The contact of one long isolated language to other languages.
The difference found in languages, why and how, through time and space.
The replacement of a language by another language through force of invasion.
A word being changed in sound and form through different languages.
The backwords tracking and recreation of a language which preceded a language used today.
Languages in which preceded Latin, Greek, and Sanskrit, and others.
The core of a Pre-Proto Indo-European language.
Second oldest and longest, but much less widely diffused family of the three indigenous languages.
Oldest and longest family of the three indigenous languages.
Last-found in arctic shores and regions.
Agriculture was the main cause of the taking-over of a language in this theory.
Taking over of a language by conquest.
Systematic study of place-names.
One language in a country.
Countries in which only one language is spoken.
Countries in which more than one language is in use.
One common language used for trade between at least two different language speaking groups.
Changes of a language.
The original pidgin.
An attempt to establish one world language.
Communicating using signs, gestures, and noises.
Regional varients of a standard language.
Groups that are thought to have a shared, but fairly distinct, origin.
When their commonality is more definite.
Consists of sets of individual languages.
A geographic boundary within which a particular linguistic feature occurs.
People who speak their language but do not write it.
A normal language for a particular society.
Mostly an English language.
A violent drive to a religious leader's faith.
The boundaries between the worlds major faith.
Boundaries within a single faith.
A haven for the activities of Islamic Extremists.
Sharia Religious Law
Harsh laws resulting from criminal code.
Describes the ouster of Muslims and others from their nomes and lands.
A term that connates social situation, not just biology.
The right to vote.
The gap of life expectancy between men and women.
Maternal Mortality Rate
Maternal deaths per 100,00 births.
Aborting a female child illegally.
A bride's death caused upon grooms parents for not having a boy.
Female Genitalia mutilation (FGM)
The complete or partial removal of the female clitoris.
Locks people into particular social classes.
Lowest of the castes.
"What goes around comes around"
A controlling force.
Idea of a homeland of Jewish people.
The spatial dispersion of members of an ethnic group.
When Jews went North to Central Europe.
Those who scattered across North Africa and into the Iberian Penninsyla.
Followers of Ali.
Shows that human decision making is the crucial factor in cultural development, not the environment.
The behaviors, beliefs, and characteristics of a particular social, ethnic, or age group.
The spreading of a cultural element.
The forms and and artifacts placed on the physical landscape by the activities of humans.
Place of origin of a culture.
A single element of a culture.
A related set of culture traits.
A cluster of regions in which related culture systems prevail.
A region within which common cultural characteristics prevail.
Culture complexes divided into certain groups.
To refer to such cultural succession.
Spatial spreading of an element.
Spread of an idea that grows continuously larger.
Movement of people and things.
Cultural modification resulting from intercultural borrowing.
Process through which people lose originally differentiating traits.
Occurs when different cultures come into close contact.
Spreading of an idea by contact from person to person.
Idea spreads by trickling down.
Involves behavior as well as ideas.
Invention created in two different places.
View that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life.