28 terms

OLF Geography Skills Grade 5

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globe
a round model of Earth
equator
an imaginary line around Earth, halfway between the North and South Poles
prime meridian
line of longitude marked zero degrees
hemisphere
half of a sphere or globe
Northern Hemisphere
the half of the Earth north of the equator
Southern Hemisphere
the half of the Earth south of the equator
Eastern Hemisphere
the half of Earth that is east of the prime meridian
Western Hemisphere
the half of Earth that is west of the prime meridian
latitude
a measure of how far north or south the equator a location is, measured in degrees
longitude
a measure of how far east or west of the prime meridian a location is, measured in degrees
parallel
imaginary line that circles Earth in an east-west direction, also called latitude line
degree
a unit of measure of latitude or longitude; a full circle around Earth contains 360 degrees
meridian
imaginary line extending from the North Pole to the South Pole, also called longitude line
political map
map that shows borders between states and countries
title
name that tells the subject of a map
symbol
small drawing or field of color that represents a feature on Earth
key
information that explains what each symbol on a map stands for
locator
small map that shows where the subject of a main map can be found
physical map
map that shows landforms and geographic features
compass rose
pointer on a map that shows directions
cardinal direction
one of the four main directions (north, south, east, west)
intermediate direction
one of four directions that are midway between the cardinal directions
scale
tool that helps you measure distances on a map
inset map
small map within a larger map that shows areas outside of or in greater detail than the larger map
time zone map
map showing the world's or any country's time zones
elevation
height of land above sea level
climate
weather in an area over a long period of time
road map
a map that shows routes between towns and cities in a state or country