21 terms


Layer of squamous epithelial cells that provides a protective barrier
Layer composed of collagen, elastic fibers, blood, lymph, and nerves
Subcutaneous tissue
Fatty tissue which anchors skin to muscles and bones
Partial thickness burns
1st and 2nd degree burns
Full thickness burns
3rd and 4th degree burns
1st degree burns
Mild to severe erythema, no blisters, skin blanches with pressure
2nd degree burns
Large blisters, edema, mottled red, wet shiny skin, painful
3rd degree burns
Deep red, black, dry skin, edema, little to no pain, tissue disrupted with fat exposed
4th degree burns
Involves injury to muscle and bone, edema and pain absent, no blisters
Burn shock
Inability of circulation to meet needs of tissues for oxygen and nutrients
Immediate Care
Priority of airway, breathing, circulation, rehydration, pain management
Electrolyte imbalance
Within 1st 8 hours- increased potassium, decreased sodium
Stabilize Care
Promote healing, prevent complications/contractures, restore function
Anti-infective given for potentially life threatening infections
Own skin removed from non burned area
Skin from cadaver
Skin from animal
Reason for skin grafts
To prevent water, electrolyte, or protein loss
Topical agent that can be used to penetrate thick eschar
Topical agent that may elevate iodine levels if applied to large areas of skin
Nutrition for burns
Protein increased 2-4 times normal, calories 2,000-4,000/day