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Primitive Art

the Worlds oldest art- usually done on the walls of caves to tell a story or to mark a particular event

Traditional Art

art that is familiar to most people in subject matter, form, and style

Abstract Art

art that doesn't depict objects in the natural world

Contemporary Art

Art that is produced in the present time

Fine Art

works that are created mainly to be admired

Commercial Art

Art that is experienced daily in newspapers, the internet, and television.

Folk Art

handmade items, such as pottery, woodcarving, and traditional costumes, produced by rural people with traditional lifestyles, instead of by professional artists


a surviving memorial of something past


an anthropologist who studies prehistoric people and their culture

Aesthetic Experience

your personal experience with a work of art

Descriptive line

lines that help us understand what we are seeing

Expressive line

Lines that express powerful emotions

Implied line

indicated indirectly

Lines of Sight

lines along which people look


line segments where the faces intersect


tendency to see complete figures where a line is left open


surrounds a shape, most basic

Contour line

outline the edges of forms or shapes

Abstract line

does not describe anything, meant to be seen as only a line


calm and relaxed


tense and uncomfortable


strong and powerful


action and excitment


graceful, flowing movement

Optical mixing

the visual appearance of hatched black lines that are so thin and close together, they appear gray.

Geometric shape

shapes such as square, circle, or triangle that can be made with tools.

Organic shape

Free-form shapes found in nature.

Positive space

the enclosed areas or objects in an art work

Negative space

empty spaces surrounding shapes and forms

Open form

arrangement of elements and stuctures which follow no apparent pattern

Closed form

poetic form subject to a fixed structure and pattern


a visual effect in which an object is shortened and turned deeper into the picture plane to give the effect of receding in space


the lightness or darkness of a color

Value Scale

a diagram depicting a range of value from light to dark.


artistic shading

Light Spectrum

How light is absorbed or reflected

Source of Color


Isaac Newton

Discovered the laws of gravity

Color Wheel

a circle containing a spectrum of color

Primary colors

red, blue, yellow

Secondary colors

Orange, Green, Violet

Intermediate colors

Red Orange; Yellow Green; Blue Violet; Yellow Orange; Blue Green; Red Violet


an element of art that is derived from reflected light


a particular shade of a given color


brightness or dullness of a hue

Warm colors

Red, Orange, Yellow

Cool colors

Blue, Green, Violet


created when white is added to a color


adding black to a color


a colored chemical compound that absorbs light

Color scheme

a defined set of colors


having only one color

Analogous colors

next to oneanother on the color wheel

Complementary colors

colors located directly opposite one another on the color wheel

Triad colors

Red, Yellow, and Blue are the main colors that make a triangle


what something is made of


a liquid with which pigment is mixed by a painter

Linear Perspective

parallel lines appear to converge with distance


the part of a scene or representation that is nearest to the viewer


the depth of plane that lies between the foreground and background


Area of a picture that appears farthest from the viewer, and sets the theme

Implied Depth

making things in the picture seem further away


way of showing depth that deals with placing one object in front of the other

Size relationship

large objects appear closer because objects get smaller as they go into the distance


way of showing depth by placing smaller objects higher up on the picture plane


to add realistic features

Linear Perspective

parallel lines appear to converge with distance


the way something feels to the touch

Real texture

how a surface feels

Implied Texture

illusion of texture in an artwork, has to do with your past experiences with the picture


the quality or whole meaning to the artwork


closeness between points


group figures that are similar


Elements that appear to flow or follow in the same direction are grouped together


Special attention; importance given to something

Focal Point

the visually dominant elements in a presentation; the center of interest


The pattern or beat of an artwork

Alternating rhythm

type of repetition in which two or more different patterns recur in an interchanging interval


the act of repeating for dramatic effect

Progressive rhythm

repetition of a shape that changes in a regular pattern.


A number of different kinds; assortment


is the distribution of optical weight in the layout

Approximate Symmetry

The use of similar imagery on either side of a central axis


balanced in arrangement; capable of division by a central line into similar halves


not corresponding in size shape position etc.


Elements radiate out from a center point.


The act of changing the location of something

Actual movement

feeling of movement or literal movement (Kinetic)

Optical art

formal elements being manipulated, manipulate human nervous system

Sequential movement

one after the other, two or more counts apart from execution

Elements of Art

line, value, shape, color, and texrure

Principles of Art

unity, emphasis, variety, rhythm, balance, and movement

"The Bath"

Mary Cassatt

"100 cans"

Andy Warhol, Mr. D's favorite artist

"The Scream"

Edvard Munch

"Circle limit IV"

MC Escher

"Waterloo Bridge"

Claude Monet

"Composition in white, blue, and red"

Piet Mondrian

"Mae West"

American actress

"Falling Shoestring Potatoes"

Claes Oldenburg

"Wrapped Coast, One Million Square Feet, Little Bay, Australia"

John Caldor

"Bathing At Asnieres"

Georges-Pierre Seurat

"The Artist's Bedroom at Arles"

Vincent Van Gogh

"Lunch of the Boating Party"

Pierre-Auguste Renoir

"Three Musicians"

Pablo Picasso

"The Piet"

Fredrik Hylten-Cavallius

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