Modern World History Unit 8
Terms in this set (28)
during the cold war, the boundary separating the communist nations of eastern Europe from the mostly democratic nations of western Europe in Germany
a United States foreign policy of preventing trade between great Britain and continental Europe, intended to destroy Great Britain's economy
North Atlantic Treaty Organization - a defensive military alliance formed in 1949 by ten western European nations, the United States, and Canada
a military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and seven eastern European countries
A policy of threatening to go to war in response to an enemy aggression
a line that crossed Korea at 38 degrees north latitude
idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby countries will also fall under communist control
president Richard Nixon's strategy for ending United States involvement in the Vietnam war, involving a gradual withdraw of American troupes and replacement of them with South Vietnam forces
purging the country of Stalin's memory
A policy of reducing Cold War tensions that was adopted by the United States during the presidency of Richard Nixon
What was the Truman Doctrine, and how did it cause a controversy in the United States?
it was a policy of giving economic and military aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents; some objected American interference with other nations' affairs and others argued that the United States could not afford to carry on a global crusade against communism
Describe the role of the United States and the Soviet Union when the Civil War in China resulted in two nations.
the first was a nationalist nation supported by the United States that was a group on a small island and the other was communist supported by the Soviet Union
what was the "the great leap forward"?
the plan called for a still larger collective farms or communes for 5 years
what was the legacy of the war between North Korea and South Korea?
North ans South Korea remain separated and need a demilitarized zone in order to communicate
why were Third World nations in Latin America, Asia, and Africa economically poor and politically unstable?
A long history of colonialism and ethnic conflicts and lack of technology and education
describe the idea of realpolitik?
comes from the German word "realistic politics" - a philosophy which meant dealing with other nations in a practical and flexible manner
militia unit in China, made up of high school and college students; led a major uprising known as the Cultural Revolution
Ho Chi Minh
a Vietnamese nationalist; turned to the communists for help in the struggle against France; his Indochinese communist party led revolts and strikes against the French
Ngo Dinh Diem
leader of the anti-communist government in South Vietnam
a group of communist gurerrillas opposed to Diem's government in South Vietnam
revolutionary leader in Cuba who overthrew the Bautista government in 1959; has ruled Cuba as a dictator since then
Sandinista rebel leader who took control of Nicaragua in 1979
Ayatollah Ruholla Khimeini
leader of Iran's conservative Muslims; returned to Iran from exile to establish and Islamic state and to export Iran's militant form of Islam
the dominant Soviet leader after Stalin died in 1953; denounced Stalin for jailing and killing loyal Soviet citizens
became the Soviet leader in 1964; quickly adopted repressive domestic policies, enforcing laws limiting such basic human rights as freedom of speech and worship
assumed the United States presidency in 1963; was committed to stopping the spread of communism; escalated United States involvement in the war in Vietnam
John F. Kennedy
United States president during the early 1960s; during his administration, the Cuban Missile Crisis made the superpowers' use of nuclear weapons a real possibility
United States president who believed in realpolitik, visited both China and the Soviet Union in 1972