27 terms

Pittsburgh Prep Versus Target 3! (Combined)

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substantial
adj.
large in amount, size, or number; strongly made

A substantial number of people commute to work each day.
significant
adj.
large enough to be noticed or have an effect; very important; having a special or hidden meaning

A significant number of customers complained about the service.
rarefied
adj.
understood by only a small group of people; only for people who know about a particular thing

Debates about the nature of knowledge can seem very rarefied.
profound
adj.
having or showing great knowledge or understanding; difficult to understand

Her books offer profound insights into the true nature of courage.
portentous
adj.
giving a sign or warning that something usually bad or unpleasant is going to happen; trying to seem important, serious, or impressive

An eerie and portentous stillness hung over the camp the night before the battle. In 1969 people regarded the first landing on the moon as a truly portentous event.
portend
v.
to be a sign or warning that something usually bad or unpleasant is going to happen

The distant thunder portended a storm.
poignant
adj.
causing a strong feeling of sadness

The photograph was a poignant reminder of her childhood.
noteworthy
adj.
important or interesting enough to be noticed; deserving attention

He gave several noteworthy performances during his short career.
momentous
adj.
very important; having great or lasting importance

My college graduation was a momentous day in my life.
intense
adj.
very great in degree; very strong; done with or showing great energy, enthusiasm, or effort

After many years of intense study, he received his medical degree.
estimable
adj.
deserving respect

She has written an estimable novel.
considerable
adj.
large in size, amount, or quantity

We received a considerable number of complaints.
peremptory
adj.
having or showing the insulting attitude of people who think that they should be obeyed without question

The governor's peremptory personal assistant began telling the crowd of reporters and photographers exactly where they had to stand.
abstruse
adj.
hard to understand; recondite

His abstruse arguments were hard to follow.
whit
n.
a very small amount

I care not a whit about what other people think.
subsidiary
adj./n.
not as important as something else (adj.); owned or controlled by another company (adj.); a company that is owned or controlled by another company (n.)

Many environmentalists argue that the cause of animal rights is subsidiary to that of protecting the environment (adj.) Rolls Royce Motor Cars is a subsidiary of BMW, who makes the engines (n.)
subordinate
adj./n./v.
less important (adj.); someone who has less power or authority (n.); to think of or treat as less important (v.)

It is one of the lessons of history that more powerful civilizations often subordinate weaker ones.
nonessential
adj.
not completely necessary; not essential

Please avoid all nonessential uses of water.
modicum
n.
a small amount

Only a modicum of skill is necessary to put the kit together.
jot
n./v.
the smallest amount (n.); to write down quickly (v.)

It's obvious that he doesn't have a jot of interest in history.
irrelevant
adj.
not important or relating to what is being discussed right now; not relevant

His comment is completely irrelevant.
insubstantial
adj.
not large or important

Their contribution to the fund was insubstantial.
inconsequential
adj.
not important

That's an inconsequential problem compared to the other issues
incidental
adj./n.
happening as a minor part or result of something else (adj.); something that is incidental (n.)

You may incur some incidental expenses on the trip.
impalpable
adj.
incapable of being felt by touch, intangible; not readily discerned by the mind (impalpable evils)

The rich colors used in the wall coverings and furniture give the room an impalpable warmth.
immaterial
adj.
not important or significant

Whether or not he intended to cause problems is immaterial.
extraneous
adj.
not forming a necessary part of something; not important

She sped up the process by eliminating all extraneous steps.

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