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106 terms

Art App Exam

STUDY
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Primitive Art
the Worlds oldest art- usually done on the walls of caves to tell a story or to mark a particular event
Traditional Art
art that is familiar to most people in subject matter, form, and style
Abstract Art
art that doesn't depict objects in the natural world
Contemporary Art
Art that is produced in the present time
Fine Art
works that are created mainly to be admired
Commercial Art
Art that is experienced daily in newspapers, the internet, and television.
Folk Art
handmade items, such as pottery, woodcarving, and traditional costumes, produced by rural people with traditional lifestyles, instead of by professional artists
Relics
a surviving memorial of something past
Archeologist
an anthropologist who studies prehistoric people and their culture
Aesthetic Experience
your personal experience with a work of art
Descriptive line
lines that help us understand what we are seeing
Expressive line
Lines that express powerful emotions
Implied line
indicated indirectly
Lines of Sight
lines along which people look
Edges
line segments where the faces intersect
Closure
tendency to see complete figures where a line is left open
Outline
surrounds a shape, most basic
Contour line
outline the edges of forms or shapes
Abstract line
does not describe anything, meant to be seen as only a line
Horizontal
calm and relaxed
Diagonal
tense and uncomfortable
Vertical
strong and powerful
Zigzag
action and excitment
Curved
graceful, flowing movement
Optical mixing
the visual appearance of hatched black lines that are so thin and close together, they appear gray.
Geometric shape
shapes such as square, circle, or triangle that can be made with tools.
Organic shape
Free-form shapes found in nature.
Positive space
the enclosed areas or objects in an art work
Negative space
empty spaces surrounding shapes and forms
Open form
arrangement of elements and stuctures which follow no apparent pattern
Closed form
poetic form subject to a fixed structure and pattern
Foreshortening
a visual effect in which an object is shortened and turned deeper into the picture plane to give the effect of receding in space
Value
the lightness or darkness of a color
Value Scale
a diagram depicting a range of value from light to dark.
Chiaroscuro
artistic shading
Light Spectrum
How light is absorbed or reflected
Source of Color
light
Isaac Newton
Discovered the laws of gravity
Color Wheel
a circle containing a spectrum of color
Primary colors
red, blue, yellow
Secondary colors
Orange, Green, Violet
Intermediate colors
Red Orange; Yellow Green; Blue Violet; Yellow Orange; Blue Green; Red Violet
Color
an element of art that is derived from reflected light
Hue
a particular shade of a given color
Intensity
brightness or dullness of a hue
Warm colors
Red, Orange, Yellow
Cool colors
Blue, Green, Violet
Tint
created when white is added to a color
Shade
adding black to a color
Pigment
a colored chemical compound that absorbs light
Color scheme
a defined set of colors
Monochromatic
having only one color
Analogous colors
next to oneanother on the color wheel
Complementary colors
colors located directly opposite one another on the color wheel
Triad colors
Red, Yellow, and Blue are the main colors that make a triangle
Composition
what something is made of
Medium
a liquid with which pigment is mixed by a painter
Linear Perspective
parallel lines appear to converge with distance
Foreground
the part of a scene or representation that is nearest to the viewer
Middleground
the depth of plane that lies between the foreground and background
Background
Area of a picture that appears farthest from the viewer, and sets the theme
Implied Depth
making things in the picture seem further away
Overlapping
way of showing depth that deals with placing one object in front of the other
Size relationship
large objects appear closer because objects get smaller as they go into the distance
Placement
way of showing depth by placing smaller objects higher up on the picture plane
Detail
to add realistic features
Linear Perspective
parallel lines appear to converge with distance
Texture
the way something feels to the touch
Real texture
how a surface feels
Implied Texture
illusion of texture in an artwork, has to do with your past experiences with the picture
Unity
the quality or whole meaning to the artwork
Proximity
closeness between points
Similarity
group figures that are similar
Continuation
Elements that appear to flow or follow in the same direction are grouped together
Emphasis
Special attention; importance given to something
Focal Point
the visually dominant elements in a presentation; the center of interest
Rhythm
The pattern or beat of an artwork
Alternating rhythm
type of repetition in which two or more different patterns recur in an interchanging interval
Repetition
the act of repeating for dramatic effect
Progressive rhythm
repetition of a shape that changes in a regular pattern.
Variety
A number of different kinds; assortment
Balance
is the distribution of optical weight in the layout
Approximate Symmetry
The use of similar imagery on either side of a central axis
Symmetrical
balanced in arrangement; capable of division by a central line into similar halves
Asymetrical
not corresponding in size shape position etc.
Radial
Elements radiate out from a center point.
Movement
The act of changing the location of something
Actual movement
feeling of movement or literal movement (Kinetic)
Optical art
formal elements being manipulated, manipulate human nervous system
Sequential movement
one after the other, two or more counts apart from execution
Elements of Art
line, value, shape, color, and texrure
Principles of Art
unity, emphasis, variety, rhythm, balance, and movement
"The Bath"
Mary Cassatt
"100 cans"
Andy Warhol, Mr. D's favorite artist
"The Scream"
Edvard Munch
"Circle limit IV"
MC Escher
"Waterloo Bridge"
Claude Monet
"Composition in white, blue, and red"
Piet Mondrian
"Mae West"
American actress
"Falling Shoestring Potatoes"
Claes Oldenburg
"Wrapped Coast, One Million Square Feet, Little Bay, Australia"
John Caldor
"Bathing At Asnieres"
Georges-Pierre Seurat
"The Artist's Bedroom at Arles"
Vincent Van Gogh
"Lunch of the Boating Party"
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
"Three Musicians"
Pablo Picasso
"The Piet"
Fredrik Hylten-Cavallius