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a contrast between expectation and reality
an implied comparison using figurative language
compares two things that are alike in order to clarify
author's attitude toward the subject or the audience
the way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences.
a writer's or speaker's choice of words
a brief reference to a person, place, thing, event, or idea in history or literature
interrupts discussion and addresses a person or personified thing directly
Repeated usage of word(s)/group of words in the same sentence to create a rhythm
point of view
the perspective from which the story is told (1st, 2nd, 3rd person, limited, omniscent
something that stands for or represents something else
exaggeration for emphasis
a question not answered by the writer because it is obvious; used for effect or emphasis
the same grammatical structure within a sentence or sentences in a paragraph
expressing an idea as less important than it is for emphasis
Placement of two things side by side for emphasis
leaving out conjunctions between words, phrases, clauses
contrast of ideas or words in a balanced structure
short story of an amusing or interesting event
the feelings or emotions surrounding a word
the literal meaning of a word
what is said is the opposite of what is meant.
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
Repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row.
language that appeals to the senses
a statement opposite of common sense, but still true
giving human qualities to non-human things
an explicit comparison using "like" or "as"
a paradox reduced to two words
Deliberate use of many conjunctions for emphasis
A simile that is developed over several lines of writing.
words that sound like what they mean
phrases that appear more often in spoken than in written language