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Important Information on New Zealand's Topography , Climate and Historical Geography

New Zealand's Location

Approx. 1,600km of SE Asia

New Zealand Vitals

2 Islands - North and South, Similar to Great Britain, Very Productive, Populous North Island


A Rugged Landscape

Topography - South Island

Southern Alps - over 3,500 m
Similar to Australia

Climate - West Coast

Marine West Coast (Maritime Climate), Similar to Great Britain and US Pacific NW

Climate - South

H-type in Southern Highlands, Rainy in South Island - which can get heavy

New Zealand's weather is ideal in

Agriculture and Ranching, which is also intense in the North Island

First Settlement

Approx. 1,500 Years Ago

Historical Geography

A Remote part of the World

No Evidence of

Permanent Settlement before 9th Century AD

Successive Waves of

Polynesian Immigrants (11th to 18th Centuries)

Similar Immigration to


Pre European

Ways of Peoples and Density

First European Contacts

Tasman in 1642

First European to Land

James Cook in 1769 - Devoured by civilians

Since the late 1700's

Colonization from Great Britain

British Sovereignty in 1840

Beginning of Main European Immigration Waves

The Waitangi Treaty

Peace Between British and the Maoris

Late 1880's

Became a part of the British Commonwealth

Present Day New Zealand

A Constitutional Monarchy

British Colony Based System

Just like Australia with a Governor General

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