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27 terms

Chap 24 - Therapeutic Exercise

STUDY
PLAY
Exercise
purposeful physical activity, is beneficial to people of all ages
Fitness
the capacity to exercise
Body Composition
the amount of body tissue that is lean vs the amount that is fat
Vital Signs
temperature, pulse rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure, reflect a person's physical status
Cardiac Ischemia
impaired blood flow to the heart
Therapeutic Exercise
activity performed by people with health risks or being treated for an existing health problem
Active Exercise
therapeutic activity that the client performs independently
Passive Exercise
therapeutic activity that the client performs with assistance and is provided when a client cannot move one or more parts of the body
Range of Motion (ROM) Exercise
therapeutic activities that move the joints
Why is ROM Performed
(1)assess joint flecibility before initiating an exercise program, (2)maintain joint mobility and flexibility in inactive clients, (3)to prevent ankylosis, (4)stretch joints before performing more strenuous activities, (5)evaluate the client's response to a therapeutic exercise program
Ankylosis
permanent loss of joint movement
Flexion
bending to decrease the angle between two adjoining bones
Extension
straightening to increase the angle between two adjoining bones
Hyperextension
increasing the angle between two adjoining bones more than 180 degrees
Abduction
moving away from the midline
Adduction
moving toward the midline
Rotation
turning from side to side as in an arc
External Rotation
turning outward, away from the midline of the body
Internal Rotation
turning inward, toward the midline of the body
Circumduction
forming a circle
Pronation
turning downward
Supination
turning inward
Plantar Flexion
bending toward the sole of the foot
Dorsiflexion
bending the foot toward the dorsum or anterior side
Inversion
turning the soles of the foot toward the midline
Eversion
turning the sold of the foot away from the midline
Nursing Diagnosis for a client w/impaired mobility
(1)impaired physical mibility, (2)risk for disuse syndrome, (3)unilateral neglect, (4)risk for delayed surgical recovery, (5)activity intolerance