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Drugs and Society Final Review
Terms in this set (62)
Basic kinds of side effects of drug use can include
- nausea or vomiting
- Changes in mental alertness
- Allergic reactions
- Changes in cardiovascular activity
The unpleasant effect that occurs when use of a drug is stopped is called
Which of the following could contribute to individual variability in drug responses?
- Rate of metabolism by the liver
- acidity of urine
- size of the person
- sex of the person
Margin of Safety
is the difference between the dose of drug necessary to cause a therapeutic effect versus the dose necessary to cause a toxic effect
Which of the following can be toxic at sufficiently high doses?
- table salt
- vitamin A
Which of the following best describes the concept "margin of safety"
- Advantages and disadvantages of a drug
- benefits vs. risks
- dosages that commonly have a wide margin of safety
- toxicity vs. non-toxicity
The capacity of a drug to do damage or cause adverse effects in the body is called
Pharmacologists refer to ta perfect drug as a
Which of the following interactions best describes the analgesic effect when aspirin is combined with acetaminophen
What kind of drug effect occurs when one drug candles or blocks the effect of another?
is the ability of one drug to enhance the effect of another
Alcohol interacts with which of the following
Which of the following best describes synergistic drug interactions
In determining how drugs affect the body, pharmacologists need to be concerned with
The study of factors that influence the distribution and concentration of drugs in the body is called
Which of the following statement concerning drugs administered orally is incorrect
The principal forms of drug administration include which of the following
- oral ingestion
- Topical application
Which form of administration is likely to cause the fastest action
Drugs administered using which of the following methods can enter the blood almost as quickly as intravenous injection
is the process of making alcohol
The consumable type of alcohol that is the psychoactive ingredient in alcoholic beverages is
is the process by which alcohol concentrations are increased
The distillation device or "still" was developed by the
Arabs around 800 AD
is used as antifreeze whereas Isopropyl alcohol is used as an antiseptic.
One hundred ten proof alcohol has a
55% alcohol content
The concentration of alcohol in wine coolers is usually about
Drinks strong than
100 proof may actually inhibit alcohol absorption.
A glass of champagne has a faster onset of action than a glass of wine that contains the same amount of alcohol because
Which of the following people would have the highest blood alcohol level after consuming two glasses of wine
100 lb female
Alcoholic beverages contain large amounts of
As a rule, it takes
equal the number of hours as the number of drinks consumed to sober up completely.
Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can include all except
The lethal blood alcohol level is
Which is the manner whereby the body loses fluids through alcohol's diuretic action
The "hair of the dog" method for treating a hangover consist of
drink of the same alcoholic beverage that caused the hangover.
Prolonged heavy drinking can lead to all of the following except
Liver disorders are responsible for
15% of the deaths associated with alcoholism
Which of the following is not one of the three stages of alcohol-induced liver disease
Cirrhosis of the liver
Regarding sexual performance and prolonged drug use, findings suggest that alcohol
Fetal alcohol syndrome is characterized by all of the following except
Excessive weight gain
Select the incorrect statement
The process of making alcohol, called fermentation is a synthetic one
Alcohol is a psychoactive substance because it depresses brain activity
Sometime in their lives, almost 80% of all Americans will be involved in an alcohol-related traffic accident
Five percent is the natural limit of alcohol found in fermented wines or beers
The invention of the still has greatly increased the problem of alcohol abuse
Alcohol is associated with more than 100,000 deaths each year in the United States
Effects of alcohol frequently result in multiple illnesses and accidents, violence, and crime
Individuals are classified as
Heavy Drinkers if they consume five or more drinks on one occasion, or consume alcohol on five or more days a given 30-day period.
have the highest rate of current use (non-binge) alcohol consumption.
drinkers prefer beer, whereas Higher-income drinkers prefer wine.
Of the 64% who report drinking alcohol in the US, men prefer to drink
beer, while women prefer wine.
The Gallop Poll indicates that
42% of the population reported family disputes caused by excessive drinking 17% reported this problem in 1996.
In the United States most alcohol drinkers drink
In past decades an individual who does not consume any alcoholic beverage was termed a
A College graduate
is more likely to use alcohol throughout his/her life.
All of the following are valid arguments supporting the legal drinking age of 21 except
Yearly, alcohol is responsible for
over 100,000 deaths (people dying because of alcohol-related abuse).
The highest economic cost for the nation regarding alcohol abuse is
An organization that lobbies against alcohol-impaired driving and for stricter enforcement of laws is
MADD and SADD
It is believed that
fermentation was the first method for making alcohol, which dates back to 4200 BC.
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Final Exam Review
Sociology of Drug Use Ch. 8, 9, & 12
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