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33 terms

Rhetorical Devices

STUDY
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Irony
a contrast between expectation and reality
Metaphor
an implied comparison using figurative language
analogy
compares two things that are alike in order to clarify
tone
author's attitude toward the subject or the audience
syntax
the way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences.
diction
a writer's or speaker's choice of words
allusion
a brief reference to a person, place, thing, event, or idea in history or literature
apostrophe
interrupts discussion and addresses a person or personified thing directly
repitition
Repeated usage of word(s)/group of words in the same sentence to create a rhythm
point of view
the perspective from which the story is told (1st, 2nd, 3rd person, limited, omniscent
symbol
something that stands for or represents something else
hyperbole
exaggeration for emphasis
rhetorical question
a question not answered by the writer because it is obvious; used for effect or emphasis
parallelism
the same grammatical structure within a sentence or sentences in a paragraph
understatement
expressing an idea as less important than it is for emphasis
juxtaposition
Placement of two things side by side for emphasis
asyndeton
leaving out conjunctions between words, phrases, clauses
antithesis
contrast of ideas or words in a balanced structure
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event
connotation
the feelings or emotions surrounding a word
denotation
the literal meaning of a word
verbal irony
what is said is the opposite of what is meant.
alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
anaphora
Repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row.
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
paradox
a statement opposite of common sense, but still true
personification
giving human qualities to non-human things
simile
an explicit comparison using "like" or "as"
oxymoron
a paradox reduced to two words
polysyndeton
Deliberate use of many conjunctions for emphasis
extended simile
A simile that is developed over several lines of writing.
onomatopoeia
words that sound like what they mean
colloquial expressions
phrases that appear more often in spoken than in written language