Chapter one- key terms
Terms in this set (39)
A staple crop for most Native Americans in the united states.
An important animal used by the American Indians. Brought from Europe.
Small pox and the measles were given to the natives from the Europeans due to their lack of immunity. syphilis was given to the Europeans.
The king of Spain gave grants of land and natives to individual Spaniards after they had taken the natives gold and silver. At the this time Spain was seen as one of the most wealthy and most powerful.
The Spanish brought enslaved people from west Africa. This system then required for the Spanish to pay a tax to the Spanish king for each slave they imported to America.
During the 15th century the Portuguese used slave labor in sugar plantations in West Africa. Europeans later used in in the American colonies because they saw how profitable it was.
A connection between to land masses that allowed people to colonize new territory.
A culture in the Midwest settlements. What is now Ohio. They created large earthen mounds. supported by hunting, fishing, and agriculture.
Hokokam, Anasazi, and Pueblos
Groups from the southwest settlements which is now New Mexico and Arizona. multifaceted societies supported by farming and irrigation. lived in caves, under cliffs, and multi-storied buildings.
Woodland Mound Builders
Built by the Adena Hoopewell culture in the Midwest.
Nomadic hunters or sedentary people. Because of the horses they got from the Spanish, they moved away from farming and hunted by following the buffalo across the plains.
They built cities in the rain forest of the Yucatan Peninsula which is present day Guatemala, Belize, and southern Mexico. Created a reliable calendar and relied on farming for food supply. staple crop: corn. organized society and had extensive trade.
The Incas were based in Peru and they created a great empire within south America. relied on farming, staple crop: potatoes. organized societies, extensive trade, and reliable calendars.
from central Mexico they created a strong empire. The capital of the Aztecs was Tenochtitlan. relied on farminng, staple crop: Corn. organized societies, extensive trade and reliable calendars.
Spanish explorers and conquers.
conquered the Aztecs in Mexico.
Conquered the Incas in Peru.
New Laws of 1542
These laws ended Indian slavery, stopped forced Indian labor and began the end of the encomienda system, which kept the Indians in serfdom.
Englisher adventurer, Sir Walter Raleigh attempted to create a settlement at Roanke island off the North Carolina coast but failed.
Invented by the Chinese but adopted by the Arab Merchants.
invented in the 1450s. aided spread of knowledge across Europe.
Ferdinand and Isabella
They were the King and Queen of Spain. Isabella was the queen of Castile and Ferdinand the king of Aragon. Funded Christopher Columbus' exploration to the "New Indies."
Certain Christians revolted against the authority of the pope in Rome. This was known as the protestant reformation.
Henry the Navigator
Prince Henry the Navigator was a monarch who depended on trade and looked to the church to justify their right to rule.
In 1492 he got financial support from Ferdinand and Isabella to Sail west to the "Indies." He landed Oct. 12 1492 in the Bahamas. He found a "New World," he didn't treat the Indians very well.
Treaty of Tordesillas
In 1492 Spain and Portugal signed the Treaty of Tordesillas. This agreement enforced the line of demarcation which divided the world to Spain and Portugal's territories. Spain got lands to the west and Portugal the east.
Portuguese used slavery in sugar plantations off the African coast. Slaves were then traded to Europe in America for profitable labor.
Small kingdoms and multiethnic empires were coming together. They were replaced with nation-states were they shared a common culture and loyalty to a central government.
There were many languages between the American Indians one of the largest being Algonquian in the Northeast
There were many languages between the American Indians, one being the Siouan language in the Great Plains.
A political union of 5 tribes who lived in the Mohawk Valley of New York. The tribes were the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk.
Multiple families related through the mother lived in longhouses which were up to 200 feet long. Used by the Iroquois Confederation
An Italian captain who sailed under a contract to Henry VII the king of England. He explored the coast of the Newfoundland in 1497.
French claims were based on the voyages of Jacques Cartier. He explored the St. Lawrence River.
Samuel De Champlain
He established the first permanent french settlement in Quebec. "Father of New France,"
he was an experienced sailor, trying to sail west to Asia through northern America, he sailed up a broad river. Later named Hudson River, after him.
Bartolome De Las Casas
He was a Spanish priest who advocated for better treatment to the Indiana, even though he owned lands and slaves and fought against the Indians in war.He persuaded the king to institute the New Laws of 1542.
A debate over the treatment of the Indians. Las Casas argued that the Indians were human therefore equal, while Another priest named Juan Gines de Sepulveda argued that the Indians were less than human.
Juan Gines de Sepulveda
He was a priest who argued agianst the Indians having equal treatment. He argued against Las Casas saying they were less then human.
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