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Bites and stings are among the most common forms of
Some of the most common types of bites and stings are from:
Spiders and scorpions.
Domestic and wild animals.
Specific signals of common bites and stings depend on:
The type and location of the bite or sting.
The amount of Poision injected.
The time elapsed since the poisoning.
The victims size, weight, and medical condition and age.
Less severe reactions to bites and stings may trigger signals including:
A bite of sting mark.
A stinger, tentacle or venom sac.
Pain or tenderness.
Severe allergic reactions to bites and stings may bring on a life threatening condition
Between __ to __ percent of Americans are severely allergic to substances in the venom of bees, wasps, Hornets, and yellow jackets.
0.5 to 5
When a highly allergic person is stung,
Call 911 or the local emergency immediately because just one sting can result in anaphylaxis.
For most people, insect stings may be painful or uncomfortable, but not
To give cafe fore an insect sting:
1. Examine the sting site.
2. If the stinger is still present, remove it to prevent any further poisoning.
3. Wash the area with soap and water and cover the site, the. Apply ice or a cold pack.
4. Ask the person if they have any know. Prior allergic reactions to that particular type if insect sting.
5. Observe the victim for signals of allergic reaction.
You can remove the stinger by:
Scraping the stinger away from the skin with the edge of a plastic card or tweezers. If you use the tweezers, grasp the stings not the venom sac to prevent the sac from bursting and releasing more venom into the skin.
Tickets can contract, carry, and transmit
Disease to humans.
Some of the forages spread by ticks include:
Rocky Mountain fever.
Babes is infection.
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is caused by
The transmission of microscopic bacteria from the wood tick or dog tick host to another warm-blooded animals.
The main signal of Rocky Mountain spotted fever is
A spotted rash that appears between 2 and 14 days after bite.
Characterized by first appearing as small spots on wrists/ankles and then spreading to the rest of the body is known as
Rocky Mountain fever.
Other signals include:
Fever, chills, nausea and vomiting, lack of appetite, severe headache, and joint and muscle aches.
Advanced signals of infection include:
Abdominal pain, joint pain, diarrhea.
If Rocky Mountain is left untreated,
Complications can be life threatening and contact health care provider.
Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis)6
Another illness that can come from the bite of an infected tick.
Most cases of infection occur between ___ to late ____ when ticks are the most active and people spend more time outdoors.
The ticks must remain embedded in Hunan skin for about __-__ hours to transmit the disease.
The first signal of Lyme disease as a
Small red area at the site of the bite, possibly spreading up to 7 inches wide.
Lyme disease is usually not
Itchy or painful.
Signals for Lyme disease for light skinned people:
Center of rash is lighter in color and outer edges are raised and red (bull's-eye appearance).
Signals for Lyme disease in dark skinned people:
Rash area may look black and blue (bruise like)
Fever and chills, headache, weekends or fatigue.
In the advanced stages of Lyme disease may cause:
Vision or hearing problems.
Flu like joint and muscle aches.
If Lyme disease is left untreated or not caught early enough,
Can affect the brain, nervous system, and heart.
If you suspect Lyme disease,
Do not delay seeking treatment. The longer a person is infected, the longer the treatment time and less effective the recovery.
To protect yourself from tick bites:
- Wear repellent and proper clothing.
- Check and clean your clothes thoroughly after having been in wooded areas.
- Use precautions when removing a tick.
Precautions when removing a tick:
1. Remove the embedded tick.
2. Place the tick in a stable container or jar for analysis. To kill the tick, place rubbing alcohol in the container.
3. If you cannot remove the tick or parts remain, get medical care.
4. Wash the bite area with soap and water.
5. Apply antiseptic or triple antibiotic ointment.
6. Wash your hands.
7. Check the site periodical thereafter. If rash, flu-Luke symptoms or joint pain appears, seek medical attention.
When removing an embedded tick, DO NOT
Try to burn the tick off.
Apply petroleum jelly or nail polish to the tick.
Two spiders that can cause illness and occasionally death are the
Black widow spider and the brown recluse spider.
Black widow characterized by
A reddish hourglass-shaped marking on its underbody.
Brown recluse characterized by
A darker brown violin-shaped marking on the top of its body.
Bites usually occur on
Arms and hands.
A black widow spider bite usually causes
A sharpe pinprick pain followed by a dull pain in the area of the bite.
Other signals if a black widow sounder bite include:
A brown recluse spider may initially produce
Little or no pain.
Signals of a brown recluse bite include:
Pain in the area of the bite an hour or more after it occurs.
Blood-filled blister forms under the surface of the skin, sometimes in a target or bull's-eye pattern.
Over time, the bluster increases in size and eventually ruptures, which lead to severe tissue destruction and a black scab.
A hobo spider also produced an
Open, slow-healing wound.
Scorpions live in dry regions of the southwestern United States and Mexico and are most active at
Night, which is when most stings occur.
Since it is hard to distinguish poisonous scorpions from the non-poisonous scorpions,
All scorpion stings should be treated as medical emergencies.
Signals of any spider bites and scorpion stings may include:
A mark indicating a possible bite or sting.
Severe pain in area of the bite or sting.
A blister, lesion, or swelling at the entry or bite site.
Nausea or vomiting.
Trouble breathing or swallowing.
Sweating or salivating.
Irregular heart rhythm.
Muscle cramping or abdominal pain.
If a person is bitten by a venomous spider or stung by a scorpion
Call 911 or the local emergency number immediately.
Wash the wound.
Apply an antibiotic ointment (if not allergic) and bandage the wound.
Apply ice or cold pack.
If you transport the person to medical facility yourself, keep the bitten area elevated and as still as possible.
Most deaths from snake bites occur because
The victim has an allergic reaction, the victim is in poor health, or too much time passes before the victim deceives medical care.
Medical personnel are not in
General agreement about care for snakebites.
Signals that indicate a poisonous snakebite include:
One or two distinct puncture wounds.
May or may not bleed.
Severe pain and burning at the wound site.
Swelling and discoloration at the wound site.
Exception: Coral snakes have teeth that leave a
Semicircular mark (like a mouth).
Follow these guidelines to care for someone bitten by a snake:
1. Call 911 or local emergency number immediately if the bite is from venomous snake.
2. Wash wound with soap or water.
3. Apply elastic pressure bandage to attempt the spread of the venom through the body from the site.
4. Immobilize the affected part.
Keep the affected are lower than the heart, if possible.
Minimize victim's movement.
If the bite is from an elapid snake such as a coral snake:
Apply an elastic roller bandage.
Regardless of what you may have otherwise heard or read about how to care for snakebites:
Apply ice, cut the wound, apply suction, apply a tourniquet, use electric shock.
Rattlesnake, copperhead, cottonmouth, coral snake,
Some marine life, such as jellyfish, can
Inflict painful injuries that can make you sick.
Signals of marine life stings include:
Possible puncture wounds.
Signs of a possible allergic reaction.
The side affects of marine life stings include allergic reactions that can cause:
For marine life stings,
Remove the victim from the water.
Call 911 or the local emergency number if the victim:
Does not know what stung him or her.
Has a history of allergic reactions to marine life.
Is stung on the face of neck.
Develops trouble breathing.
For jellyfish stings:
Soak the injured part as soon as possible in vinegar for at least 30 seconds, to offset the toxin.
Do not run area.
Once tentacles have been removed and the stinging action has been stopped, care for pain by hot-water immersion. Have the person take a hot shower for at least 20 minutes.
For jellyfish stings DO NOT:
Apply freshwater or ammonia.
For Portuguese man-of-war stings use ocean water instead of vinegar because
The vinegar triggers further spread of the venom.
For stingray, sea urchin, or spiny fish stings:
Flush the wound with tap water or ocean water.
Immobilize the injured part.
Soak body part in hot water for at least 20 minutes or until pain subsides.
Clean and bandage the wound.
Watch for signals of infection and consult with a health care provider to determine if the tetanus shot is necessary.
If hot water is not available,
Packing the area in hot sand may have a similar was the if the sand is hot enough.
The bite of a domestic or wild animal like a human bite,
Carries risk of infection as well as soft tissue injury.
One of the most serious disease that can result from a wild or domestic animal bite is
Fatal if not treated, which professional medical attention is needed as soon as possible.
A series of vaccine injections are given to the person to
Build up immunity to prevent rabies from reoccurring.
Tetanus is a potentially fatal infection that affects the
Central nervous system.
Tetanus is cause by
The transmission of bacteria that produce a toxin when someone is bitten by an animal or human.
Signals of tetanus include:
Painful muscular spasms.
One of the most common signals of tetanus is
Muscular stiffness in the jaw, which is why tetanus is sometimes known as lockjaw.
If someone is bitten by an animal,
Try to get the person. Safely away from the animal.
For a minor wound:
Wash wound with soap and water.
Apply triple antibiotic ointment.
Apply a dressing.
Monitor for signals of infection.
If the wound is bleeding heavily:
Control the bleeding, but do not clean the wound.
Call 911 or the local emergency number.
Watch for signals of infection.
Call animal control authorities, if possible an necessary.
Human bites differ from other bites because
They may be more contaminated and tend to occur in higher-risk areas of the body and often receive delayed care.
Human salvia has been found to do rain at least __ different kinds of species of bacteria.
According to the CDC, human bites are not considered to
carry a risk of transmitting hepatitis or B or HIV.
___ are often inflictors and recipients of human bite wounds.
If the wound is not severe enough:
Wash wound thoroughly with soap and water.
Control bleeding and apply dressing.
Watch for warning signs of infection.
Take victim to physician or medical facility.
If the bite is severe: control bleeding,
Call 911 or local emergency number.
Follow these general guidelines to prevent bites and stings:
Apply repellant, sturdy boots, long-sleeved shirts and pants, tuck in pants and shirt, inspect yourself after being outdoors, shower immediately, spray pets with repellent, make noise when you walk, when encounter snake walk away in the same path as you were on.
The best way to avoid any kind of poisoning
is to take preventative steps ahead of time.
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