22 terms

Roman Republic through Flavian and Pompeii

Roman Republic through Flavian plus Pompeii Semester One EHS AP ART HISTORY
Roman Republic
Preoccupied with age and expressed it through verism
Thought age was a symbol of wisdom which was valued in the republic system of government
Full of respect for the elder members of society
Realism exaggerated almost to the extreme
Used in the Roman Republic to show the wisdom of a person
Roman Temple Characteristics
Use of engaged columns
Cella walls are pushed out to meet columns
Tuscan Columns
Non-fluted columns used in Roman temples
Composite Columns
Combination of ionic volute with Corinthian leaves on the capitol
Art of Roman Emperors
Emperors were believed to be gods and were shown as such in art with idealism and serene expressions
The emperors who followed Octavian when he died
Many were crazy and violent
Octavian (Caesar Augustus)
Nephew of Julius Caesar
Used art as propaganda
Wanted to be shown as god-like, strong and youthful
Militaristic and empire stabilizers who were ugly and real
Classical style was too beautiful so returned to verism
Kept ideal image
House of the Vettii, Pompeii
Based on axial symmetry
Light came from peristylium and atriums
Fresh water and fountains
Roman mosaics
Used to make an image last
Stone, pebbles or glass used to create realistic scenes
Became major characteristic of Byzantine art after fall of Rome
Example of Verism
Deep wrinkles used to show age and imply wisdom
Maybe a government official due to the deepness of the wrinkles
Augustus Prima Porta
Strong piece of propaganda for Octavian
Orator pose to show governmental power and respect
Breasts plate to show military power
Cupid hanging on toga to show divinity
Octavian forever appears youthful and strong to his people
Ara Pacis Auguste by Octavian
Enclosed an open air alter
All marble panels and powerful propaganda piece
One frieze is a progression of senators and the other is the imperial extended family
Octavian encouraged marriage and used children as a symbol of the future of the empire
Used to show equal importance of government and religion if not more on government
Flavian Amphitheatre (Colosseum)
Built for the Flavian love of sports
Three levels of arcades each with a different column type
Arches are framed by engaged columns
Shows Etruscan influence of post and lintel
Seen as symbol of Roman strength
Arch of Titus—81 CE
Built by Domitian to honor Titus
Constructed of concrete with marble over
Originally a base for a statue
Barrel vault
Composite columns support entablature
Spoils From the Temple of Solomon—81CE
Relief inside Titus Arch
Shows Roman soldiers carrying spoils of war through arch
Pont du Gard—16BCE, Nimes, France
Aqueduct built by Romans to transport water
Allowed for larger cities to be built
Each level of arcades buttresses the next
Progression of heavier to lighter arches
First style of painting: Incrustation
Used Tromp-l'oiel to give appearance of a different type of material
Effort to look upperclass
Second Style of painting
Used illusions of walls, windows and columns to open up the cubicula
Mythological subjects and images
Third Style of painting
Begins with Augustus
Walls become picture galleries
Usually had one central surrounded by other pictures
Framed by tracing and color
Fourth Style of painting
Combined elements of first three
Painted marble base
Large scene of second style
Small scenes of second style