110 terms

Vocabulary for Examination - Sentence Transformation 4

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* The only explanation for him being so late is that his train was delayed.
HIS TRAIN must have been delayed for him to be so late.
Could you possibly get here before lunch?
IS THERE any chance you can get here before lunch?
It doesn't matter what happens, we'll still go somewhere nice for your birthday.
COME WHAT MAY, we'll still go somewhere nice for your birthday.

COME WHAT MAY
- whatever happens
You just can't compare the quality of her work with his.
THERE'S NO point in comparing the quality of her work with his.
A rise in temperature in the next century seems likely.
IN ALL PROBABILITY, there will be a rise in temperature in the next century.
* If we delay too long, we are likely to clinch the deal.
THE LONGER we delay, the more likely we ARE TO clinch the deal.

CLINCH
- to get sth
- to win sth
* The brochure gives hardly any useful information.
PRECIOUS little useful information was given in the brochure.
You could be arrested for not giving a breath sample to the police.
REFUSAL to give a breath sample to the police could lead to your arrest.
My boss doesn't allow us to eat at our desk. (LINE)
My boss DRAWS THE LINE AT us eating at our desk.

DRAW THE LINE AT STH
- to never do sth
- to not allow sb to do sth
* Somehow no one found out he had stolen the technical design from another company. (AWAY)
Somehow he MANAGED TO GET AWAY WITH the technical design from another company.
What he told me made me very curious to hear the rest of the history. (APPETITE)
What he told me WHETTED MY APPETITE for the rest of the story.
* Don't eat so many sweets and won't have to visit the dentist so often. (SAVE)
Eating few sweets will SAVE YOU HAVING to visit the dentist so often.
Some people tend to do better in a pressurized working environment. (CONSTANT)
Some people work better when they are UNDER CONSTANT PRESSURE at work.
* Let's hope so-called mad cow disease doesn't break out again. (ANOTHER)
Let's hope there won't be ANOTHER outbreak of the so-called mad cow disease.
There don't seem to be many talented athletes around at the moment. (SUFFERING)
We seem to be SUFFERING FROM a paucity/lack of talented athletes at the moment.
Educationalists don't agree on the value of learning by computer. (EYE)
Educationalists don't SEE EYE TO EYE on the value of learning by computer.
There is sometimes a discrepancy between out outgoings and our earnings. (TALLY)
What we spend doesn't always TALLY with what we earn.

TALLY
- to match or agree with sth
His analysis of the situation was far too complex for me to grasp. (HEAD)
His analysis of the situation WENT RIGHT OVER MY HEAD.

GO OVER YOUR HEAD
- to not understand sth
It was an extremely far-fetching proposal. (EXTREME)
What was being proposed was far-fetching IN THE EXTREME.

IN THE EXTREME
- extremely
The actor suddenly couldn't remember what he was supposed to say. (DRIED)
The actor suddenly DRIED UP.

DRY UP
- to suddenly stop talking because you know not what to say
A house in that district will cost you at least $100.000.
YOU WON'T BE ABLE to buy that house for less than $100.000
The Yeti has very rarely been seen at this altitude.
THERE HAVE BEEN few sightings of the Yeti at this altitude.
It was more of an argument than a discussion.
IT WAS NOT SO much a discussion as an argument.
Their chances of success are small.
IT IS NOT likely they will succeed.
* The committee members said they would remain loyal to the chairman. (PLEDGED)
The committee members PLEDGED their loyalty TO the chairman.
Saying something is not the same as doing it. (WORLD)
There is A WORLD OF DIFFERENCE BETWEEN saying something and doing it.
The house was dirty because no one bothered to keep it clean. (TROUBLE)
The house was dirty because no one TOOK THE TROUBLE to keep it clean.

TAKE THE TROUBLE
- to bother to do sth
In a nutshell, Joseph's not up to the job.
THE LONG AND THE SHORT OF IT, Joseph's not up to the job.

THE LONG AND THE SHORT OF IT
- in a nutshell
- generally
- generally/broadly speaking
* I felt relaxed at Gita's house because her parents greeted me so warmly. (EASE)
Gita's parents MADE ME FEEL AT EASE with the warmth of their greetings.
Since we have encountered many problems, we should stop conducting this research. (HALT)
Since we have encountered many problems, we should CALL A HALT TO this research.

CALL A HALT TO STH
- to put an end to sth
- to put a stop to sth
- to stop/end/halt sth
Fancy you and I meeting in the middle of Africa like this.
IT'S REALLY ODD that you and I should meet in the middle of Africa like this.
Gary is proud of the fact that he is never late.
GARY PRIDES himself on never being late.

PRIDE YOURSELF ON STH
- proud of sth
- to take pride in sth
The goods you want won't come in until next week.
The goods you want are OUT OF STOCKS at the moment.
None of us was expecting to have a test this morning. (BLUE)
The morning's test CAME OUT OF THE BLUE for every one of us.
You can't just decide to go on a safari. You need to plan things very carefully. (SPUR)
Going on a safari isn't a decision you can make ON THE SPUR OF THE MOMENT. You need to plan things very carefully.

ON THE SPUR OF THE MOMENT
- on an impulse
- on a whim
- on a caprice
- impulsively/whimsically/capriciously
Something told me to say exactly what I thought, but I didn't. (SORELY)
I was SORELY TEMPTED to say exactly what I thought.
The severity of the punishment bore no relation to the seriousness of the crime. (PROPORTION)
The severity of the punishment was OUT OF PROPORTION FOR the seriousness of the crime.
In the area, Thailand is much better than all other countries in football. (SHOULDERS)
In the area, Thailand is HEAD AND SHOULDERS ABOVE all other countries in football.
* Don't you remember anything about your lifetime in London as a child? (RECOLLECTION)
Haven't you HAD ANY RECOLLECTION OF your lifetime in London as a child?
Social scientists find it hard to accept that the fall in birth rate is responsible for the old age of our society. (RESISTANCE)
There is RESISTANCE AMONG social scientists to the idea that the fall in birth rate is responsible for the old age of our society.
That rumor about the politician and the construction contract is absolutely false.
THERE IS absolutely no truth in the rumor about the politician and the construction contract.
You can eat as much as you like for $5 at the new lunch bar.
THERE IS no limit on how much you can eat with $5 at the new lunch bar.
You think that fat people are always jolly, but you are wrong.
CONTRARY TO what you think, fat people are not always jolly.
It won't harm us to see what special offers are on at the moment.
WE might as well see what special offers are on at the moment.
He could certainly make a decision on whether learning abroad is a good idea.
THERE IS EVERY likelihood that he will make a decision on whether learning abroad is a good idea.
Tom upset Fiona a bit when he said she behaved like her mother.
Tom RUFFLED FIONA'S FEATHERS when he said she behaved like her mother.

RUFFLE SB'S FEATHERS
- to upset or annoy sb
After she married him, he revealed his true character and she saw him as he really was. (EYES)
After she married him, he revealed his true character and THE SCALES DROPPED FROM HER EYES.

THE SCALES DROP/FALL FROM YOUR EYES: tỉnh ngộ
- you suddenly realize or know the truth
He made an embarrassing mistake when he described his girlfriend as "plump". (FOOT)
He PUT HIS FOOT IN IT when he described his girlfriend as "plump".

PUT YOUR FOOT IN IT/IN YOUR MOUTH: nhỡ mồm
- to say a stupid thing
* After a six-week strike, the workers have started talks to solve the dispute with the management. (ENTERED)
After a six-week strike, the workers have ENTERED INTO NEGOTIATION to solve the dispute with the management.
* Although found guilty, Robson continued to insist that he was not. (PROTEST)
Although found guilty Robson continued to PROTEST HIS INNOCENCE. (= strongly said he was not guilty)
* I knew that the whole project could never have succeeded right from the start. (DOOMED)
I knew that the whole project was DOOMED TO FAILURE right from the start.

DOOMED TO FAILURE
- unable to be successful
We were all surprised that the plan worked perfectly. (PLAIN)
TO OUR SURPRISED, the plan turned out to be PLAIN SAILING.

PLAIN/SMOOTH SAILING: thuận buồm xuôi gió
- fine/Ok/good
It's not a good thing you keep agreeing with people's ideas like that. (TIDE)
You shouldn't be SWIMMING/GOING AGAINST THE TIDE like that.

SWIM/GO AGAINST THE TIDE
- to not follow what everyone else is doing
I hate it when my colleagues try to get involved in everything in my business. (FINGER)
I object to having my colleagues HAVING A FINGER IN EVERY PIE in my own business.

HAVE A FINGER IN EVERY PIE: chuyện gì cũng xía mũi vào
* Because of his lack of confidence right at the last minute, he backed out of the plan. (FEET)
If he hadn't had COLD FEET at the last minute, he wouldn't have backed out of the plan.
Looking back, I think he was trying to deceive us. (LEG)
IN RETROSPECT, I think he was trying to PULL OUR LEG.

IN RETROSPECT: hồi tưởng
- looking now about sth in the past

PULL YOUR LEG
- to deceive
- to fool
However intelligent he may seem, I don't think he can come up with a sudden solution. (RABBIT)
Intelligent as he may seem, I don't think he can PULL A RABBIT OUT OF THE HAT.

PULL A RABBIT OUT OF THE HAT
- to do sth unexpected to improve difficult situations
To tell the truth, market competitions sometime become very fierce. (RED)
AS A MATTER OF FACT, market competitions are sometimes RED IN TOOTH AND CLAW.

RED IN TOOTH AND CLAW
- fierce

(As predatory animals sometimes cover their teeth and claws in blood of their preys as they kill or devour them)
* We suppose the new models are about ten thousand dollars. (VICINITY)
The new models are supposed to be IN THE VICINITY OF ten thousand dollars.

IN THE VICINITY OF STH
- approximately
- about
We are having problems because we didn't take out medical insurance. (COST)
We are COUNTING THE COST because medical insurance wasn't taken out.

COUNT THE COST: gánh chịu hậu quả
- to have problems because you have done sth wrong
The head master is well-known for his reliability and dedication. (REPUTED)
The head teacher is REPUTED to be a reliable and dedicated person.

REPUTED
- famous
- well-known
My grandfather had completely forgotten that he phoned me last night. (RECOLLECTION)
My father HAD NO RECOLLECTION of phoning me last night.
* When you lie, some gestures can show you are lying.
SOME GESTURES can give you away when you lie.
* My decision to get and dance coincided with the band's decision to stop playing.
THE MOMENT I got up to dance, the band stopped playing.
It's nobody's fault that the match was cancelled.
NOBODY IS TO blame for the cancellation of the match.
Something must be done quickly to solve the problem of unemployment.
URGENT action must be taken to solve the problem of unemployment.
You shouldn't talk to people who will not listen. (FALL)
You shouldn't FALL ON DEAF EARS.
I couldn't make Julie give a definite answer. (PIN)
I couldn't PIN Julie DOWN TO a definite answer.

PIN SB DOWN TO STH
- to make sb make a decision
- to make sb provide details of sth
My husband has had to earn the income since I broke my leg.
My husband has BROUGHT HOME THE BACON since I broke my leg.

BRING HOME THE BACON
- to earn money
James Hogg Ltd. is the only shop that supplies this product. (EXCLUSIVE)
James Hogg Ltd. is the EXCLUSIVE supplier of this product.
I think that my parents cope calmly with everything I do. (STRIDE)
I'm under the impression that my parents TAKE everything I do IN STRIDE.

TAKE STH IN STRIDE
- to deal with sth calmly
* Simon hadn't expected that he would feel so weak after the operation.
THE OPERATION left Simon feeling weaker than he had expected.
When they broke the news, she stayed perfectly calm and controlled. (HAIR)
When they broke the news, she did NOT TURN A HAIR.

NOT TURN A HAIR
- to not show emotions when told sth bad has happened
The police didn't mention whether or not the suspects were armed. (OMITTED)
The police OMITTED to mention whether ot not the suspects were armed.

OMIT (to say/mention sth)
- to refuse to talk about/mention sth
It's not certain that Jones will get the job.
IT IS OPEN TO DOUBT whether Jones will get the job.

OPEN TO DOUBT/DISPUTE/QUESTION
- not certain
The defense contributed enormously to the team's success. (MADE)
The defense MADE AN enormous CONTRIBUTION TO the team's success.
I was about to leave the house when I heard the phone ring. (VERGE)
I WAS ON THE VERGE OF leaving when I heard the phone ring.

ON THE VERGE OF DOING STH
- about to do sth
- on the point of doing sth
My friend persuaded me to go to the party in fancy dress.
MY FRIEND TALKED me into going to the party in fancy dress.
* The thief ran right past you, so I'm sure you saw his face.
YOU must have seen the thief's face because he ran past you.
* There's no way we can agree to this solution. (CONCERNED)
This solution is out of the question AS FAR AS I'M CONCERNED.
When I grow up, I'm going to be really important. (CAT)
I'm going to be a FAT CAT when I grow up.

FAT CAT
- big fish/gun/noise/shot/wheel
- someone so important and powerful
I'm never going to speak to Annie again. She made me look foolish in front of all my friends. (MONKEY)
I'm never going to speak to Annie again. She MADE A MONKEY OUT OF ME in front of all my friends.

MAKE A MONKEY OUT OF SB
- to make fun of sb
- to make a mockery of sb
- to take the mickey/mick out of sb
- to mock/tease sb
You'll have to work harder if you want to pass your exams. (SOCKS)
You'll have to PULL YOUR SOCKS UP if you want to pass the exams.

PULL YOUR SOCKS UP
- to try to improve your work or behavior
* It will be necessary to pay the full amount when you book. (PAID)
The full amount will have to be PAID when you look.
* So many people were really delighted when the government lost the election. (JUBILATION)
There was much JUBILATION when the government lost the election.
* The staff hated Frank's new policies intensely and so went on strike. (HATRED)
So intense was the HATRED for Frank's new policies that the staff went on strike.
I feel it's wrong that this site is going to be redeveloped by the council. (EARMARKED)
I feel it's wrong that this site is EARMARKED FOR redevelopment by the council.

EARMARK (for sth)
- to keep or intend sth for a particular purpose
* What put me off the idea was simply how expensive it was going to.
THE SHEER expense/cost was what put me off the idea.
* The fund-raisers have not officially decided where to send the proceeds of the concert.
NO official decision has been made ABOUT where to send to send the proceeds of the concert.
Every possible effort was made by the orphanage to find the boy's parents.
THE ORPHANAGE LEFT NO STONE unturned in an attempt to find the boy's parents.
Experts say that the fall in the birth rate between 1946 and 1977 caused the drop in the number of school leavers.
THE DROP in the number of school leavers is said to have been caused by the fall in the birth rate between 1946 and 1977.
The ban on hunting was only imposed because the Minister insisted.
BUT FOR the Minister's insistence, the ban wouldn't have been imposed.
We would have had a nice party if he hadn't behaved so badly.
IT WAS HIS behavior that prevented us from having a nice party.
* We would like to have a copy of your new prospectus.
WOULD YOU BE so kind as to send us a copy of your new prospectus.
Why should anybody be proud of the fact that they got rid of 200 jobs?
WHY SHOULD ANYBODY TAKE pride in the fact that they got rid of 200 jobs?
* Travellers consider themselves superior to those who lead a more sedentary life. (DOWN)
Travellers LOOK DOWN ON those who lead a more sedentary life.
I know I don't make clear what I mean sometimes. (EXPRESS)
I know I don't EXPRESS MYSELF clearly sometimes.
I only called the police when I had tried everything else. (RESORT)
I only called the police AS A LAST RESORT.
* The girl's behavior was incomprehensible to the Head Teacher. (LOSS)
The Head teacher was AT A LOSS to comprehend the girl's behavior.
He threatened the officers with violence.
HE MADE threats of violence against the officers.
Whatever the methods used to obtain the result, drugs were definitely not involved.
THERE WAS NO QUESTION of drugs being involved, whatever the methods used to obtain the result.
* It was the ability to incorporate loan words that made English so rich in vocabulary.
ENGLISH BECAME rich in vocabulary because of its ability to incorporate loan words.
To pass the time, I looked through some pictures.
I WHILED AWAY the time by looking through some pictures.
* The manufacturing process was delayed by problems no one had foreseen. (HELD)
The manufacturing process WAS HELP UP DUE TO UNFORESEEN problems.
Eliza would never have got the job if her brother hadn't advised her when she completed the application form. (WITHOUT)
Eliza would never have got the job WITHOUT HER BROTHER'S HAVING ADVISED HER WHEN completing the application form.
* "My trainer's foreign accent makes it hard to follow what she says", Sue said. (WHICH)
Sue explained to me that it WAS HER TRAINER'S FOREIGN ACCENT WHICH MADE it hard to follow what he said.
* The guide point out to us the magnificent carvings above the window. (DREW)
The guide DREW OUR ATTENTION TO the magnificent carvings above the window.
* We ask passengers not to leave their seats until the aircraft door have been penned. (REMAIN)
Passengers ARE ASKED TO REMAIN SEATED until the aircraft doors have been penned.
Keeping calm is the secret of passing your driving test.
AS long as you keep calm, you will pass your driving test.
I left without saying goodbye as I didn't want to wake him up.
RATHER than wake him up, I left without saying goodbye.
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