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CH. 47 Care of patient with cardiovascular or peripheral vascular disorder
Terms in this set (51)
What is the correct impulse pattern of the cardiac conduction system?
SA node, AV node, Bundle of His, Right and left bundle branch, purkinje fibers
What diagnostic test allows observation of real time movement via radiography?
What cardiac markers is specific to the heart, not influenced by skeletal muscle trauma or renal failure, and rises 3 hours following a myocardial infarction?
The nurse is caring for an older woman with cardiac disease. How does the older cardiac patient differ from the younger cardiac patient?
Even with lower doses of medications, the older adult should be observed for signs and symptoms of toxicity.
In evaluating risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which of the following does the nurse identify as a modifiable risk factor?
What is a serious type of arrhythmia?
The nurse is caring for a patient with a new pacemaker. Nursing care for this patient would include what?
Monitoring the heart rate and rhythm by apical pulse and ECG patterns
A patient was admitted yesterday for a myocardial infarction. Which of the following statements is true regarding treatment for a patient with myocardial infarction?
The patient with an acute myocardial infarction will be on bed rest with commode privileges for 24 to 48 hours.
What are true statements regarding angina pectoris?
Angina indicates a lack of oxygen and blood supply to the heart, Angina may resemble heartburn or indigestion, Angina is usually relieved by nitroglycerin, Angina may appear as jaw pain
Superior vena cava/inferior vena cava→ Right atrium→ valve→ Right ventricle→ valve→ Pulmonary artery→ Capillaries in the lung→ Pulmonary veins→ Left atrium→ valve→ Left ventricle→ valve→ aorta.
tricuspid, pulmonary semilunar, bicuspid (mitral), aortic semilunar
List the layers of the heart.
pericardium, myocardium, endocardium
What is the function of the pericardium?
covers the entire structure, outermost layer of the heart.
What is the function of the myocardium?
thickest and strongest layer of the heart
What is the function of the endocardium?
What is angina?
spasmodic cramplike, or choking feeling (pain)
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