about agriculture and rural issues.
A late 19-century political movement demanding that people have a greater voice in government and seeking to advance the interests of farmers and laborers.
The use of both gold and silver as a basis for a national monetary system.
A monetary system in which the basic unit of currency is defined in terms of a set amount of gold.
Ohioan Republican Candidate for the 1896 election.
William Jennings Bryan
Nebraska Congressman the Democratic Candidate for the 1896 election.