Terms in this set (30)
The cognitive components that Bandura describes as necessary for the performance of modeled behavior are
attention, retention, motor reproduction, and motivation.
Evan loves life! He sky-dives, scuba-dives, rides a motorcycle, and rock-climbs. His motto is: "you only live once" and he tries to get the most out of life by doing what he wants, eating what he wants (he was voted "junk-food-junkie" in high school), and throwing caution to the wind. When questioned about this, Evan declares that he is "lucky" and that he sincerely doubts that anything negative will happen to him. Evan's explanatory style is
The word "gestalt" means
pattern or configuration.
A field dependent person is more sensitive to __________ than a field independent person.
all of the above
How we allocate our attention is a function of
a combination of current goals and a few salient environmental features.
When do we tend to weigh generalized expectancies most heavily?
in novel situations
According to personal construct theory, how do people view reality?
Within a framework that is personally constructed in terms of their personal relationship with the world.
According to your textbook, in the debate between Skinner and May, who was proved right?
they were both right
During __________, time may seem to stop and the immediate environment may recede.
a peak experience
Which of the following is NOT characteristic of a peak experience?
There is a heightened sense of anxiety.
Many humanistic psychologists have deep roots in
In the 1960s and 1970, which approach to personality often meant hippie communes in the woods, with encounter groups, body massage, meditation, organic health foods, and communing with nature?
The idea that people's perceptions or subjective realities are considered to be valid data for investigation is termed
Which of the following best describes how Cattell contributed to the trait approach.
Cattell took previously collected adjectives that describe personality and participants were rated on each trait. Factor analysis was used to cluster and make connections between the traits.
Individuals who are Open to Experience tend to be
Which is NOT a characteristic of traits as defined by Allport?
all the above
A significant criticism of the Five Factor Model is that
five is too few factors to describe personality.
In general, the easiest traits to recognize in others are
extraversion and conscientiousness.
Allport was concerned with issues of
Which of the following is NOT one of the big five traits?
John is very good about setting goals for himself. He successfully completes tasks that he sets forth for himself, and he rewards himself for his accomplishments. He often says that he is the "master of his fate," and he expects to be successful. John is likely
all of the above
Cantor & Kihlstrom's idea of "social intelligence" describes
individual variation in social and interpersonal skills.
A zero-acquaintance is someone who
we have never interacted with
In what way(s) are motives different from traits?
all of the above
If you are interested in defining, as simply as possible, what makes a "good friend," you might list all of the things you value in a friend, and then use a statistical procedure based on correlations to narrow all of these down into just a few basic categories or dimensions. This type of analysis is called
How might we determine whether or not the "Big Five" really exist?
All of the above may help to demonstrate their reality.
"Heidi is aggressive and extroverted." This statement describes Heidi in terms of
Maslow discussed sex as a(n) __________ and respect from others as a(n) __________.
physiological need; esteem need
Fromm's view of love and society is that
none of the above
In the 1990s, which approach to personality is associated with protecting humans' relations with an unsullied, unpolluted natural eco-sphere, concern with the individual worker's self-development, and concern with the feelings and ideas of small groups of workers?