197 terms

Medical Terminology Systems;Chapter 2;Suffixes

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gastr/o
stomach
-itis
inflammation
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
hemat/o
blood
-emesis
vomiting
hematemesis
vomiting blood
arthr/o
joint
arthritis
inflammation of a joint
-dynia
pain
gastrodynia
pain in the stomach
-logy
study of
hematology
study of blood
-centesis
surgical puncture
arthrocentesis
surgical puncture of a joint
enter
intestine
gastroenteritis
inflammation of stomach and intestine
oste/o
bone
osteoarthritis
inflammation of bone and joint
encephal/o
brain
mening
meninges
encephalomeningitis
inflammation of brain and meninges
-clasis
to break;surgical breakage
osteoclasis
surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity
-desis
binding, fixation(of a bone or joint)
-ectomy
excision,removal
append
appendix
appendectomy
excision of the appendix
-lysis
separation;destruction;loosening
thromb/o
blood clot
thrombolysis
destruction of a blood clot
-pexy
fixation (of an organ)
mast/o
breast
mastopexy
fixation of the breast(s)
-plasty
surgical repair
rhin/o
nose
rhinoplasty
surgical repair of the nose
-rrhaphy
suture
my/o
muscle
myorrhaphy
suture of the muscle
-stomy
forming an opening(mouth)
trache/0
trachea(windpipe)
tracheostomy
forming an opening into the trachea
-tome
instrument to cut
osteotome
instrument to cut bone
-tomy
incision
tracheotomy
incision (through the neck) into the trachea
-tripsy
crushing
lith/o
stone
lithotripsy
crushing a stone
-gram
record, writing
electr/o
electricity
cardi/o
heart
electrocardiogram
record of the electrical activity of the heart
-graph
instrument for recording
cardiograph
instrument for recording electrical activity of the heart
-graphy
process of recording
angi/o
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
angiography
process of recording blood vessels
-meter
instrument for measuring
pelv/i
pelvis
pelvimeter
instrument for measuring
-metry
act of measuring
pelvimetry
act or process of measuring the dimensions of the pelvis
-scope
instrument for examining
endo
in,within
endoscope
instrument for examining within
-scopy
visual examination
endoscopy
visual examination within
-algia
-dynia
pain
neur
nerve
neuralgia
pain of a nerve
ot/o
ear
otodynia
pain in the ear; also called earache
-cele
hernia, swelling
hepat/o
liver
hepatocele
hernia of the liver
-ectasis
dilation, expansion
bronchi
bronchus (plural, bronchi)
bronchiectasis
dilation or expansion of one or more bronchi
-edema
swelling
lymph
lymph
lymphedema
swelling and accumulation of tissue fluid
-emesis
vomiting
hyper-
excessive, above normal
hyperemesis
excessive vomiting
-emia
blood condition
an-
without, not
anemia
blood condition caused by a decrease in red blood cells (erythrocytes)
-gen
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
carcin/o
cancer
carcinogen
-forming, producing, or origin of cancer
-Is a substance or agent, such as a cigarette, that causes the development or increases the incidence of cancer
carcinogenesis
-forming, producing, or origin of cancer
-Is the transformation of normal cells into cancer cells, commonly as a result of chemical, viral, or radioactive damage to genes
-iasis
abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
chol/e
bile, gall
cholelithiasis
abnormal condition of gallstones
cholelith
gallstone
-malacia
softening
chondr/o
cartilage
chondromalacia
softening of the articular cartilage, usually involving the patella
-megaly
enlargement
cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart
-oma
tumor
neuroma
-tumor composed of nerve tissue
-is a benign tumor composed of neurons and nerve fibers or swelling of the nerve
-osis
abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
cyan
blue
cyanosis
-dark blue or purple discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane
-indicates a deficiency of oxygen in the blood
-pathy
disease
myopathy
disease of muscle
-penia
decrease, deficiency
erythr/o
red
erythropenia
decrease in red blood cells
-phagia
eating, swallowing
dys-
bad; painful; difficult
dysphagia
inability or difficulty in swallowing
-phasia
speech
a-
without, not
aphasia
absence or impairment of speech
-phobia
fear
hem/o
blood
hemophobia
fear of blood
-plasia
-plasm
formation, growth
dysplasia
abnormal formation or growth of cells, tissues, or organs
neo-
new
neoplasm
new formation or growth of tissue
-plegia
paralysis
hemi-
one half
hemiplegia
-paralysis of one side of the body
-usually caused by stoke or brain injury
-ptosis
prolapse, downward displacement
blephar/o
eyelid
blepharptosis
drooping of the upper eyelid
-rrhage
-rrhagia
bursting forth (of)
men/o
menses, menstruation
hemorrhage
bursting forth (of) blood
menorrhagia
profuse discharge of blood during menstruation
-rrhea
discharge, flow
dia-
through, across
diarrhea
abnormal frequent discharge or flow of fecal matter from the bowel
-rrhexis
rupture
arteri/o
artery
arteriorrhexis
rupture of an artery
-sclerosis
abnormal condition of hardening
arteriosclerosis
abnormal condition of hardening of an artery
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching
blepharospasm
twitching of the eyelid
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture
arteriostenosis
abnormal narrowing of an artery
-toxic
poison
hepatotoxic
-pertaining to an agent (poison) that damages the liver
-alcohol and drugs are examples of agents that damage the liver
-trophy
nourishment, development
dystrophy
bad nourishment
Adjectives
-ac; -ar; -ary
-al; -eal; -ic
-ical; ile; ior
-ous; -tic
pertaining to
cardic
pertaining to the heart
cardi
heart
neural
pertaining to a nerve
neur
nerve
muscul
muscles
muscular
pertaining to muscles
pulmon
lungs
pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs
esophag
esophagus
esophageal
pertaining to the esophagus
thorac
chest
thoracic
pertaining to the chest
path/o
disease
pathological
pertaining to the study of diseases
pen
penis
penile
pertaining to the penis
poster
back (of body), behind, posterior
posterior
pertaining to the back of body
cutane
skin
cutaneous
pertaining to the skin
acous
hearing
acoustic
pertaining to hearing
Noun
-esis; -ia; -ism
condition
di-
double
ur
urine
diuresis
abnormal secretions of large amounts of urine
pneumon
air, lung
pneumonia
infection of the lung usually caused by bacteria, viruses, or diseases
thyroid
thyroid gland
hyperthyroidism
condition characterized by overactivity of the thyroid gland
Noun
-iatry
medicine, treatment
pod
foot
podiatry
specialty concerned with treatment and prevention of conditions of the foot
Noun
-ician
-ist
physician
obstetr
midwife
obstetrician
physician who specializes in the branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
log
study of
hematologist
physician who specializes in the treatment of disorders of blood and blood-forming tissues
Noun
-y
condition; process
neuropathy
condition of the nerves (related to a) disease
Diminutive
-icle; -ole; -ule
small, minute
ventr
belly, belly side
ventricle
small cavity, as of the brain or heart
arteriole
the smallest of the arteries; also called minute artery
ven
vein
venule
small vein continuous with a cappilary
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