43 terms

American Government -Media

The Media and Interest Groups
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Terms in this set (...)

mass media
The entire array of organizations through which information is collected and disseminated to the general public
news media
Media providing the public with new information about subjects of public interest.
yellow journalism
A form of newspaper publishing in vogue in the late nineteenth century that featured pictures, comincs, color and sensationalized, oversimplified news coverage.
muckraking
A form of journalism, in vogue in the early twentieth century, concerned with reforming government and business conduct.
print media
The traditional form of mass media, comprising newspapers, magazines, newsletters, and journals.
broadcast media
television, radio, cable, and satellite services.
new media
Technologies, such as the internet, that blur the line between media sources and create new opportunities for the dissemination of news and other information
network
An association of broadcast stations that share programming of a national network
affiliates
Local television stations that carry the programming of a national network
wire service
An electronic delivery of news gathered by the news service's correspondents and sent to all member news media organizations
narrowcasting
Targeting media programming at specific populations within a society
blog
Web-based journal entries that provide an editorial and news outlet for citizens
citizen journalism
The collecting, reporting, and analyzing of news content by ordinary individuals
content regulation
Government attempts to regulate the substance of the mass media
equal time rule
The rule that requires broadcast stations to sell air time equally to all candidates in a political campaign if they choose to sell it to any
press release
A document offering an official comment or position
press briefing
A relatively restricted session between a press secretary or aide and the press
press conference
An unrestricted session between an elected official and the press
on background
information provided to a journalist that will not be attributed to a named source
deep background
information provided to a journalist that will not be attributed to any source
off the record
information provided to a journalist that will not be released to the public
on the record
Information provided to a journalist that can be released and attributed by name to the source
New York Times vs. Sullivan
The supreme court concluded that "actual malice" must be proved to support a finding of libel against a public figure
media effects
The influence of news sources on public opinion
agenda setting
the constant process of forming the list of issues to be addressed by government
framing
The process by which a news organization defines a political issue and consequently affects opinion about the issue
social capital
the myriad relaionships that individuals enjoy that facilitate the resolution of community problems through collective action
civic virtue
the tendency to form small-scale associations for the public good
interest group
An organized group that tries to influence public policy
pluralist theory
the theory that political power is distributed among a wide array of diverse and competing interest groups
disturbance theory
the theory that interest groups form in part to counteract the efforts of other groups
transactions theory
the theory that public policies are the result of narrowly defined exchanges among political actors
population ecology theory
the theory that the life of a political orgainzaiton is conditional on the density and diversity of the interest group population in a given area
public interest group
An organization that seeks a collective good that will not selectively and materially benefit group members
economic interest group
A group with the primary purpose is
promoting the financial interests of its members
earmark
funds that an appropriation bill designates for a particular purpose within a state or congressional district
political action committee
Federally regulated, officially registered fund-raising committee that represents interest groups in the political process
lobbyist
interest group representative who seeks to influence legislation that will benefit his or her organization or client through political persuasion
trade association
A group that represents a specific industry
lobbying
the activites of a group or organization that seeks to influence legislation and persuade political leaders to support the group's position
collective good
something of value that cannot be withheld from a nonmember of a group, for example, a tax write-off or a better environment
free rider problem
Potential members fail to join a group because they can get the benefit, or collective good, sought by the group without contributing the effort
Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007
Lobbying reform banning gifts to members of Congress and their staffs, toughening disclosure requirements, and increasing time limits on moving from the federal governmnet to the private sector